Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2007

01-10-2007 | Original Paper

Private Speech and Executive Functioning among High-Functioning Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Adam Winsler, Beau Abar, Michael A. Feder, Christian D. Schunn, David Alarcón Rubio

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2007

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Private speech used by high-functioning children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) (n = 33) during two executive functioning tasks was compared to that of typically developing children (= 28), and children with ADHD (= 21). Children with ASD were as likely as others to talk to themselves and their speech was similarly relevant and likely to appear in moments of task difficulty. Unlike others, children with ASD were more likely to get items correct when they were talking than when they were silent. Group differences in performance were observed when children were silent but not when children were talking. Findings suggest that autistic children talk to themselves in relevant ways during problem-solving and that such speech is helpful in normalizing their executive performance relative to controls.
Voetnoten
1
Nonparametric analyses were also run on other analyses involving highly skewed data to confirm the results of the parametric procedures that were conducted. For simplicity and consistency, only the parametric results are reported unless differing results dictated the exclusive use of nonparametric procedures.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Adams, C., Green, J., Gilchrist, A., & Cox, A. (2002). Conversational behavior of children with Asperger syndrome and conduct disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 679–690. PubMedCrossRef Adams, C., Green, J., Gilchrist, A., & Cox, A. (2002). Conversational behavior of children with Asperger syndrome and conduct disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 679–690. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Artiola-Fortuny, L., & Heaton, R. K. (1996). Standard versus computerized administration of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 10, 419–424. Artiola-Fortuny, L., & Heaton, R. K. (1996). Standard versus computerized administration of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 10, 419–424.
go back to reference Baltaxe, C., & Simmons, J. Q. (1977). Bedtime soliloquies and linguistic competence in autism. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 42, 376–393. PubMed Baltaxe, C., & Simmons, J. Q. (1977). Bedtime soliloquies and linguistic competence in autism. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 42, 376–393. PubMed
go back to reference Bara, B. G., Bosco, F., & Bucciarelli, M. (1999). Developmental pragmatics in normal and abnormal children. Brain and Language, 68, 507–528. PubMedCrossRef Bara, B. G., Bosco, F., & Bucciarelli, M. (1999). Developmental pragmatics in normal and abnormal children. Brain and Language, 68, 507–528. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Barkley, R. A. (1997). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functioning: Constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 65–94. PubMedCrossRef Barkley, R. A. (1997). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functioning: Constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 65–94. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen S., Tager-Flusberg H., Cohen D. J. (Eds.). (2000). Understanding other minds: Perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Baron-Cohen S., Tager-Flusberg H., Cohen D. J. (Eds.). (2000). Understanding other minds: Perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Behrend, D. A., Rosengren, K. S., & Perlmutter, M. (1992). The relation between private speech and parental interactive style. In R. M. Diaz & L. E. Berk (Eds.), Private speech: From social interaction to self-regulation (pp. 85–100). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Behrend, D. A., Rosengren, K. S., & Perlmutter, M. (1992). The relation between private speech and parental interactive style. In R. M. Diaz & L. E. Berk (Eds.), Private speech: From social interaction to self-regulation (pp. 85–100). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Bell, N. L., Lassiter, K. S., Matthews, T. D., & Hutchinson, M. B. (2001). Comparison of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test—Third edition and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Third edition with university students. