Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2007

01-05-2007 | Original Paper

Psychological and Neurobehavioral Comparisons of Children with Asperger’s Disorder Versus High-Functioning Autism

Auteurs: Linda L. Thede, Frederick L. Coolidge

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2007

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study investigated personality and neurobehavioral differences between 16 children with Asperger’s Disorder, 15 children with High-Functioning Autism (HFA), and 31 controls, all ranging in age from 5–17 years, M age = 10.7 years, SD = 3.0. Parents rated their children’s behaviors on a 44-item autistic symptoms survey and on the 200-item Coolidge Personality and Neuropsychological Inventory (Coolidge, Thede, Stewart, & Segal (2002a). The Coolidge Personality and Neuropsychological Inventory for Children (CPNI): Preliminary psychometric characteristics. Behavior Modification, 26, 550–566). The results indicated that the two clinical samples were significantly elevated on the Executive Function Deficits scale and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) scale compared to controls. There were more similarities than differences between the two clinical samples on the personality scales, although the Asperger’s group scored significantly on the two scales with anxiety components.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.-text revised). Washington, DC:Author. American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.-text revised). Washington, DC:Author.
go back to reference Coolidge, F. L. (1998). Coolidge Personality and Neuropsychological Inventory for Children: CPNI. Colorado Springs, CO: Author. Coolidge, F. L. (1998). Coolidge Personality and Neuropsychological Inventory for Children: CPNI. Colorado Springs, CO: Author.
go back to reference Coolidge, F. L., Aksamit, C. R., & Becker, L. A. (1994). Prediction of recidivism in juvenile offenders. Indian Journal of Psychological Issues, 2, 1–6. Coolidge, F. L., Aksamit, C. R., & Becker, L. A. (1994). Prediction of recidivism in juvenile offenders. Indian Journal of Psychological Issues, 2, 1–6.
go back to reference Coolidge, F. L., Reilman, B. J., Becker, L. A., Cass, V. J., Coolidge, R. L., & Stocker, R. (1992). Emotional problems and neuropsychological symptoms in non-violent juvenile offenders. Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies, 8, 7–13. Coolidge, F. L., Reilman, B. J., Becker, L. A., Cass, V. J., Coolidge, R. L., & Stocker, R. (1992). Emotional problems and neuropsychological symptoms in non-violent juvenile offenders. Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies, 8, 7–13.
go back to reference Coolidge, F. L., Segal, D. L., Stewart, S. E., & Ellett, J. A. C. (2000). Neuropsychological dysfunction in children with borderline personality disorder features: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Research in Personality, 34, 554–561. CrossRef Coolidge, F. L., Segal, D. L., Stewart, S. E., & Ellett, J. A. C. (2000). Neuropsychological dysfunction in children with borderline personality disorder features: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Research in Personality, 34, 554–561. CrossRef
go back to reference Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., & Jang, K. L. (2001). Heritability of personality disorders in childhood: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Personality Disorders, 15, 33–40. PubMedCrossRef Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., & Jang, K. L. (2001). Heritability of personality disorders in childhood: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Personality Disorders, 15, 33–40. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., & Jang, K. L. (2004). Are personality disorders psychological manifestations of executive function deficits? Behavior Genetics, 34, 73–82. CrossRef Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., & Jang, K. L. (2004). Are personality disorders psychological manifestations of executive function deficits? Behavior Genetics, 34, 73–82. CrossRef
go back to reference Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., Stewart, S. E., & Segal, D. L. (2002). The Coolidge Personality and Neuropsychological Inventory for Children (CPNI): Preliminary psychometric characteristics. Behavior Modification, 26, 550–566. PubMedCrossRef Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., Stewart, S. E., & Segal, D. L. (2002). The Coolidge Personality and Neuropsychological Inventory for Children (CPNI): Preliminary psychometric characteristics. Behavior Modification, 26, 550–566. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., & Young, S. E. (2000). Heritability and the comorbidity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with behavioral disorders and executive function deficits: A preliminary investigation. Developmental Neuropsychology, 17, 273–287. PubMedCrossRef Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., & Young, S. E. (2000). Heritability and the comorbidity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with behavioral disorders and executive function deficits: A preliminary investigation. Developmental Neuropsychology, 17, 273–287. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., & Young, S. E. (2002). The heritability of gender identity disorder in a child and adolescent twin sample. Behavior Genetics, 32, 251–257. PubMedCrossRef Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., & Young, S. E. (2002). The heritability of gender identity disorder in a child and adolescent twin sample. Behavior Genetics, 32, 251–257. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Deckel, A. W., Hesselbrock, V., & Bauer, L. (1996). Antisocial personality disorder, childhood delinquency, and frontal brain functioning: EEG and neuropsychological findings. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52, 639–650. PubMedCrossRef Deckel, A. W., Hesselbrock, V., & Bauer, L. (1996). Antisocial personality disorder, childhood delinquency, and frontal brain functioning: EEG and neuropsychological findings. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52, 639–650. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ehlers, S., & Gillberg, C. (1993). The epidemiology of Asperger syndrome: A total population study. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1327–1350. Ehlers, S., & Gillberg, C. (1993). The epidemiology of Asperger syndrome: A total population study. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1327–1350.
go back to reference Elliott, C., & Gillett, G. (1992). Moral insanity and practical reason. Philosophical Psychology, 5, 53–67. CrossRef Elliott, C., & Gillett, G. (1992). Moral insanity and practical reason. Philosophical Psychology, 5, 53–67. CrossRef
go back to reference Ghaziuddin, M., Butler, E., Tsai, L., & Ghaziuddin, N. (1994). Is clumsiness a marker for Asperger’s syndrome? Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 38, 519–527. PubMedCrossRef Ghaziuddin, M., Butler, E., Tsai, L., & Ghaziuddin, N. (1994). Is clumsiness a marker for Asperger’s syndrome? Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 38, 519–527. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gillott, A., Furniss, F., & Walter, A. (2001). Anxiety in high-functioning children with autism. Autism, 5, 277–286. PubMedCrossRef Gillott, A., Furniss, F., & Walter, A. (2001). Anxiety in high-functioning children with autism. Autism, 5, 277–286. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mattes, J. A. (1980). The role of frontal lobe dysfunction in childhood hyperkinesis. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 21, 358–369. PubMedCrossRef Mattes, J. A. (1980). The role of frontal lobe dysfunction in childhood hyperkinesis. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 21, 358–369. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Millon, T., & Davis, R. D. (1996). Disorders of personality DSM-IV and beyond. New York: Wiley & Sons. Millon, T., & Davis, R. D. (1996). Disorders of personality DSM-IV and beyond. New York: Wiley & Sons.
go back to reference Ozonoff, S. (1997). Components of executive function in autism and other disorders. In J. Russell (Ed.), Autism as an executive disorder (pp. 179–211). New York: Oxford University Press. Ozonoff, S. (1997). Components of executive function in autism and other disorders. In J. Russell (Ed.), Autism as an executive disorder (pp. 179–211). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1991). Asperger syndrome: Evidence of an empirical distinction from high-functioning autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 1107–1122. PubMedCrossRef Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1991). Asperger syndrome: Evidence of an empirical distinction from high-functioning autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 1107–1122. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pennington, B. (2002). The development of psychopathology. New York: Guilford Press. Pennington, B. (2002). The development of psychopathology. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Pennington, B. F., & Ozonoff, S. (1996). EF and developmental psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 37, 51–87. CrossRef Pennington, B. F., & Ozonoff, S. (1996). EF and developmental psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 37, 51–87. CrossRef
