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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 3/2018

17-11-2017 | Original Paper

Profiles of Contextual Risk at Birth and Adolescent Substance Use

Auteurs: Gilbert R. Parra, Gail L. Smith, W. Alex Mason, Jukka Savolainen, Mary B. Chmelka, Jouko Miettunen, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Irma Moilanen, Juha Veijola

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 3/2018

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Abstract

This study examined whether there are subgroups of families with distinct profiles of prenatal/birth contextual risk, and whether subgroup membership was differentially related to adolescent substance use. Data from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 were used. A five-class model provided the most meaningful solution. Large Family Size (7.72%) and Low Risk (69.69%) groups had the lowest levels of alcohol, cigarette, and illegal drug use. Similar high levels for each of the three substance-related outcomes were found for Parent Substance Misuse (11.20%), Maternal School Dropout (4.66%), and Socioeconomic Disadvantage (6.72%) groups. Maternal smoking and drinking while pregnant and paternal heavy alcohol use were found to be key prenatal risk factors that tended to cluster together and co-occur with other prenatal risk factors differently for different subgroups of youth.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Profiles of Contextual Risk at Birth and Adolescent Substance Use
Auteurs
Gilbert R. Parra
Gail L. Smith
W. Alex Mason
Jukka Savolainen
Mary B. Chmelka
Jouko Miettunen
Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Irma Moilanen
Juha Veijola
Publicatiedatum
17-11-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 3/2018
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-017-0935-x