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57, 417–422. PubMedCrossRef Bell, N. L., Lassiter, K. S., Matthews, T. D., & Hutchinson, M. B. (2001). Comparison of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test—Third edition and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Third edition with university students. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57, 417–422. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Berk, L. E. (1986). Relationship of elementary school children’s private speech to behavioral accompaniment to task, attention, and task performance. Developmental Psychology, 22, 671–680. CrossRef Berk, L. E. (1986). Relationship of elementary school children’s private speech to behavioral accompaniment to task, attention, and task performance. Developmental Psychology, 22, 671–680. CrossRef
go back to reference Berk, L. E. (1992). Children’s private speech: An overview of theory and the status of research. In R. M. Diaz & L. E. Berk (Eds.), Private speech: From social interaction to self-regulation (pp. 17–43). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Berk, L. E. (1992). Children’s private speech: An overview of theory and the status of research. In R. M. Diaz & L. E. Berk (Eds.), Private speech: From social interaction to self-regulation (pp. 17–43). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Berk, L. E., & Potts, M. K. (1991). Development and functional significance of private speech among attention–deficit hyperactivity disordered and normal boys. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19, 357–377. PubMedCrossRef Berk, L. E., & Potts, M. K. (1991). Development and functional significance of private speech among attention–deficit hyperactivity disordered and normal boys. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19, 357–377. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Berk, L. E., & Spuhl, S. T. (1995). Maternal interaction, private speech, and task performance in preschool children. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 10, 145–169. CrossRef Berk, L. E., & Spuhl, S. T. (1995). Maternal interaction, private speech, and task performance in preschool children. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 10, 145–169. CrossRef
go back to reference Biro, S., & Russell, J. (2001). The execution of arbitrary procedures by children with autism. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 97–110. PubMedCrossRef Biro, S., & Russell, J. (2001). The execution of arbitrary procedures by children with autism. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 97–110. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bivens, J. A., & Berk, L. E. (1990). A longitudinal study of the development of elementary school children’s private speech. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 36, 443–463. Bivens, J. A., & Berk, L. E. (1990). A longitudinal study of the development of elementary school children’s private speech. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 36, 443–463.
go back to reference Campbell, J. M., Bell, S. K., & Keith, L. K. (2001). Concurrent validity of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test—Third edition as an intelligence and achievement screener for low SES African American children. Assessment, 8, 85–94. PubMedCrossRef Campbell, J. M., Bell, S. K., & Keith, L. K. (2001). Concurrent validity of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test—Third edition as an intelligence and achievement screener for low SES African American children. Assessment, 8, 85–94. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dawson P., & Guare R. (Eds.). (2004). Executive skills in children and adolescents: A practical guide to assessment and intervention. New York: Guilford. Dawson P., & Guare R. (Eds.). (2004). Executive skills in children and adolescents: A practical guide to assessment and intervention. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Diaz R. M., & Berk L. E. (Eds.). (1992). Private speech: From social interaction to self-regulation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Diaz R. M., & Berk L. E. (Eds.). (1992). Private speech: From social interaction to self-regulation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Diaz, R. M., & Berk, L. E. (1995). A Vygotskian critique of self-instructional training. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 369–392. CrossRef Diaz, R. M., & Berk, L. E. (1995). A Vygotskian critique of self-instructional training. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 369–392. CrossRef
go back to reference Dunbar, K., & Bub, D. (1990). Frontal assessment battery. Montreal, Canada: McGill University. Dunbar, K., & Bub, D. (1990). Frontal assessment battery. Montreal, Canada: McGill University.
