Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Previous analyses of data from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development (PYD) have examined concurrent trajectories of positive development and risk/problem behaviors among adolescents, finding complex and not necessarily inverse relationships among them. In this article, we expand on prior research by employing a person-centered approach to modeling risk behaviors, assessing development from approximately 6th grade through 12th grade among 4,391 adolescents (59.9 % female). Latent profiles involving the problematic behaviors of delinquency, depressive symptoms, substance use, sexual activity, disordered eating behaviors, and bullying were then assessed for concurrent relationships with the Five Cs of PYD: Competence, Confidence, Character, Caring, and Connection. We found six latent profiles, based primarily on mental health, aggression, and alcohol use, with significant differences in Confidence levels among many of the profiles, as well as some differences in the four other Cs. We discuss directions for future research and implications for application to youth policies and programs.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Asparouhov, T., & Muthén, B. O. (2013). Auxiliary variables in mixture modeling: A 3-step approach using Mplus. Mplus Web Notes, 15, 1–48.
Benson, P. L., Mannes, M., Pittman, K., & Ferber, T. (2004). Youth development, developmental assets and public policy. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (2nd ed., pp. 781–814). New York, NY: Wiley.
Collins, L. M., & Lanza, S. T. (2010). Latent class and latent transition analysis: With applications in the social, behavioral, and health sciences. New York, NY: Wiley.
Crockett, L. J., Raffaelli, M., & Shen, Y. L. (2006). Linking self-regulation and risk proneness to risky sexual behavior: Pathways through peer pressure and early substance use. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16(4), 503–525. CrossRef
Diamond, L. M., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2009). Adolescent sexuality. In L. Steinberg & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed., pp. 479–523). New York: Wiley.
Diego, M. A., Field, T. M., & Sanders, C. E. (2003). Academic performance, popularity, and depression predict adolescent substance abuse. Adolescence, 38, 35–42. PubMed
Dworkin, J. (2005). Risk taking as developmentally appropriate experimentation for college students. Journal of Adolescent Research, 20(2), 219–241. CrossRef
Garner, D. M., Olmstead, M. P., & Polivy, J. (1983). Development and validation of a multidimensional eating disorder inventory for anorexia nervosa and bulimina. International Journal of Eating Disorder, 2, 15–34. CrossRef
Geldhof, G. J., Bowers, E. P., Mueller, M. K., Napolitano, C. M., Schmid, K. L., & Lerner, R. M. (2014). Longitudinal analysis of a very short measure of positive youth development. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. doi: 10.1007/s10964-014-0093-z.
Hamilton, S. F. (1999). A three-part definition of positive youth development. Unpublished manuscript. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.
Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., & Bachman, J. G. (2001). Monitoring the future national survey results on drug use, 1975–2000. Volume I: Secondary school students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Jung, T., & Wickrama, K. A. (2008). An introduction to latent class growth analysis and growth mixture modeling. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 302–317. CrossRef
Leffert, N., Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C., Sharma, A. R., Drake, D. R., Dale, A., et al. (1998). Developmental assets: Measurement and prediction of risk behaviors among adolescents developmental assets. Applied Developmental Science, 2(4), 37–41.
Lerner, R. M. (1984). On the nature of human plasticity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Lerner, R. M. (2005). Promoting positive youth development: Theoretical and empirical bases. White paper prepared for the Workshop on the Science of Adolescent Health and Development, National Research Council/Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: National Academies of Science.
Lerner, R. M. (2011). Structure and process in relational, developmental systems theories: A commentary on contemporary changes in the understanding of developmental change across the life span. Human Development, 54(1), 34–43. CrossRef
Lerner, J. V., Bowers, E. P., Minor, K., Lewin-Bizan, S., Boyd, M. J., Mueller, M. K. et al. (2013). Positive youth development: Processes, philosophies, and programs. In R. M. Lerner, M. A., Easterbrooks, & J. Mistry (Eds.), Handbook of psychology, Volume 6: Developmental psychology (2nd ed.). Editor-in-chief: I. B. Weiner. (pp. 365–392). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Lerner, J. V., Phelps, E., Forman, Y., & Bowers, E. P. (2009a). Positive youth development. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 524–558). New York: Wiley. CrossRef
Lerner, R. M., von Eye, A., Lerner, J. V., & Lewin-Bizan, S. (2009b). Exploring the foundations and functions of adolescent thriving within the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development: A view of the issues. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30(5), 567–570. CrossRef
Lo, B. Y., Mendell, N. R., & Rubin, D. B. (2001). Testing the number of components in a normal mixture. Biometrika, 88(3), 767–778. CrossRef
Mayeux, L., Sandstrom, M. J., & Cillessen, A. H. N. (2008). Is being popular a risky proposition? Journal of Research on Adolescence, 18(1), 49–74. CrossRef
McLachlan, G. L., & Peel, D. (2000). Finite mixture models. New York, NY: Wiley. CrossRef
Molenaar, P. C. M., & Nesselroade, J. R. (2009). The recoverability of P-technique factor analysis. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 44(1), 130–141. CrossRef
Muthén, B. O., & Muthén, L. K. (2000). The development of heavy drinking from age 18-37 in a U.S. national sample. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 61, 290–300. PubMed
Nylund, K. L., Asparouhov, T., & Muthén, B. O. (2007). Deciding on the number of classes in latent class analysis and growth mixture modeling: A Monte Carlo simulation study. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 14(4), 535–569. CrossRef
Olweus, D. (1996). The revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire. Bergen: Mimeo, Research Center for Health Promotion (HEMIL), University of Bergen.
