Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 2/2017

18-10-2016 | Original Paper

Psychometric Properties of the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale in Treatment-Seeking Post-9/11 Veterans

Auteurs: Eric Bui, Rebecca J. Zakarian, Lauren M. Laifer, Julia C. Sager, Yang Chen, Shiri Cohen, Naomi M. Simon, Bonnie Ohye

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 2/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Although evidence suggests deployment-related stress impacts parenting, few measures of parenting competency have been validated in returning post-9/11 veterans. As part of clinical care in a multidisciplinary clinic serving veterans and military families, 178 treatment-seeking OEF/OIF/OND veterans completed measures including the 16-item Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC), a widely-used measure of parental efficacy and satisfaction; the Family Assessment Device—general functioning subscale; and the depression, anxiety, and stress scale. Utilizing data from an IRB-approved de-identified data repository, we examined the psychometrics and factor structure of the PSOC. According to a proposed clinical cut-off, 10 % of our clinical sample of veterans exhibited low self-confidence in parenting. A confirmatory factor analysis of the 2-factor structure introducing correlated error terms between items 3 and 9, and between items 10 and 11, revealed to be a satisfactory fit to the data (Χ 2 /df = 1.57, RMSEA = 0.056 [90 % CI 0.039–0.073]; CFI = 0.928; TLI = 0.914; SRMR = 0.055). In addition, the PSOC exhibited good convergent validity with measures of parental distress (r = −.22, p < 0.01 with anxiety symptoms, and r = −.33, p < .001 with depressive symptoms) and family functioning (r = −.53, p < .0001), very good temporal stability (r = .81, p < .0.0001), and excellent internal consistency (α = .85). The PSOC exhibited satisfactory psychometric properties in treatment-seeking veterans and may be used by clinicians and researchers to assess parenting sense of competence, including satisfaction and sense of efficacy, in this population.
Literatuur
go back to reference Allen, E. S., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2010). Hitting home: Relationships between recent deployment, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and marital functioning for Army couples. Journal of Family Psychology, 24(3), 280–288. doi: 10.​1037/​a0019405. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Allen, E. S., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2010). Hitting home: Relationships between recent deployment, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and marital functioning for Army couples. Journal of Family Psychology, 24(3), 280–288. doi: 10.​1037/​a0019405. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Browne, M. W., Cudeck, R., Bollen, K. A., & Long, J. S. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. Sage Focus Editions, 154, 136–136. Browne, M. W., Cudeck, R., Bollen, K. A., & Long, J. S. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. Sage Focus Editions, 154, 136–136.
go back to reference Cozza, S. J., et al. (2010). Combat-injured service members and their families: the relationship of child distress and spouse-perceived family distress and disruption. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(1), 112–115. doi: 10.​1002/​jts.​20488. PubMed Cozza, S. J., et al. (2010). Combat-injured service members and their families: the relationship of child distress and spouse-perceived family distress and disruption. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(1), 112–115. doi: 10.​1002/​jts.​20488. PubMed
go back to reference Creech, S. K., Swift, R., Zlotnick, C., Taft, C., & Street, A. E. (2016). Combat exposure, mental health, and relationship functioning among women veterans of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. Journal of Family Psychology, 30(1), 43–51. doi: 10.​1037/​fam0000145. CrossRefPubMed Creech, S. K., Swift, R., Zlotnick, C., Taft, C., & Street, A. E. (2016). Combat exposure, mental health, and relationship functioning among women veterans of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. Journal of Family Psychology, 30(1), 43–51. doi: 10.​1037/​fam0000145. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gewirtz, A. H., Erbes, C. R., Polusny, M. A., Forgatch, M. S., & Degarmo, D. S. (2011). Helping military families through the deployment process: Strategies to support parenting. Professional Psychology Research and Practice, 42(1), 56–62. doi: 10.​1037/​a0022345. CrossRef Gewirtz, A. H., Erbes, C. R., Polusny, M. A., Forgatch, M. S., & Degarmo, D. S. (2011). Helping military families through the deployment process: Strategies to support parenting. Professional Psychology Research and Practice, 42(1), 56–62. doi: 10.​1037/​a0022345. CrossRef
go back to reference Gewirtz, A. H., Polusny, M. A., DeGarmo, D. S., Khaylis, A., & Erbes, C. R. (2010). Posttraumatic stress symptoms among national guard soldiers deployed to Iraq: Associations with parenting behaviors and couple adjustment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(5), 599–610. doi: 10.​1037/​a0020571. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Gewirtz, A. H., Polusny, M. A., DeGarmo, D. S., Khaylis, A., & Erbes, C. R. (2010). Posttraumatic stress symptoms among national guard soldiers deployed to Iraq: Associations with parenting behaviors and couple adjustment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(5), 599–610. doi: 10.​1037/​a0020571. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Gibaud-Wallston, J., & Wandersman, L. P. (1978). Development and utility of the parenting sense of competence scale. Toronto, Canada: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association. Gibaud-Wallston, J., & Wandersman, L. P. (1978). Development and utility of the parenting sense of competence scale. Toronto, Canada: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1–55. CrossRef Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1–55. CrossRef
go back to reference Johnson, S. J., Sherman, M. D., Hoffman, J. S., James, L. C., Johnson, P. L., Lochman, J. E., Riggs, D., et al. (2007). The psychological needs of US military service members and their families: A preliminary report. American Psychological Association Presidential Task Force on Military Deployment Services for Youth, Families and Service Members. Johnson, S. J., Sherman, M. D., Hoffman, J. S., James, L. C., Johnson, P. L., Lochman, J. E., Riggs, D., et al. (2007). The psychological needs of US military service members and their families: A preliminary report. American Psychological Association Presidential Task Force on Military Deployment Services for Youth, Families and Service Members.
