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05-02-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

PTSD Symptom Severity, Pain Intensity, and Pain-Related Disability Among Trauma-Exposed Firefighters: the Moderating Role of Mindfulness

Auteurs: Antoine Lebeaut, Maya Zegel, Nathaniel A. Healy, Andrew H. Rogers, Samuel J. Buser, Anka A. Vujanovic

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 3/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

Firefighters are regularly exposed to potentially traumatic and injurious events and are at increased risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, pain, and pain-related disability. Mindfulness (i.e., present-oriented awareness and nonjudgmental acceptance of cognitions and bodily sensations) may influence PTSD-pain relations in firefighter populations and inform mutual maintenance models. The current cross-sectional study sought to examine the moderating role of mindfulness on the associations between PTSD symptom severity and pain-related disability and intensity among trauma-exposed firefighters.

Methods

Firefighters (N = 266; Mage = 40.48, SD = 9.70; 92.5% male) were recruited from a large, southwestern metropolitan area and voluntarily completed an online, self-report survey advertised throughout the fire department.

Results

Accounting for covariates (i.e., age, years in the fire service, trauma load), a significant interactive effect of PTSD symptom severity and mindfulness on pain-related disability (ΔR2 = 0.05, B =  − 0.16, p < .001), but not pain intensity, emerged. Simple slope analyses revealed that PTSD symptom severity was associated with pain-related disability for those with low, but not high mindfulness. Post hoc analyses examining mindfulness facets revealed significant main effects of acting with awareness, non-judging of inner experience, and nonreactivity to inner experience on pain-related disability. Significant interactive effects of observing, describing, and nonreactivity to inner experience with PTSD symptom severity on pain-related disability emerged.

Conclusions

Mindfulness moderates PTSD symptom severity and pain-related disability associations in trauma-exposed firefighters. Future work should further examine these associations among first responders, using experimental and/or longitudinal methodologies.
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Metagegevens
Titel
PTSD Symptom Severity, Pain Intensity, and Pain-Related Disability Among Trauma-Exposed Firefighters: the Moderating Role of Mindfulness
Auteurs
Antoine Lebeaut
Maya Zegel
Nathaniel A. Healy
Andrew H. Rogers
Samuel J. Buser
Anka A. Vujanovic
Publicatiedatum
05-02-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 3/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01836-4

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