go back to reference Duncan, R. M., & Cheyne, J. A. (2001). Private speech in young adults: Task difficulty, self-regulation, and psychological predication. Cognitive Development, 16, 889–906. CrossRef Duncan, R. M., & Cheyne, J. A. (2001). Private speech in young adults: Task difficulty, self-regulation, and psychological predication. Cognitive Development, 16, 889–906. CrossRef
go back to reference Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, L. M. (1997). The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (3rd ed.). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service. Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, L. M. (1997). The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (3rd ed.). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
go back to reference Fernyhough, C. (1996). The dialogic mind: A dialogic approach to the higher mental functions. New Ideas in Psychology, 14, 47–62. CrossRef Fernyhough, C. (1996). The dialogic mind: A dialogic approach to the higher mental functions. New Ideas in Psychology, 14, 47–62. CrossRef
go back to reference Fernyhough, C., & Fradley, E. (2005). Private speech on an executive task: Relations with task difficulty and task performance. Cognitive Development, 20, 103–120. CrossRef Fernyhough, C., & Fradley, E. (2005). Private speech on an executive task: Relations with task difficulty and task performance. Cognitive Development, 20, 103–120. CrossRef
go back to reference Fine, J., Bartolucci, G., Szatmari, P., & Ginsberg, G. (1994). Cohesive discourse in pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 315–329. PubMedCrossRef Fine, J., Bartolucci, G., Szatmari, P., & Ginsberg, G. (1994). Cohesive discourse in pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 315–329. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gioia, G. A., Isquith, P. K., Guy, S. C., & Kenworthy, L. (2000). Behavior rating inventory of executive function. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. Gioia, G. A., Isquith, P. K., Guy, S. C., & Kenworthy, L. (2000). Behavior rating inventory of executive function. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
go back to reference Harris, M. E. (1990). Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: Computer version (research ed.). Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. Harris, M. E. (1990). Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: Computer version (research ed.). Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
go back to reference Heaton, R. K., Thompson, J. A., & Gomez, E. (1999). Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: Computerized Version 3 for Windows research edition manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. Heaton, R. K., Thompson, J. A., & Gomez, E. (1999). Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: Computerized Version 3 for Windows research edition manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
go back to reference Hobson, R. P., & Meyer, J. A. (2005). Foundations for self and other: A study in autism. Developmental Science, 8, 481–491. PubMedCrossRef Hobson, R. P., & Meyer, J. A. (2005). Foundations for self and other: A study in autism. Developmental Science, 8, 481–491. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Howlin, P. (2003). Outcome in high-functioning adults with autism with and without early language delays: Implications for the differentiation between autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 3–13. PubMedCrossRef Howlin, P. (2003). Outcome in high-functioning adults with autism with and without early language delays: Implications for the differentiation between autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 3–13. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hughes, C. (1996). Control of action and thought: Normal development and dysfunction in autism: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 229–236. PubMedCrossRef Hughes, C. (1996). Control of action and thought: Normal development and dysfunction in autism: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 229–236. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hughes, C., Russell, J., & Robbins, T. W. (1994). Evidence for executive dysfunction in autism. Neuropsychologia, 32, 477–492. PubMedCrossRef Hughes, C., Russell, J., & Robbins, T. W. (1994). Evidence for executive dysfunction in autism. Neuropsychologia, 32, 477–492. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hurlburt, R. T., Happé, F., & Frith, U. (1994). Sampling the form of inner experience in three adults with Asperger syndrome. Psychological Medicine, 24, 385–395. PubMedCrossRef Hurlburt, R. T., Happé, F., & Frith, U. (1994). Sampling the form of inner experience in three adults with Asperger syndrome. Psychological Medicine, 24, 385–395. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Jarrold, C., Boucher, J., & Russell, J. (1997). Language profiles in children with autism. Autism, 1, 57–76. CrossRef Jarrold, C., Boucher, J., & Russell, J. (1997). Language profiles in children with autism. Autism, 1, 57–76. CrossRef
