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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2020

24-02-2020 | Original Paper

Psychiatric and Medical Profiles of Autistic Adults in the SPARK Cohort

Auteurs: Eric Fombonne, LeeAnne Green Snyder, Amy Daniels, Pamela Feliciano, Wendy Chung, The SPARK Consortium

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2020

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Abstract

This study examined lifetime medical and psychiatric morbidity reported by caregivers of 2917 autistic adults participating in the US research cohort SPARK. Participants were 78.4% male, 47.3% had intellectual disability, and 32.1% had persistent language impairments. Childhood language disorders (59.7%), speech/articulation problems (32.8%), sleep (39.4%) and eating problems (29.4%), motor delays (22.8%) and history of seizure (15.5%) were the most frequently reported clinical features. Over two thirds (67.2%) had been diagnosed with at least one psychiatric disorder (anxiety disorders: 41.1%; ADHD: 38.7%). Compared to verbally fluent participants, those with language impairments had lower frequencies of almost all psychiatric disorders. Female sex and older age were associated with higher medical and psychiatric morbidity.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Psychiatric and Medical Profiles of Autistic Adults in the SPARK Cohort
Auteurs
Eric Fombonne
LeeAnne Green Snyder
Amy Daniels
Pamela Feliciano
Wendy Chung
The SPARK Consortium
Publicatiedatum
24-02-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2020
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04414-6