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01-02-2010

Protective Effects of Maternal and Peer Support on Depressive Symptoms during Adolescence

Auteurs: Christine A. Vaughan, Vangie A. Foshee, Susan T. Ennett

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2010

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Abstract

The current study examined the contributions of maternal and peer support to depressive symptoms in early to mid-adolescence and variation in these contributions across age, gender, and race. Five waves of data on maternal support, peer support, and depressive symptoms were collected on rural youth (N = 3,444) at 6 month intervals. Multilevel modeling was used to evaluate within and between-person effects of maternal and peer support on depressive symptoms. Within-person effects of peer support did not vary by age, gender, or race. At the between-person level, peer support predicted levels of depressive symptoms at age 12, but this effect became nonsignificant after controlling for maternal support. Within-person effects of maternal support did not vary with age but were qualified by gender and race. Between-person effects of maternal support on depressive symptom levels at age 12 and slopes varied across race and gender, respectively. Findings highlight the robustness of the protective effects of maternal and peer support during adolescence among girls and white youth.
Voetnoten
1
To explore the possibility that peer and maternal support interact to predict depressive symptoms, a block of two-way interactions between the within-subjects effects of peer support and each of the within and between-subjects effects of maternal support and between the between-subjects effects of peer support and each of the within and between-subjects effects of maternal support was evaluated. In another block of three-way interactions, age was included in each of these four interaction terms. Neither of these blocks was significant at p < 0.05 (nor were any of the individual interaction terms in each block), indicating that peer and maternal support did not interact to predict initial levels of or growth in depressive symptoms.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Protective Effects of Maternal and Peer Support on Depressive Symptoms during Adolescence
Auteurs
Christine A. Vaughan
Vangie A. Foshee
Susan T. Ennett
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2010
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9362-9

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