Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 3/2016

21-03-2016 | LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Protection as the Mirror Image of Psychopathology: Further Critical Notes on the Self-Compassion Scale

Auteurs: Peter Muris, Henry Otgaar, Nicola Petrocchi

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 3/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Excerpt

Self-compassion can be defined as the tendency to be caring, warm, and understanding towards oneself when faced with personal shortcomings, problems, or failures. Kristin Neff certainly should be applauded for her seminal work on self-compassion. That is, she was the first putting this self-related construct on the scientific agenda and publishing a considerable amount of theoretical and empirical articles on this topic. From the start, Neff ( 2003a) has persisted in a conceptualization of self-compassion mainly drawn from writings of Buddhist teachers, postulating that the construct essentially consists of three core components. The first component is self-kindness and refers to the tendency to be kind to and understanding with oneself when confronted with personal disappointments. The second component is common humanity, which deals with recognizing that one’s failures and problems are an integral part of human life. The third and final component is mindfulness and relates to the ability of not becoming too absorbed with personal problems but rather to keep a balanced view on the positive and negative experiences in life. Self-compassion nicely fits within the current positive psychology trend, because it can be regarded as a protective factor that fosters resilience in the face of adversity and stress. Indeed, studies on self-compassion are steadily increasing, especially in the field of clinical psychology and psychiatry. In general, this work indicates that higher levels of self-compassion are associated with lower levels of anxiety and depression (MacBeth and Gumley 2012) as well as a wide variety of other psychopathological symptoms (e.g., posttraumatic stress, psychosis, addiction, disruptive behavior, and eating problems; Muris and Petrocchi 2016). …
Literatuur
go back to reference Albertson, E. R., Neff, K. D., & Dill-Shackleford, K. E. (2015). Self-compassion and body dissatisfaction in women: a randomized controlled trial of a brief meditation intervention. Mindfulness, 6, 444–454. CrossRef Albertson, E. R., Neff, K. D., & Dill-Shackleford, K. E. (2015). Self-compassion and body dissatisfaction in women: a randomized controlled trial of a brief meditation intervention. Mindfulness, 6, 444–454. CrossRef
go back to reference Arimitsu, K. (2014). Development and validation of the Japanese version of the Self-Compassion Scale. Japanese Journal of Psychology, 85, 50–59. CrossRefPubMed Arimitsu, K. (2014). Development and validation of the Japanese version of the Self-Compassion Scale. Japanese Journal of Psychology, 85, 50–59. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Azizi, A., Mohammadkhani, P., Lotfi, S., & Bahramkhani, M. (2013). The validity and reliability of the Iranian version of the Self-Compassion Scale. Iranian Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2, 17–23. Azizi, A., Mohammadkhani, P., Lotfi, S., & Bahramkhani, M. (2013). The validity and reliability of the Iranian version of the Self-Compassion Scale. Iranian Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2, 17–23.
go back to reference Castilho, P., Pinto‐Gouveia, J., & Duarte, J. (2015). Exploring self‐criticism: confirmatory factor analysis of the FSCRS in clinical and nonclinical samples. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 22, 153–164. CrossRefPubMed Castilho, P., Pinto‐Gouveia, J., & Duarte, J. (2015). Exploring self‐criticism: confirmatory factor analysis of the FSCRS in clinical and nonclinical samples. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 22, 153–164. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chen, J., Yan, L., & Zhou, L. (2011). Reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Self-Compassion Scale. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19, 734–736. Chen, J., Yan, L., & Zhou, L. (2011). Reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Self-Compassion Scale. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19, 734–736.
go back to reference Garcia-Campayo, J., Navarro-Gil, M., Andrés, E., Montero-Marin, J., López-Artal, L., & Marcos Piva Demarzo, M. (2014). Validation of the Spanish versions of the long (26 items) and short (12 items) forms of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 12, 4. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Garcia-Campayo, J., Navarro-Gil, M., Andrés, E., Montero-Marin, J., López-Artal, L., & Marcos Piva Demarzo, M. (2014). Validation of the Spanish versions of the long (26 items) and short (12 items) forms of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 12, 4. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Holzinger, K. J., & Swineford, S. (1937). The bi-factor method. Psychometrika, 47, 41–54. CrossRef Holzinger, K. J., & Swineford, S. (1937). The bi-factor method. Psychometrika, 47, 41–54. CrossRef
go back to reference Hupfeld, J., & Ruffieux, N. (2011). Validierung einer deutschen version der Self-Compassion Scale (SCS-D) (Validation of a German version of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS-D)). Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 40, 115–123. CrossRef Hupfeld, J., & Ruffieux, N. (2011). Validierung einer deutschen version der Self-Compassion Scale (SCS-D) (Validation of a German version of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS-D)). Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 40, 115–123. CrossRef
go back to reference Lee, W. K., & Lee, K. (2010). The validation study of the Korean version of the Self-Compassion Scale with adult women in the community. Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 49, 193–200. Lee, W. K., & Lee, K. (2010). The validation study of the Korean version of the Self-Compassion Scale with adult women in the community. Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 49, 193–200.
go back to reference Lopez, A., Sanderman, R., Smink, A., Zhang, Y., van Sonderen, E., Ranchor, A., & Schroevers, M. J. (2015). A reconsideration of the Self-Compassion Scale’s total score: self-compassion versus self-criticism. PloS One, 10, e0132940. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Lopez, A., Sanderman, R., Smink, A., Zhang, Y., van Sonderen, E., Ranchor, A., & Schroevers, M. J. (2015). A reconsideration of the Self-Compassion Scale’s total score: self-compassion versus self-criticism. PloS One, 10, e0132940. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lyubomirsky, S., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1995). Effects of self-focused rumination on negative thinking and interpersonal problem solving. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 176–190. CrossRefPubMed Lyubomirsky, S., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1995). Effects of self-focused rumination on negative thinking and interpersonal problem solving. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 176–190. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference MacBeth, A., & Gumley, A. (2012). Exploring compassion: a meta-analysis of the association between self-compassion and psychopathology. Clinical Psychology Review, 32, 545–552. CrossRefPubMed MacBeth, A., & Gumley, A. (2012). Exploring compassion: a meta-analysis of the association between self-compassion and psychopathology. Clinical Psychology Review, 32, 545–552. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mantzios, M., Wilson, J. C., & Giannou, K. (2015). Psychometric properties of the Greek versions of the Self-Compassion and Mindful Attention and Awareness Scales. Mindfulness, 6, 123–132. CrossRef Mantzios, M., Wilson, J. C., & Giannou, K. (2015). Psychometric properties of the Greek versions of the Self-Compassion and Mindful Attention and Awareness Scales. Mindfulness, 6, 123–132. CrossRef
go back to reference Miller, A. (2008). A critique of positive psychology—or ‘the new science of happiness’. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 42, 591–608. CrossRef Miller, A. (2008). A critique of positive psychology—or ‘the new science of happiness’. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 42, 591–608. CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2003a). Self-compassion: an alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2, 85–101. CrossRef Neff, K. D. (2003a). Self-compassion: an alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2, 85–101. CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2003b). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223–250. CrossRef Neff, K. D. (2003b). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223–250. CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2016). The Self-Compassion Scale is a valid and theoretically coherent measure of self-compassion. Mindfulness, 7, 264–274. CrossRef Neff, K. D. (2016). The Self-Compassion Scale is a valid and theoretically coherent measure of self-compassion. Mindfulness, 7, 264–274. CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D., & Faso, D. J. (2015). Self-compassion and well-being in parents of children with autism. Mindfulness, 6, 938–947. CrossRef Neff, K. D., & Faso, D. J. (2015). Self-compassion and well-being in parents of children with autism. Mindfulness, 6, 938–947. CrossRef
go back to reference Petrocchi, N., Ottaviani, C., & Couyoumdjian, A. (2014). Dimensionality of self-compassion: translation and construct validation of the self-compassion scale in an Italian sample. Journal of Mental Health, 23, 72–77. CrossRefPubMed Petrocchi, N., Ottaviani, C., & Couyoumdjian, A. (2014). Dimensionality of self-compassion: translation and construct validation of the self-compassion scale in an Italian sample. Journal of Mental Health, 23, 72–77. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K. D., & Van Gucht, D. (2011). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the self-compassion scale. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 18, 250–255. CrossRefPubMed Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K. D., & Van Gucht, D. (2011). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the self-compassion scale. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 18, 250–255. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Reise, S., Moore, T., & Haviland, M. (2010). Bifactor models and rotations: exploring the extent to which multidimensional data yield univocal scale scores. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 544–559. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Reise, S., Moore, T., & Haviland, M. (2010). Bifactor models and rotations: exploring the extent to which multidimensional data yield univocal scale scores. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 544–559. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., & Coplan, R. J. (2004). Paying attention to and not neglecting social withdrawal and social isolation. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 50, 506–534. CrossRef Rubin, K. H., & Coplan, R. J. (2004). Paying attention to and not neglecting social withdrawal and social isolation. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 50, 506–534. CrossRef
go back to reference Williams, M. J., Dalgleish, T., Karl, A., & Kuyken, W. (2014). Examining the factor structures of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and the Self-Compassion Scale. Psychological Assessment, 26, 407–418. CrossRefPubMed Williams, M. J., Dalgleish, T., Karl, A., & Kuyken, W. (2014). Examining the factor structures of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and the Self-Compassion Scale. Psychological Assessment, 26, 407–418. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zuroff, D. C., Igreja, I., & Mongrain, M. (1990). Dysfunctional attitudes, dependency, and self-criticism as predictors of depressive mood states: a 12-month longitudinal study. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 315–326. CrossRef Zuroff, D. C., Igreja, I., & Mongrain, M. (1990). Dysfunctional attitudes, dependency, and self-criticism as predictors of depressive mood states: a 12-month longitudinal study. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 315–326. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Protection as the Mirror Image of Psychopathology: Further Critical Notes on the Self-Compassion Scale
Auteurs
Peter Muris
Henry Otgaar
Nicola Petrocchi
Publicatiedatum
21-03-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 3/2016
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-016-0509-9