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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 8/2018

02-03-2018 | Original Paper

Processing Speed is Impaired in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Relates to Social Communication Abilities

Auteurs: Sarah M. Haigh, Jennifer A. Walsh, Carla A. Mazefsky, Nancy J. Minshew, Shaun M. Eack

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2018

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Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by a variety of social and non-social behavioral deficits. One potential mechanism that could unify this diverse profile of behaviors is slower processing speed. Seventy-six high-functioning adults with ASD were compared to 64 matched controls on standardized measures of processing speed. Participants with ASD were significantly slower on all measures, and on the composite score from the three tests (d’s > .65). ASD participants with slower processing speeds scored higher on the ADOS Communication and Reciprocal Social Interaction scale (r = .34). These findings provide evidence of slower processing speeds in adults with ASD, and that this may be contributing to impairments in social communication skills. Interventions that improve processing speed might improve social communication abilities in ASD.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Processing Speed is Impaired in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Relates to Social Communication Abilities
Auteurs
Sarah M. Haigh
Jennifer A. Walsh
Carla A. Mazefsky
Nancy J. Minshew
Shaun M. Eack
Publicatiedatum
02-03-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3515-z