Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
There have been few studies of psychopathology in adult with autism. This study examined psychiatric co-morbidity in 147 adults with intellectual disability (ID) and autism and 605 adults with ID but without autism. After controlling for the effects of gender, age, psychotropic medication and level of ID, people with autism and ID were no more likely to receive a psychiatric diagnosis than people with ID only. People with autism were less likely to receive a diagnosis of personality disorder. These findings cast doubts on the hypothesis that adults with ID and autism are more vulnerable to certain psychiatric disorders than non-autistic adults with ID.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edn. Washington: author.
Aylward, E. H., Minshew, N. J., Field, K., Sparks, B. F., & Singh, N. (2002). Effects of age on brain volume and head circumference in autism. Neurology, 59, 175–183. PubMed
Baron-Cohen, S. (2003). The essential difference: The truth about the male and female brain. New York: Basic Books.
Bradley, E. A., Summers, J. A., Wood, H. L., & Bryson, S. E. (2004). Comparing rates of psychiatric and behaviour disorders in adolescents with young adults with severe intellectual disability with and without autism. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 34, 151–161. CrossRef
Deb, S., Mathews, T., Holt, G., & Bouras, N. (2001). Practice guidelines for the assessment and diagnosis of mental health problems in adults with intellectual disability. UK: Pavillion.
Eisenberg, L., & Kanner, L. (1958). Early infantile autism, 1943–1955. In: C. F. Reed, I. E. Alexander, & S. S. Tomkins (Eds.), Psychopathology: A source book (pp. 3–14). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Fombonne, E., Mazaubrun, C., Cans, C., & Grandjean, H. (1997). Autism and associated medical disorders in a French epidemiological survey. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 1561–1569. CrossRef
Ghaziuddin, M., Ghaziuddin, N., & Greden, J. (2002). Depression in persons with autism: Implications for research and clinical care. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 32, 299–306. CrossRef
Gillberg, C. (1999). Autism and its spectrum disorders. In: N Bouras (Ed.), Psychiatric and behavioural disorders in developmental disabilities and mental retardation (pp. 73–95). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Howlin, P. (2000). Outcome in adult life for more able individuals with autism or Asperger syndrome. Autism, 4, 63–83. CrossRef
Howlin, P. (1997). Autism: Preparation for adulthood. London: Routledge.
Lainhart, J. E. (1999). Psychiatric disorders, executive function and the broader autism phenotype in parents of autistic probands. Molecular Psychiatry, 4, 303. CrossRef
Morgan, C. N., Roy, M., & Chance, P. (2003). Psychiatric comorbidity and medication use in autism: A community survey. Psychiatric Bulletin, 27, 378–381. CrossRef
Petty, L. K., Ornitz, E. M., Michelman, J. D., & Zimmerman, E. G., (1984). Autistic children who become schizophrenic. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 129–135. PubMed
Piven, J., & Palmer, P. (1999). Psychiatric disorders and the broad autism phenotype: Evidence from a family study of multiple incidence autism families. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 557–563. PubMed
Volkmar, F. R., & Cohen, D. J. (1991). Comorbid association of autism and schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 1705–1707. PubMed
Volkmar, F. R., & Nelson, D. S. (1990). Seizure disorders in autism. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 127–129. CrossRef
World Health Organization (1992). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders – clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: author.
- Psychopathology in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disability
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers