Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2011

01-12-2011 | Original Paper

Problem Behaviors in Adolescence: The Opposite Role Played by Insecure Attachment and Commitment Strength

Auteurs: Ugo Pace, Carla Zappulla

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 6/2011

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

In this study we examined the relations between insecure attachment styles, commitment and behavioral problems, focusing on the unique and common contribution that avoidant and anxious styles and commitment made to internalizing and externalizing problems. 535 adolescents, 267 boys and 268 girls, aged from 16 to 18 years, completed self-report measures of attachment, identity and problem behaviors. The data showed that both internalizing and externalizing problems were positively related to insecure attachment styles and negatively to commitment. Results supported a unique contribution of both insecure styles to the prediction of internalizing and externalizing problems, whereas commitment negatively predicted only internalizing behaviors. The data supported a joint effect of avoidant attachment and commitment such that commitment contributed to moderate the display of internalizing and externalizing problems among avoidant adolescents.
Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach, T., & Edelbrock, C. (1987). The manual for the youth self-report and profile. Burlington: University of Vermont. Achenbach, T., & Edelbrock, C. (1987). The manual for the youth self-report and profile. Burlington: University of Vermont.
go back to reference Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
go back to reference Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Allen, J. P., Aber, J. L., & Leadbeater, B. J. (1990). Adolescent problem behaviours: The influence of attachment and autonomy. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 13, 455–467. PubMed Allen, J. P., Aber, J. L., & Leadbeater, B. J. (1990). Adolescent problem behaviours: The influence of attachment and autonomy. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 13, 455–467. PubMed
go back to reference Allen, J. P., Hauser, S. T., & Borman-Spurrell, E. (1996). Attachment theory as a framework for understanding sequelae of severe adolescent psychopathology: An 11-year follow-up study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 254–263. PubMedCrossRef Allen, J. P., Hauser, S. T., & Borman-Spurrell, E. (1996). Attachment theory as a framework for understanding sequelae of severe adolescent psychopathology: An 11-year follow-up study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 254–263. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Relationships to well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 427–454. CrossRef Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Relationships to well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 427–454. CrossRef
go back to reference Balistreri, E., Bush-Rossnagel, N., & Geisinger, K. (1995). Development and preliminary validation of the Ego Identity Process Questionnaire. Journal of Adolescence, 18, 179–192. CrossRef Balistreri, E., Bush-Rossnagel, N., & Geisinger, K. (1995). Development and preliminary validation of the Ego Identity Process Questionnaire. Journal of Adolescence, 18, 179–192. CrossRef
go back to reference Bartholomew, K. (1990). Avoidance of intimacy: An attachment perspective. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 147–178. CrossRef Bartholomew, K. (1990). Avoidance of intimacy: An attachment perspective. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 147–178. CrossRef
go back to reference Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M. (1991). Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four category model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226–244. PubMedCrossRef Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M. (1991). Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four category model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226–244. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bartholomew, K., & Shaver, P. R. (1998). Methods of assessing adult attachment: Do they converge? In J. A. Simpson & W. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Bartholomew, K., & Shaver, P. R. (1998). Methods of assessing adult attachment: Do they converge? In J. A. Simpson & W. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Berman, S. L., Weems, C. F., Rodriguez, E., & Zamora, I. (2006). Exploring the link between identity and attachment. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 737–748. PubMedCrossRef Berman, S. L., Weems, C. F., Rodriguez, E., & Zamora, I. (2006). Exploring the link between identity and attachment. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 737–748. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Berzonsky, M. D. (2004). Identity style, parental authority, and identity commitment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 213–220. CrossRef Berzonsky, M. D. (2004). Identity style, parental authority, and identity commitment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 213–220. CrossRef
go back to reference Bosma, H. A., & Kunnen, E. S. (2001). Determinants and mechanisms in identity development: A review and synthesis. Developmental Review, 21, 39–66. CrossRef Bosma, H. A., & Kunnen, E. S. (2001). Determinants and mechanisms in identity development: A review and synthesis. Developmental Review, 21, 39–66. CrossRef
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books. Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books.
go back to reference Buist, K. L., Dekovic, M., Meeus, W., & Van Aken, M. A. G. (2004). The reciprocal relationship between early adolescent attachment and internalizing and externalizing problem behaviour. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 251–266. PubMedCrossRef Buist, K. L., Dekovic, M., Meeus, W., & Van Aken, M. A. G. (2004). The reciprocal relationship between early adolescent attachment and internalizing and externalizing problem behaviour. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 251–266. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Collins, N. L., & Feeney, B. C. (2000). A safe haven: Support-seeking and caregiving processes in intimate relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 1053–1073. PubMedCrossRef Collins, N. L., & Feeney, B. C. (2000). A safe haven: Support-seeking and caregiving processes in intimate relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 1053–1073. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cummings, E. M., & Cicchetti, D. (1990). Toward a transactional model of relations between attachment and depression. In M. T. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. M. Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years. Chicago: University. Cummings, E. M., & Cicchetti, D. (1990). Toward a transactional model of relations between attachment and depression. In M. T. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. M. Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years. Chicago: University.
go back to reference Donovan, J. E., Jessor, R., & Costa, F. M. (1988). Syndrome of problem behavior in adolescence: A replication. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 762–765. PubMedCrossRef Donovan, J. E., Jessor, R., & Costa, F. M. (1988). Syndrome of problem behavior in adolescence: A replication. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 762–765. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: Norton. Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: Norton.
go back to reference Feeney, J. A., Noller, P., & Hanrahan, M. (1994). Assessing adult attachment. In M. B. Sperling & W. H. Berhman (Eds.), Attachment in adults: Clinical and developmental perspectives. N.Y: Guilford Press. Feeney, J. A., Noller, P., & Hanrahan, M. (1994). Assessing adult attachment. In M. B. Sperling & W. H. Berhman (Eds.), Attachment in adults: Clinical and developmental perspectives. N.Y: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Fossati, A., Feeney, J. A., Donati, D., Donini, M., Novella, L., Bagnato, M., et al. (2003). On the dimensionality of attachment style questionnaire in Italian clinical and non clinical participants. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20, 55–79. Fossati, A., Feeney, J. A., Donati, D., Donini, M., Novella, L., Bagnato, M., et al. (2003). On the dimensionality of attachment style questionnaire in Italian clinical and non clinical participants. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20, 55–79.
go back to reference Grotevant, H. D. (1997). Toward a process model of identity formation. Journal of Adolescent Research, 2, 203–222. CrossRef Grotevant, H. D. (1997). Toward a process model of identity formation. Journal of Adolescent Research, 2, 203–222. CrossRef
go back to reference Havighurst, R. J. (1953). Human development and education. Longmans: New York. Havighurst, R. J. (1953). Human development and education. Longmans: New York.
go back to reference Hawdon, J. (1996). Deviant lifestyles: The social control of daily routines. Youth and Society, 28, 162–188. CrossRef Hawdon, J. (1996). Deviant lifestyles: The social control of daily routines. Youth and Society, 28, 162–188. CrossRef
go back to reference Hoegh, D. G., & Bourgeois, M. J. (2002). Prelude and postlude to the self: Correlates of achieved identity. Youth and Society, 33, 573–594. CrossRef Hoegh, D. G., & Bourgeois, M. J. (2002). Prelude and postlude to the self: Correlates of achieved identity. Youth and Society, 33, 573–594. CrossRef
go back to reference Holmbeck, G. N. (2002). Post-hoc probing of significant moderational and mediational effects in studies of pediatric populations. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 27, 87–96. PubMedCrossRef Holmbeck, G. N. (2002). Post-hoc probing of significant moderational and mediational effects in studies of pediatric populations. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 27, 87–96. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hopwood, C. J., & Grilo, C. M. (2010). Internalizing and externalizing personality dimensions and clinical problems in adolescents. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 41, 398–408. PubMedCrossRef Hopwood, C. J., & Grilo, C. M. (2010). Internalizing and externalizing personality dimensions and clinical problems in adolescents. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 41, 398–408. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kobak, R. R., & Sceery, A. (1988). Attachment in later adolescence: Working models, affect regulation, and representations of self and others. Child Development, 59, 135–146. PubMedCrossRef Kobak, R. R., & Sceery, A. (1988). Attachment in later adolescence: Working models, affect regulation, and representations of self and others. Child Development, 59, 135–146. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kunnen, S., Sappa, V., van Geert, P., & Bonica, L. (2008). The shapes of commitment development in emerging adulthood. Journal of Adult Development, 15, 113–131. CrossRef Kunnen, S., Sappa, V., van Geert, P., & Bonica, L. (2008). The shapes of commitment development in emerging adulthood. Journal of Adult Development, 15, 113–131. CrossRef
go back to reference Laible, D. J., Carlo, G., & Raffaelli, M. (2000). The differential relations of parent and peer attachment to adolescent adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29, 45–60. CrossRef Laible, D. J., Carlo, G., & Raffaelli, M. (2000). The differential relations of parent and peer attachment to adolescent adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29, 45–60. CrossRef
go back to reference Leadbeater, B. J., Kuperminc, G. P., Blatt, S. J., & Hertzog, C. (1999). A multivariate model of gender differences in adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problems. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1268–1282. PubMedCrossRef Leadbeater, B. J., Kuperminc, G. P., Blatt, S. J., & Hertzog, C. (1999). A multivariate model of gender differences in adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problems. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1268–1282. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lopez, F. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). Dynamic processes underlying adult attachment organization: Toward an attachment theoretical perspective on the healthy and effective self. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47, 283–300. CrossRef Lopez, F. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). Dynamic processes underlying adult attachment organization: Toward an attachment theoretical perspective on the healthy and effective self. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47, 283–300. CrossRef
go back to reference Marcia, J. E. (1980). Identity in adolescence. In J. Adelson (Ed.), Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York: Wiley. Marcia, J. E. (1980). Identity in adolescence. In J. Adelson (Ed.), Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Marcia, J. E. (1993). The ego identity status approach to ego identity. In J. E. Marcia, A. S. Watermann, D. R. Matteson, S. L. Archer, & J. L. Orlowsky (Eds.), Ego identity. New York: Springer. CrossRef Marcia, J. E. (1993). The ego identity status approach to ego identity. In J. E. Marcia, A. S. Watermann, D. R. Matteson, S. L. Archer, & J. L. Orlowsky (Eds.), Ego identity. New York: Springer. CrossRef
go back to reference Marcus, R. F., & Betzer, P. D. S. (1996). Attachment and antisocial behavior in early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 16, 229–248. CrossRef Marcus, R. F., & Betzer, P. D. S. (1996). Attachment and antisocial behavior in early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 16, 229–248. CrossRef
go back to reference Mathijssen, J. J. P., Koot, H. M., & Verhulst, F. C. (1999). Predicting change in problem behavior from child and family characteristics and stress in referred children and adolescents. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 305–320. PubMedCrossRef Mathijssen, J. J. P., Koot, H. M., & Verhulst, F. C. (1999). Predicting change in problem behavior from child and family characteristics and stress in referred children and adolescents. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 305–320. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Meeus, W. (1996). Studies on identity development in adolescence: An overview of research and some new data. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 15, 569–598. CrossRef Meeus, W. (1996). Studies on identity development in adolescence: An overview of research and some new data. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 15, 569–598. CrossRef
go back to reference Meeus, W., Iedema, J., Helsen, M., & Vollebergh, W. (1999). Patterns of adolescent identity development: Review of literature and longitudinal analysis. Developmental Review, 19, 419–461. CrossRef Meeus, W., Iedema, J., Helsen, M., & Vollebergh, W. (1999). Patterns of adolescent identity development: Review of literature and longitudinal analysis. Developmental Review, 19, 419–461. CrossRef
go back to reference Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Life-course-persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674–701. PubMedCrossRef Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Life-course-persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674–701. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Muris, P., Meesters, C., van Melick, M., & Zwambag, L. (2001). Self-reported attachment style, attachment quality, and symptoms of anxiety and depression in young adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 809–818. CrossRef Muris, P., Meesters, C., van Melick, M., & Zwambag, L. (2001). Self-reported attachment style, attachment quality, and symptoms of anxiety and depression in young adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 809–818. CrossRef
go back to reference Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Girgus, J. S. (1994). The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 424–443. PubMedCrossRef Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Girgus, J. S. (1994). The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 424–443. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Osgood, D. W., Wilson, J. K., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Johnston, L. D. (1996). Routine activities and individual deviant behaviors. American Sociological Review, 61, 635–655. CrossRef Osgood, D. W., Wilson, J. K., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Johnston, L. D. (1996). Routine activities and individual deviant behaviors. American Sociological Review, 61, 635–655. CrossRef
go back to reference Pace, U., & Zappulla, C. (2009). Identity processes and quality of emotional autonomy: The contribution of two developmental tasks on middle-adolescents’ subjective well-being. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 9, 323–340. CrossRef Pace, U., & Zappulla, C. (2009). Identity processes and quality of emotional autonomy: The contribution of two developmental tasks on middle-adolescents’ subjective well-being. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 9, 323–340. CrossRef
go back to reference Pace, U., & Zappulla, C. (2010). Relations between suicidal ideation, depression, and emotional autonomy from parents in adolescence. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19, 747–756. CrossRef Pace, U., & Zappulla, C. (2010). Relations between suicidal ideation, depression, and emotional autonomy from parents in adolescence. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19, 747–756. CrossRef
go back to reference Reitz, E., Dekovic, M., & Meijer, A. M. (2005). The structure and stability of externalizing and internalizing problem behavior during early adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 577–588. CrossRef Reitz, E., Dekovic, M., & Meijer, A. M. (2005). The structure and stability of externalizing and internalizing problem behavior during early adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 577–588. CrossRef
go back to reference Rice, K. (1990). Attachment in adolescence: A narrative and meta-analytic review. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 19, 511–538. CrossRef Rice, K. (1990). Attachment in adolescence: A narrative and meta-analytic review. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 19, 511–538. CrossRef