go back to reference Joseph, R. M., McGrath, L. M., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2005). Executive dysfunction and its relation to language ability in verbal school-age children with autism. Developmental Neuropsychology, 27, 361–378. PubMedCrossRef Joseph, R. M., McGrath, L. M., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2005). Executive dysfunction and its relation to language ability in verbal school-age children with autism. Developmental Neuropsychology, 27, 361–378. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Joseph, R. M., Steele, S. D., Meyer, E., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2005). Self-ordered pointing in children with autism: Failure to use verbal mediation in the service of working memory? Neuropsychologia, 43, 1400–1411. PubMedCrossRef Joseph, R. M., Steele, S. D., Meyer, E., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2005). Self-ordered pointing in children with autism: Failure to use verbal mediation in the service of working memory? Neuropsychologia, 43, 1400–1411. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Joseph, R. M., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2004). The relationship of theory of mind and executive functions to symptom type and severity in children with autism. Development and Psychopathology, 16, 137–155. PubMedCrossRef Joseph, R. M., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2004). The relationship of theory of mind and executive functions to symptom type and severity in children with autism. Development and Psychopathology, 16, 137–155. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lawrence, V., Houghton, S. Tannock, R., Douglas, G., Durkin, K., & Whiting, K. (2002). ADHD outside the laboratory: Boys’ executive function performance on tasks in videogame play and on a visit to the zoo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30, 447–462. PubMedCrossRef Lawrence, V., Houghton, S. Tannock, R., Douglas, G., Durkin, K., & Whiting, K. (2002). ADHD outside the laboratory: Boys’ executive function performance on tasks in videogame play and on a visit to the zoo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30, 447–462. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Liss, M., Fein, D., Allen, D., Dunn, M., Feinstein, C., Morris, R., Waterhouse, L., & Rappin, I. (2001). Executive functioning in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 261–270. PubMedCrossRef Liss, M., Fein, D., Allen, D., Dunn, M., Feinstein, C., Morris, R., Waterhouse, L., & Rappin, I. (2001). Executive functioning in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 261–270. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Loveland, K., McEvoy, R., Tunali, B., & Kelly, M. L. (1990). Narrative story telling in autism and Down’s syndrome. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 8, 9–23. Loveland, K., McEvoy, R., Tunali, B., & Kelly, M. L. (1990). Narrative story telling in autism and Down’s syndrome. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 8, 9–23.
go back to reference Lovett, M. C., & Schunn, C. D. (1999). Task representations, strategy variability and base-rate neglect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 128, 107–130. CrossRef Lovett, M. C., & Schunn, C. D. (1999). Task representations, strategy variability and base-rate neglect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 128, 107–130. CrossRef
go back to reference Luchins, A. S., & Luchins, E. H. (1950). New experimental attempts at preventing mechanization in problem solving. The Journal of General Psychology, 42, 279–297. CrossRef Luchins, A. S., & Luchins, E. H. (1950). New experimental attempts at preventing mechanization in problem solving. The Journal of General Psychology, 42, 279–297. CrossRef
go back to reference Luria, A. R. (1980). Higher cortical functions in man (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books. Luria, A. R. (1980). Higher cortical functions in man (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.
go back to reference Mahone, E. M., Cirino, P. T., Cutting, L. E., Cerrone, P. M., Hagelthorn, K. M., Hiemenz, J. R., Singer, H. S., & Denckla, M. B., (2002). Validity of the behavior rating inventory of executive function in children with ADHD and/or Tourette syndrome. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 643–662. PubMedCrossRef Mahone, E. M., Cirino, P. T., Cutting, L. E., Cerrone, P. M., Hagelthorn, K. M., Hiemenz, J. R., Singer, H. S., & Denckla, M. B., (2002). Validity of the behavior rating inventory of executive function in children with ADHD and/or Tourette syndrome. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 643–662. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mesibov, G. B., Shea, V., & Schopler, E. (2005). The TEACCH approach to autism spectrum disorders. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer. Mesibov, G. B., Shea, V., & Schopler, E. (2005). The TEACCH approach to autism spectrum disorders. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer.
