Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders has been steadily rising. In most parts of the world, rates as high as 1 % are reported, including in the United States. In Israel, previously reported prevalence rates have been in the 0.2 % range, and were based on parental reporting of diagnosis. In this study, records from one of the largest Israeli Health Maintenance organizations were used to calculate both incidence and prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Israel. Israeli prevalence of ASD was calculated at 0.48 % for 1–12 years olds and 0.65 % for 8 year old children in 2010, higher than previous Israeli reports, but still lower than prevalence estimates for the US. Incidence calculations ranged from 0.65 to 0.84 per 1,000 children for children 1–12 year olds. Reasons for these differences are suggested and discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statisticalmanual of mental disorders (DSM-IV). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network Surveillance Year 2006 Principal Investigators; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2009). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders—Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, United States, 2006. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries, 18(10), 1–20.
Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network Surveillance Year 2008 Principal Investigators. (2012). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders–autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 14 sites, United States, 2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries, 30(3), 1–19.
Davidovitch, M., Holtzman, G., & Tirosh, E. (2001). Autism in the Haifa area—an epidemiological perspective. The Israel Medical Association Journal, 3(3), 188–189. PubMed
Durkin, M. S., Maenner, M. J., Meaney, F. J., Levy, S. E., DiGuiseppi, C., Nicholas, J. S., et al. (2010). Socioeconomic inequality in the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder: Evidence from a U.S. cross-sectional study. PLoS One, 12(5), e11551. CrossRef
Fombonne, E., Quirke, S., & Hagen, A. (2011). Epidemiology of pervasive developmental disorders. In D. G. Amaral, G. Dawson, & D. H. Geschwind (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorders (pp. 90–111). New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Gal, G., Abiri, L., Reichenberg, A., Gabis, L., & Gross, R. (2012). Time trends in reported autism spectrum disorders in Israel, 1986–2005. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorder, 42(3), 428–431. CrossRef
Gal, G., & Gross, R. (2009). Time trends and autism. The Israel Medical Association Journal, 11(9), 577. PubMed
IBM Reference #1480127. (2012). Cochran-Armitage test for trend for 2xI tables. http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=swg21480127. Modified 04.01.2012.
Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics. (2006). http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/local_authorities2006/excel/p_libud.xls.
Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics–National Insurance Institute. (2010). http://www.cbs.gov.il/q153_heb.htm.
Lazoff, T., Zhong, L., Piperni, T., & Fombonne, E. (2010). Prevalence of pervasive developmental disorders among children at the English Montreal School Board. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55(11), 715–720.
Lord, C., Rutter, M., Dilavore, P., & Risi, S. (2008). Autism diagnostic observation schedule manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Powell, J. E., Edwards, A., Edwards, M., Pandit, B. S., Sungum-Paliwal, S. R., & Whitehouse, W. (2000). Changes in the incidence of childhood autism and other autistic spectrum disorders in preschool children from two areas of the West Midlands, UK. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 42(9), 624–628. PubMedCrossRef
Senecky, Y., Chodick, G., Diamond, G., Lobel, D., Drachman, R., & Inbar, D. (2009). Time trends in reported autistic spectrum disorders in Israel, 1972–2004. The Israel Medical Association Journal, 11(1), 30–33. PubMed
Shelton, J. F., Hertz-Picciotto, I., Pessah, I. N. (2012). Tipping the balance of autism risk: Potential mechanisms linking pesticides and autism. Environ Health Perspect. Apr 11.
- Prevalence and Incidence of Autism Spectrum Disorder in an Israeli Population
- Springer US