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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 6/2018

27-03-2018

Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), derived from a large German community sample

Auteurs: Andreas Hinz, Ines Conrad, Matthias L. Schroeter, Heide Glaesmer, Elmar Brähler, Markus Zenger, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent, Philipp Y. Herzberg

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 6/2018

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to test psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), to provide normative values, and to analyze associations between life satisfaction and sociodemographic and behavioral data.

Methods

A German community sample (n = 9711) with an age range of 18–80 years was surveyed using the SWLS and several other questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test the dimensionality of the SWLS. Invariance across gender and age groups was tested with multiple-group CFA. Associations between SWLS, sociodemographic variables, and behavioral variables were tested with ANOVAs.

Results

Confirmatory factorial analysis results confirmed that the SWLS is a one-dimensional scale. Measurement invariance across gender was completely confirmed, while concerning age strict measurement invariance was confirmed. The effects of gender and age on satisfaction with life were weak. Satisfaction with life was associated with fatigue (r = − .49), the mental component of quality of life (r = .45), anxiety (r = − .42), dispositional optimism (r = .41), pessimism (r = − .34), sleep quality (r = − .32), and sociodemographic factors such as marital status, income, and occupational status. Non-smokers reported higher life satisfaction than smokers.

Conclusions

Because of the good psychometric properties, the SWLS can be recommended for use in epidemiological research. Normative values based on a large community sample are provided.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), derived from a large German community sample
Auteurs
Andreas Hinz
Ines Conrad
Matthias L. Schroeter
Heide Glaesmer
Elmar Brähler
Markus Zenger
Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent
Philipp Y. Herzberg
Publicatiedatum
27-03-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 6/2018
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-018-1844-1