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07-02-2020 | Heart Beat | Uitgave 10/2020 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 10/2020

Pulmonary valve infective endocarditis with atrial septal defect and pulmonary valve disease—too coincidental to be true?

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 10/2020
Auteurs:
M. W. L. Smits, R. Tukkie, P. G. Meregalli, D. Robbers-Visser, P. T. G. Bot
In this case we describe a 68-year-old male patient who presented with malaise after being treated for a urinary tract infection caused by enterococcus faecalis. The electrocardiogram showed atrial fibrillation and subsequent transthoracic echocardiography revealed a mobile structure on the pulmonary valve with an increased transpulmonary valve gradient (Fig.  1). Blood cultures were positive for enterococcus faecalis and PET-CT revealed F‑18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the right ventricular outflow tract and lungs.
Transoesophageal echocardiography revealed a previously unknown small atrial septal defect type 2 with left-to-right shunt as well as a moderate pulmonary valve stenosis and severe regurgitation (Fig.  2).
In the majority of cases, right-sided infective endocarditis involves the tricuspid valve and is associated with intravenous drug use or the presence of pacemakers [ 13]. In this case, a type 2 atrial septal defect and a dysplastic pulmonary valve were observed. This case underscores the importance of thorough investigation of coexistent congenital heart defects in cases of right-sided infective endocarditis [ 4].
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://​creativecommons.​org/​licenses/​by/​4.​0/​.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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