go back to reference Minshew, N. J., Siegel, D. J., Goldstein, G., & Weldy, S. (1994). Verbal problem solving in high functioning autistic individuals. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 9, 31–40. PubMedCrossRef Minshew, N. J., Siegel, D. J., Goldstein, G., & Weldy, S. (1994). Verbal problem solving in high functioning autistic individuals. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 9, 31–40. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Muller, U., Zelazo, P. D., Hood, S., Leone, T., & Rohrer, L. (2004). Interference control in a new rule use task: Age-related changes, labeling, and attention. Child Development, 75, 1594–1609. PubMedCrossRef Muller, U., Zelazo, P. D., Hood, S., Leone, T., & Rohrer, L. (2004). Interference control in a new rule use task: Age-related changes, labeling, and attention. Child Development, 75, 1594–1609. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ozonoff, S. (1997). Components of executive function in autism, other disorders. In J. Russell (Ed.), Autism as an executive disorder (pp. 179–211). New York: Oxford University Press. Ozonoff, S. (1997). Components of executive function in autism, other disorders. In J. Russell (Ed.), Autism as an executive disorder (pp. 179–211). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Ozonoff, S. (1998). Assessment and remediation of executive dysfunction in autism, Asperger syndrome. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism? Current issues in autism (pp. 263–289). New York: Plenum. Ozonoff, S. (1998). Assessment and remediation of executive dysfunction in autism, Asperger syndrome. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism? Current issues in autism (pp. 263–289). New York: Plenum.
go back to reference Ozonoff, S., & McEvoy, R. E. (1994). A longitudinal study of executive function and theory of mind development in autism. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 415–431. CrossRef Ozonoff, S., & McEvoy, R. E. (1994). A longitudinal study of executive function and theory of mind development in autism. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 415–431. CrossRef
go back to reference Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B., & Rogers, S. (1991). Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 1081–1105. PubMedCrossRef Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B., & Rogers, S. (1991). Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 1081–1105. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ozonoff, S., & Strayer, D. L. (1997). Inhibitory function in nonretarded children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 27, 59–77. PubMedCrossRef Ozonoff, S., & Strayer, D. L. (1997). Inhibitory function in nonretarded children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 27, 59–77. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pennington, B. F., & Ozonoff, S. (1996). Annotation: Executive dysfunctions and developmental psychopathologies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 51–87. PubMedCrossRef Pennington, B. F., & Ozonoff, S. (1996). Annotation: Executive dysfunctions and developmental psychopathologies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 51–87. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ramberg, C., Ehlers, S., Nyden, A., Johanssen, M., & Gilberg, C. (1996). Language and pragmatic functions in school-age children on the autistic spectrum. European Journal of Disorders of Communication, 31, 387–414. PubMed Ramberg, C., Ehlers, S., Nyden, A., Johanssen, M., & Gilberg, C. (1996). Language and pragmatic functions in school-age children on the autistic spectrum. European Journal of Disorders of Communication, 31, 387–414. PubMed
go back to reference Robinson, A. L., Heaton, R. K., Lehman, R. A., & Stilson, D. W. (1980). The utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in detecting and localizing frontal lobe lesions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 48, 605–614. PubMedCrossRef Robinson, A. L., Heaton, R. K., Lehman, R. A., & Stilson, D. W. (1980). The utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in detecting and localizing frontal lobe lesions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 48, 605–614. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Russell J. (Ed.). (1997). Autism as an executive disorder. New York: Oxford University Press. Russell J. (Ed.). (1997). Autism as an executive disorder. New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Russell, J., & Jarrold, C. (1998). Error-correction problems in autism: Evidence for a monitoring impairment? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28, 177–188. PubMedCrossRef Russell, J., & Jarrold, C. (1998). Error-correction problems in autism: Evidence for a monitoring impairment? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28, 177–188. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Russell, J., Jarrold, C., & Hood, B. (1999). Two intact executive capacities in children with autism: Implications for the core executive dysfunctions in the disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 103–112. PubMedCrossRef Russell, J., Jarrold, C., & Hood, B. (1999). Two intact executive capacities in children with autism: Implications for the core executive dysfunctions in the disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 103–112. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Russo, N., Landry, O., Hongwanishkul, D., Lee, W., Burack, J. A., & Zelazo, P. D. (2003, April). Working memory and executive function in autism. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Tampa, FL. Russo, N., Landry, O., Hongwanishkul, D., Lee, W., Burack, J. A., & Zelazo, P. D. (2003, April). Working memory and executive function in autism. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Tampa, FL.