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York, NY: Guilford publications. Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York, NY: Guilford publications.
go back to reference Lovibond, P. F., & Lovibond, S. H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: comparison of the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS) with the beck depression and anxiety inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33(3), 335–343. CrossRefPubMed Lovibond, P. F., & Lovibond, S. H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: comparison of the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS) with the beck depression and anxiety inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33(3), 335–343. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nunes, C., Jiménez, L., Menéndez, S., Ayala-Nunes, L. and Hidalgo, V. (2014), Psychometric properties of an adapted version of the parental sense of competence (PSOC) scale for Portuguese at-risk parents. Child & Family Social Work. doi: 10.​1111/​cfs.​12159. Nunes, C., Jiménez, L., Menéndez, S., Ayala-Nunes, L. and Hidalgo, V. (2014), Psychometric properties of an adapted version of the parental sense of competence (PSOC) scale for Portuguese at-risk parents. Child & Family Social Work. doi: 10.​1111/​cfs.​12159.
go back to reference Ohan, J. L., Leung, D. W., & Johnston, C. (2000). The parenting sense of competence scale: Evidence of a stable factor structure and validity. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 32(4), 251. CrossRef Ohan, J. L., Leung, D. W., & Johnston, C. (2000). The parenting sense of competence scale: Evidence of a stable factor structure and validity. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 32(4), 251. CrossRef
go back to reference Rogers, H., & Matthews, J. (2004). The parenting sense of competence scale: Investigation of the factor structure, reliability, and validity for an Australian sample. Australian Psychologist, 39(1), 88–96. CrossRef Rogers, H., & Matthews, J. (2004). The parenting sense of competence scale: Investigation of the factor structure, reliability, and validity for an Australian sample. Australian Psychologist, 39(1), 88–96. CrossRef
go back to reference Sayers, S. L., Farrow, V. A., Ross, J., & Oslin, D. W. (2009). Family problems among recently returned military veterans referred for a mental health evaluation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 70(2), 163–170. doi: 10.​4088/​JCP.​07m03863. CrossRefPubMed Sayers, S. L., Farrow, V. A., Ross, J., & Oslin, D. W. (2009). Family problems among recently returned military veterans referred for a mental health evaluation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 70(2), 163–170. doi: 10.​4088/​JCP.​07m03863. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Sherman, M. D., Gress Smith, J. L., Straits-Troster, K., Larsen, J. L., & Gewirtz, A. (2016). Veterans’ perceptions of the pmpact of PTSD on their parenting and children. Psychological Services. doi: 10.​1037/​ser0000101. Sherman, M. D., Gress Smith, J. L., Straits-Troster, K., Larsen, J. L., & Gewirtz, A. (2016). Veterans’ perceptions of the pmpact of PTSD on their parenting and children. Psychological Services. doi: 10.​1037/​ser0000101.
go back to reference Smith, A. J., Benight, C. C., & Cieslak, R. (2013). Social support and postdeployment coping self-efficacy as predictors of distress among combat veterans. Military Psychology, 25(5), 452. CrossRef Smith, A. J., Benight, C. C., & Cieslak, R. (2013). Social support and postdeployment coping self-efficacy as predictors of distress among combat veterans. Military Psychology, 25(5), 452. CrossRef
go back to reference Suwansujarid, T., Vatanasomboon, P., Gaylord, N., & Lapvongwatana, P. (2013). Validation of the parenting sense of competence scale in fathers: Thai version. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 44(5), 916. PubMed Suwansujarid, T., Vatanasomboon, P., Gaylord, N., & Lapvongwatana, P. (2013). Validation of the parenting sense of competence scale in fathers: Thai version. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 44(5), 916. PubMed
go back to reference Tanielian, T.L., & Jaycox, L. (Eds.). (2008). Invisible wounds of war: Psychological and cognitive injuries, their consequences, and services to assist recovery (Vol. 720). Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation. Tanielian, T.L., & Jaycox, L. (Eds.). (2008). Invisible wounds of war: Psychological and cognitive injuries, their consequences, and services to assist recovery (Vol. 720). Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.
go back to reference Terrio, H., et al. (2009). Traumatic brain injury screening: preliminary findings in a US Army Brigade Combat Team. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 24(1), 14–23. CrossRefPubMed Terrio, H., et al. (2009). Traumatic brain injury screening: preliminary findings in a US Army Brigade Combat Team. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 24(1), 14–23. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference West, S. G., Finch, J. F., & Curran, P. J. (1995). Structural equation models with non-normal variables: Problems and remedies. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural Equation Modeling: Concepts, Issues and Applications (pp. 56–75). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. West, S. G., Finch, J. F., & Curran, P. J. (1995). Structural equation models with non-normal variables: Problems and remedies. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural Equation Modeling: Concepts, Issues and Applications (pp. 56–75). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Metagegevens
Titel
Psychometric Properties of the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale in Treatment-Seeking Post-9/11 Veterans
Auteurs
Eric Bui
Rebecca J. Zakarian
Lauren M. Laifer
Julia C. Sager
Yang Chen
Shiri Cohen
Naomi M. Simon
Bonnie Ohye
Publicatiedatum
18-10-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 2/2017
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0580-9