Overton, W. F. (2013). Relationism and relational developmental systems: A paradigm for developmental science in the post-Cartesian era. In R. M. Lerner & P. L. Benson (Eds.), Advances in Child Development and Behavior, 44, 21–64.
Phelps, E., Balsano, A. B., Fay, K. E., Peltz, J. S., Zimmerman, S. M., Lerner, R. M., et al. (2007). Nuances in early adolescent developmental trajectories of positive and problematic/risk behaviors: Findings from the 4-H study of positive youth development. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 16(2), 473–496. PubMedCrossRef
Pittman, K., Irby, M., & Ferber, T. (2001). Unfinished business: Further reflections on a decade of promoting youth development. Trends in youth development: Visions, realities and challenges, 6, 4–50.
Post, A., Gilljam, H., Bremberg, S., & Galanti, M. R. (2012). Psychosocial determinants of attrition in a longitudinal study of tobacco use in youth. The Scientific World Journal, 2012, 654030. doi: 10.1100/2012/654030
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385–401. CrossRef
Rubin, K.H., Bukowski, W., & Parker, J. G. (1998). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. In Handbook of Child Psychology (5th ed.), Volume 3: Social, emotional, and personality development. (pp. 619–700). New York, NY: Wiley.
Schaie, K. W., & Strother, C. R. (1968). The effect of time and cohort differences on the interpretation of age changes in cognitive behavior. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 3(3), 259–293. CrossRef
Schulenberg, J. E. (2006). Understanding the multiple contexts of adolescent risky behavior and positive development: Advances and future directions. Applied Developmental Science, 10(2), 107–113. CrossRef
Schulenberg, J. E., & Maggs, J. L. (2002). A Developmental perspective on alcohol use and heavy drinking during adolescence and the transition to young adulthood. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. Supplement, 14, 54–70. PubMed
Schwartz, S. J., Phelps, E., Lerner, J. V., Huang, S., Brown, C. H., Lewin-Bizan, S., et al. (2010). Promotion as prevention: Positive youth development as protective against tobacco, alcohol, illicit drug, and sex initiation. Applied Developmental Science, 14(4), 197–211. CrossRef
Schwarz, G. (1978). Estimating the dimension of a model. The Annals of Statistics, 6(2), 461–464. CrossRef
Solberg, M. E., & Olweus, D. (2003). Prevalence estimation of school bullying with the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire. Aggressive Behavior, 29, 239–268. CrossRef
Tucker, J. S., Ellickson, P. L., Orlando, M., Martino, S. C., & Klein, D. J. (2005). Substance use trajectories from early adolescence to emerging adulthood: A comparison of smoking, binge drinking, and marijuana use. Journal of Drug Issues, 35(2), 307–332. CrossRef
Wiesner, M., & Windle, M. (2004). Assessing covariates of adolescent delinquency trajectories: A latent growth mixture modeling approach. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33(5), 431–442. CrossRef
Zimmerman, S. M., Phelps, E., & Lerner, R. M. (2008). Positive and negative developmental trajectories in U.S. adolescents: Where the positive youth development perspective meets the deficit model. Research in Human Development, 5(3), 153–165. CrossRef
- Profiles of Problematic Behaviors Across Adolescence: Covariations with Indicators of Positive Youth Development
Miriam R. Arbeit
Sara K. Johnson
Robey B. Champine
Kathleen N. Greenman
Jacqueline V. Lerner
Richard M. Lerner
- Springer US