go back to reference Schachar, R., Mota, V. L., Logan, G. D., Tannock, R., & Klim, P. (2000). Confirmation of an inhibitory control deficit in attention–deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28, 227–235. PubMedCrossRef Schachar, R., Mota, V. L., Logan, G. D., Tannock, R., & Klim, P. (2000). Confirmation of an inhibitory control deficit in attention–deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28, 227–235. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schopler, E., Mesibov, G. B., & Kunce, L. J. (1998). Asperger syndrome or high functioning autism? Current issues in autism. New York: Plenum. Schopler, E., Mesibov, G. B., & Kunce, L. J. (1998). Asperger syndrome or high functioning autism? Current issues in autism. New York: Plenum.
go back to reference Schunn, C. D., & Reder, L. M. (1998). Strategy adaptivity and individual differences. In D. L. Medin (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation: Advances in research and theory (Vol. 38, pp. 115–154). San Diego, CA: Academic. Schunn, C. D., & Reder, L. M. (1998). Strategy adaptivity and individual differences. In D. L. Medin (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation: Advances in research and theory (Vol. 38, pp. 115–154). San Diego, CA: Academic.
go back to reference Sergeant, J. A., Geurts, H. M., & Oosterlaan, J. (2002). How specific is a deficit of executive functioning for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder? Behavioral Brain Research, 130, 3–28. CrossRef Sergeant, J. A., Geurts, H. M., & Oosterlaan, J. (2002). How specific is a deficit of executive functioning for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder? Behavioral Brain Research, 130, 3–28. CrossRef
go back to reference Shu, B. C., Lung, F. W., & Tien, A. Y. (2001). Executive function deficits in non-retarded autistic children. Autism, 5, 165–174. PubMedCrossRef Shu, B. C., Lung, F. W., & Tien, A. Y. (2001). Executive function deficits in non-retarded autistic children. Autism, 5, 165–174. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Spreen, O., & Strauss, E. (1998). A compendium of neuropsychological tests: Administration, norms, and commentary (2nd ed.). New York : Oxford University Press. Spreen, O., & Strauss, E. (1998). A compendium of neuropsychological tests: Administration, norms, and commentary (2nd ed.). New York : Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Stuss, D. T., & Benson, D. S. (1986). The frontal lobes. New York: Raven. Stuss, D. T., & Benson, D. S. (1986). The frontal lobes. New York: Raven.
go back to reference Tager-Flusberg, H. (1992). Autistic children’s talk about psychological states: Deficits in the early acquisition of a theory of mind. Child Development, 63, 161–172. PubMedCrossRef Tager-Flusberg, H. (1992). Autistic children’s talk about psychological states: Deficits in the early acquisition of a theory of mind. Child Development, 63, 161–172. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tager-Flusberg, H. (1996). Current theory and research on language and communication in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 26, 169–172. PubMedCrossRef Tager-Flusberg, H. (1996). Current theory and research on language and communication in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 26, 169–172. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tager-Flusberg, H. (2000). What language reveals about the understanding of minds in children with autism. In S. Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Understanding other minds: Perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience (pp. 138–157). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Tager-Flusberg, H. (2000). What language reveals about the understanding of minds in children with autism. In S. Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Understanding other minds: Perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience (pp. 138–157). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Tomasello, M., Kruger, A. C., & Ratner, H. H. (1993). Cultural learning. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 495–552. CrossRef Tomasello, M., Kruger, A. C., & Ratner, H. H. (1993). Cultural learning. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 495–552. CrossRef
go back to reference Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher mental processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher mental processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
go back to reference Weir, R. (1962). Language in the crib. The Hague: Monton. Weir, R. (1962). Language in the crib. The Hague: Monton.
