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16-10-2018 | Empirical Research | Uitgave 4/2019

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 4/2019

Protective Factors Associated with Daily Affective Reactivity and Instability During Adolescence

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Youth and Adolescence > Uitgave 4/2019
Auteurs:
Anna Vannucci, Laura Finan, Christine McCauley Ohannessian, Howard Tennen, Andres De Los Reyes, Songqi Liu

Abstract

The daily emotional experiences of adolescents are dynamic, vary significantly across individuals, and are crucial to their psychological adjustment, warranting a need to identify factors that promote adaptive affective responses to stressors and attenuated affective instability. The objective of this study, therefore, was to examine protective factors linked to individual differences in daily affective reactivity and instability utilizing a daily diary design in a national sample of 100 U.S. adolescents (13–17 years; 40% girls; 79% White). Adolescents completed a baseline survey and then 14 daily online surveys. Better mother-adolescent communication predicted lower negative affect reactivity, whereas greater use of problem-focused coping strategies predicted higher positive affect reactivity. Greater trait resilience and instrumental support seeking predicted lower negative affect instability. Conversely, more emotional support seeking predicted higher negative affect instability. No factors were associated with positive affect instability, and father-adolescent communication was unrelated to daily affective reactivity and instability. The findings implicate specific protective factors associated with distinct aspects of affective reactivity and instability.

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