go back to reference Robins, R. W., John, O. P., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1996). Resilient, overcontrolled, and undercontrolled boys: Three replicable personality types. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 157–171. PubMedCrossRef Robins, R. W., John, O. P., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1996). Resilient, overcontrolled, and undercontrolled boys: Three replicable personality types. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 157–171. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Roisman, G. I., Masten, A. S., Coatsworth, J. D., & Tellegen, A. (2004). Salient and emerging developmental tasks in the transition to adulthood. Child Development, 75, 123–133. PubMedCrossRef Roisman, G. I., Masten, A. S., Coatsworth, J. D., & Tellegen, A. (2004). Salient and emerging developmental tasks in the transition to adulthood. Child Development, 75, 123–133. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Dwyer, K. M., Booth-LaForce, C. L., Kim, A. H., Burgess, K. B., & Rose-Krasnor, L. (2004). Attachment, friendship, and psychosocial functioning in early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 24, 326–356. PubMedCrossRef Rubin, K. H., Dwyer, K. M., Booth-LaForce, C. L., Kim, A. H., Burgess, K. B., & Rose-Krasnor, L. (2004). Attachment, friendship, and psychosocial functioning in early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 24, 326–356. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rutter, M. (2007). Psychopathological development across adolescence. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 36, 101–110. CrossRef Rutter, M. (2007). Psychopathological development across adolescence. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 36, 101–110. CrossRef
go back to reference Salzman, J. (1996). Primary attachment in female adolescents: Association with depression, self-esteem and marital identification. Psychiatry, 59, 20–33. PubMed Salzman, J. (1996). Primary attachment in female adolescents: Association with depression, self-esteem and marital identification. Psychiatry, 59, 20–33. PubMed
go back to reference Samuolis, J., Layburn, K., & Schiaffino, K. M. (2001). Identity development and attachment to parents in college students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30, 373–384. CrossRef Samuolis, J., Layburn, K., & Schiaffino, K. M. (2001). Identity development and attachment to parents in college students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30, 373–384. CrossRef
go back to reference Schwartz, J. A. J., & Koenig, L. J. (1996). Response styles and negative affect among adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20, 13–36. CrossRef Schwartz, J. A. J., & Koenig, L. J. (1996). Response styles and negative affect among adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20, 13–36. CrossRef
go back to reference Slade, T. (2007). The descriptive epidemiology of internalizing and externalizing psychiatric dimensions. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 42, 554–560. PubMedCrossRef Slade, T. (2007). The descriptive epidemiology of internalizing and externalizing psychiatric dimensions. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 42, 554–560. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sloman, L., Gilbert, P., & Hasey, G. (2003). Evolved mechanisms in depression: The role and interaction of attachment and social rank in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 74, 107–121. PubMedCrossRef Sloman, L., Gilbert, P., & Hasey, G. (2003). Evolved mechanisms in depression: The role and interaction of attachment and social rank in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 74, 107–121. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sroufe, L. A., Carlson, E. A., Levy, A. K., & Egeland, B. (1999). Implications of attachment theory for developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 1–13. PubMedCrossRef Sroufe, L. A., Carlson, E. A., Levy, A. K., & Egeland, B. (1999). Implications of attachment theory for developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 1–13. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Steinberg, L. (2002). Adolescence. Singapore: McGraw Hill. Steinberg, L. (2002). Adolescence. Singapore: McGraw Hill.
go back to reference Susman, E. J., Dorn, E. D., Inoff-Germain, G., Nottelman, E. D., & Chrousos, G. P. (1997). Cortisol reactivity, distress behavior, and behavioral and psychological problems in young adolescents: A longitudinal perspective. Journal or Research on Adolescence, 7, 81–105. CrossRef Susman, E. J., Dorn, E. D., Inoff-Germain, G., Nottelman, E. D., & Chrousos, G. P. (1997). Cortisol reactivity, distress behavior, and behavioral and psychological problems in young adolescents: A longitudinal perspective. Journal or Research on Adolescence, 7, 81–105. CrossRef
go back to reference Sweeney, P. D., Anderson, K., & Bailey, S. (1986). Attributional style in depression: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 974–991. PubMedCrossRef Sweeney, P. D., Anderson, K., & Bailey, S. (1986). Attributional style in depression: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 974–991. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Warren, S. L., Huston, L., Egeland, B., & Sroufe, L. A. (1997). Child and adolescent anxiety disorders and early attachment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 637–644. PubMedCrossRef Warren, S. L., Huston, L., Egeland, B., & Sroufe, L. A. (1997). Child and adolescent anxiety disorders and early attachment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 637–644. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Problem Behaviors in Adolescence: The Opposite Role Played by Insecure Attachment and Commitment Strength
Auteurs
Ugo Pace
Carla Zappulla
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 6/2011
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-011-9453-4