go back to reference Welsh, M., & Pennington, B. F. (1988). Assessing frontal lobe functioning in children: Views from developmental psychology. Developmental Neuropsychology, 4, 199–230. CrossRef Welsh, M., & Pennington, B. F. (1988). Assessing frontal lobe functioning in children: Views from developmental psychology. Developmental Neuropsychology, 4, 199–230. CrossRef
go back to reference Wertsch, J. V. (1979). The regulation of human action and the given–new organization of private speech. In G. Zivin (Ed.), The development of self-regulation through private speech (pp. 79–98). New York: Wiley. Wertsch, J. V. (1979). The regulation of human action and the given–new organization of private speech. In G. Zivin (Ed.), The development of self-regulation through private speech (pp. 79–98). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Wetherby, A., & Prutting, C. (1984). Profiles of communicative and cognitive–social abilities in autistic children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 27, 364–377. PubMed Wetherby, A., & Prutting, C. (1984). Profiles of communicative and cognitive–social abilities in autistic children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 27, 364–377. PubMed
go back to reference Wilkinson, K. (1998). Profiles of language and communication skills in autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 4, 73–79. CrossRef Wilkinson, K. (1998). Profiles of language and communication skills in autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 4, 73–79. CrossRef
go back to reference Winsler, A. (1998). Parent–child interaction and private speech in boys with ADHD. Applied Developmental Science, 2, 17–39. CrossRef Winsler, A. (1998). Parent–child interaction and private speech in boys with ADHD. Applied Developmental Science, 2, 17–39. CrossRef
go back to reference Winsler, A., & Diaz, R. M. (1995). Private speech in the classroom: The effects of activity type, presence of others, classroom context, and mixed-age grouping. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 18, 463–488. Winsler, A., & Diaz, R. M. (1995). Private speech in the classroom: The effects of activity type, presence of others, classroom context, and mixed-age grouping. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 18, 463–488.
go back to reference Winsler, A., Diaz, R. M., Atencio, D.J, McCarthy, E. M., & Adams Chabay, L. (2000). Verbal self-regulation over time in preschool children at-risk for attention and behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41, 875–886. Winsler, A., Diaz, R. M., Atencio, D.J, McCarthy, E. M., & Adams Chabay, L. (2000). Verbal self-regulation over time in preschool children at-risk for attention and behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41, 875–886.
go back to reference Winsler, A., Diaz, R. M., & Montero, I. (1997). The role of private speech in the transition from collaborative to independent task performance in young children. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 12, 59–79. CrossRef Winsler, A., Diaz, R. M., & Montero, I. (1997). The role of private speech in the transition from collaborative to independent task performance in young children. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 12, 59–79. CrossRef
go back to reference Winsler, A., Fernyhough, C., McClaren, E., & Way, E. (2004). Private speech coding manual. George Mason University. http://​classweb.​gmu.​edu/​awinsler/​resources/​pscodingmanual.​pdf.​ Winsler, A., Fernyhough, C., McClaren, E., & Way, E. (2004). Private speech coding manual. George Mason University. http://​classweb.​gmu.​edu/​awinsler/​resources/​pscodingmanual.​pdf.​
go back to reference Winsler, A., & Naglieri, J. A. (2003). Overt and covert verbal problem-solving strategies: Developmental trends in use, awareness, and relations with task performance in children age 5 to 17. Child Development, 74, 659–678. PubMedCrossRef Winsler, A., & Naglieri, J. A. (2003). Overt and covert verbal problem-solving strategies: Developmental trends in use, awareness, and relations with task performance in children age 5 to 17. Child Development, 74, 659–678. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zelazo, P. D., Carter, D., Reznick, J. S., & Frye, D. (1997). Early development of executive function: A problem-solving framework. Review of General Psychology, 1, 198–226. CrossRef Zelazo, P. D., Carter, D., Reznick, J. S., & Frye, D. (1997). Early development of executive function: A problem-solving framework. Review of General Psychology, 1, 198–226. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Private Speech and Executive Functioning among High-Functioning Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Adam Winsler
Beau Abar
Michael A. Feder
Christian D. Schunn
David Alarcón Rubio
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2007
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0294-8