go back to reference Pennington, B. F., Rogers, S. J., Bennetto, L., Griffith, E. M., Reed, D. T., & Shyu, V. (1997). Validity tests of the executive dysfunction hypothesis of autism. In J. Russell (Ed.), Autism as an executive disorder. New York: Oxford University Press. Pennington, B. F., Rogers, S. J., Bennetto, L., Griffith, E. M., Reed, D. T., & Shyu, V. (1997). Validity tests of the executive dysfunction hypothesis of autism. In J. Russell (Ed.), Autism as an executive disorder. New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Raine, A., Sheard, C., Reynolds, G. P., & Lencz, T. (1992). Pre-frontal structural and functional deficits associated with individual differences in schizotypal personality. Schizophrenia Research, 7, 237–247. PubMedCrossRef Raine, A., Sheard, C., Reynolds, G. P., & Lencz, T. (1992). Pre-frontal structural and functional deficits associated with individual differences in schizotypal personality. Schizophrenia Research, 7, 237–247. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rinehart, N. J., Bradshaw, J. L., Brereton, A. V., & Tonge, B. J. (2002). Lateralization in individuals with high-functioning autism and Asperger’s disorder: A frontostriatal model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 321–332. PubMedCrossRef Rinehart, N. J., Bradshaw, J. L., Brereton, A. V., & Tonge, B. J. (2002). Lateralization in individuals with high-functioning autism and Asperger’s disorder: A frontostriatal model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 321–332. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schopler, E., & Mesibov, G. B. (1998). Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism? New York: Plenum Press. Schopler, E., & Mesibov, G. B. (1998). Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism? New York: Plenum Press.
go back to reference Smalley, S. L., Kustanovih, V., Minassian, S. L., Stone, J. L., Ogdie, M. N., McGough, J. J., McCracken, J. T., MacPhie, I. L, Francks, C., Fisher, S. E., Cantor, R. M., Monaco, A. P., & Nelson, S. F. (2002). Genetic linkage of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on chromosome 16p13, in a region implicated in autism. American Journal of Human Genetics, 71, 959–963. PubMedCrossRef Smalley, S. L., Kustanovih, V., Minassian, S. L., Stone, J. L., Ogdie, M. N., McGough, J. J., McCracken, J. T., MacPhie, I. L, Francks, C., Fisher, S. E., Cantor, R. M., Monaco, A. P., & Nelson, S. F. (2002). Genetic linkage of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on chromosome 16p13, in a region implicated in autism. American Journal of Human Genetics, 71, 959–963. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stevenson, J. (1992). Evidence for a genetic etiology in hyperactivity in children. Behavior Genetics, 22, 337–344. PubMedCrossRef Stevenson, J. (1992). Evidence for a genetic etiology in hyperactivity in children. Behavior Genetics, 22, 337–344. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tantam, D. (2000). Adolescence and adulthood of individuals with Asperger syndrome. In A. Klin, F. R. Volkmar, & S. S. Sparrow, (Eds.), Asperger syndrome (pp. 367–399). New York: The Guilford Press. Tantam, D. (2000). Adolescence and adulthood of individuals with Asperger syndrome. In A. Klin, F. R. Volkmar, & S. S. Sparrow, (Eds.), Asperger syndrome (pp. 367–399). New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Tonge, B. J., Brereton, A. V., Gray, K. M., & Einfeld, S. L. (1999). Behavioural and emotional disturbance in high-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome. Autism, 3, 117–130. CrossRef Tonge, B. J., Brereton, A. V., Gray, K. M., & Einfeld, S. L. (1999). Behavioural and emotional disturbance in high-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome. Autism, 3, 117–130. CrossRef
go back to reference Wing, L. (1993). The definition and prevalence of autism: A review. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2, 61–74. CrossRef Wing, L. (1993). The definition and prevalence of autism: A review. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2, 61–74. CrossRef
go back to reference Wolff, S. (2000). Schizoid personality in childhood and Asperger syndrome. In A. Klin, & F. R. Volkmar, (Eds.), Asperger syndrome (pp. 278–305). New York: The Guilford Press. Wolff, S. (2000). Schizoid personality in childhood and Asperger syndrome. In A. Klin, & F. R. Volkmar, (Eds.), Asperger syndrome (pp. 278–305). New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference World Health Organization (1992). ICD: The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders—clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: WHO. World Health Organization (1992). ICD: The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders—clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: WHO.
go back to reference Zametkin, A. J., & Rapoport, J. L. (1986). The pathophysiology of attention deficit disorders. In B.B. Lahey, & A. E. Kadzin, (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology. New York: Plenum. Zametkin, A. J., & Rapoport, J. L. (1986). The pathophysiology of attention deficit disorders. In B.B. Lahey, & A. E. Kadzin, (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology. New York: Plenum.
Metagegevens
Titel
Psychological and Neurobehavioral Comparisons of Children with Asperger’s Disorder Versus High-Functioning Autism
Auteurs
Linda L. Thede
Frederick L. Coolidge
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0212-0