Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study aimed to examine (1) the presentation of binge eating and compensatory weight-control behaviors in a community sample of individuals who engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), (2) the relationship of NSSI features and ED symptoms, and (3) the relationship of psychopathology with ED symptoms. Participants with histories of NSSI (n = 118) were recruited from online self-injury forums and completed measures of ED, NSSI, general psychiatric symptoms and borderline personality (BP) symptoms through online questionnaires. Two thirds of the participants (66.1 %) engaged in compensatory weight-control behaviors at least once per week within the past 3 months, 57.6 % engaged in weekly fasting, and 57.6 % engaged in weekly binge eating. Greater versatility and medical severity of NSSI were positively associated with ED symptoms. Furthermore, BP symptoms were positively associated with increased ED symptoms, even after controlling for general psychiatric symptoms. These findings highlight NSSI versatility, NSSI medical severity and BP symptoms as important correlates of increased ED symptoms in individuals who engage in NSSI, and highlight a need to integrate assessment for ED among individuals who engage in NSSI.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC.
Claes, L., Klonsky, E. D., Muehlenkamp, J., Kuppens, P., & Vandereycken, W. (2010). The affect-regulation function of nonsuicidal self-injury in eating-disordered patients: which affect states are regulated? Comprehensive Psychiatry, 51(4), 386–392. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2009.09.001. PubMedCrossRef
Claes, L., Fernández-Aranda, F., Jimenez-Murcia, S., Botella, C., Casanueva, F. F., de la Torre, R., & Menchón, J. M. (2013). Co-occurrence of non-suicidal self-injury and impulsivity in extreme weight conditions. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(1), 137–140. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.07.035. CrossRef
Derogatis, L. R. (1993). BSI brief symptom inventory. Administration, scoring, and procedures manual (4th ed.). Minneapolis: National Computer Systems.
Favaro, A., Santonastaso, P., Monteleone, P., Bellodi, L., Mauri, M., Rotondo, A., & Maj, M. (2008). Self-injurious behavior and attempted suicide in purging bulimia nervosa: associations with psychiatric comorbidity. Journal of Affective Disorders, 105(1–3), 285–289. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2007.05.010. PubMedCrossRef
Garner, D. M. (2004). Eating disorder inventory -3 professional manual. Odessa: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Joiner, T. (2005). Why people die by suicide. Why people die by suicide. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Kline, P. (1998). The new psychometrics: Science, psychology and measurement. The new psychometrics: Science, psychology and measurement. Florence: Taylor & Frances/Routledge.
Linehan, M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder (Guilford Press).
Morey, L. C. (1991). Personality assessment inventory: Professional manual. (P. A. Resources, Ed.). Odessa, FL.
xMuehlenkamp, J., Engel, S., Wadeson, A., Crosby, R., Wonderlich, S.,Simonich, H., & Mitchell, J. (2009). Emotional states preceding and following acts of non-suicidal self-injury in bulimia nervosa patients. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47(1), 83–87. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2008.10.011
Safer, D. L., Chen, E. Y., Eating, A., Pro-, W. D., Neurosci-, B., & Sciences, B. (2011). Anorexia nervosa as a disorder of emotion dysregulation: theory, evidence, and treatment implications. 203–207.
Sansone, R. A., Sansone, L. A., & Levitt, J. L. (2004). Borderline personality disorder: Self-Harm and eating disorders. In J. L. Levitt, R. A. Sansone, & L. Cohn (Eds.), Self-harm behaviour and eating disorders. New York: Brunner- Routledge.
Sansone, R. A., Chu, J. W., Wiederman, M. W., & Lam, C. (2011). Eating disorder symptoms and borderline presonality symptomatology. Eating and Weight Disorders, 16, 81–85. CrossRef
Selby, E. A., Bulik, C. M., Thornton, L., Brandt, H. A., Crawford, S., Fichter, M. M., & Joiner, T. E. (2010). Refining behavioral dysregulation in borderline personality disorder using a sample of women with anorexia nervosa. Personality Disorders, 1(4), 250–257. doi: 10.1037/a0019313. PubMedCrossRef
Shingleton, R. M., Eddy, K. T., Keshaviah, A., Franko, D. L., Swanson, S. A., Yu, J. S., & Herzog, D. B. (2013). Binge/purge thoughts in nonsuicidal self‐injurious adolescents: an ecological momentary analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 46(7), 684–689. doi: 10.1002/eat.22142. PubMedCrossRef
Wade, T. D., Wilksch, S. M., & Lee, C. (2012). A longitudinal investigation of the impact of disordered eating on young women’s quality of life. Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 31(3), 352–359. doi: 10.1037/a0025956. CrossRef
Wright, F., Bewick, B. M., Barkham, M., House, A. O., & Hill, A. J. (2009). Co-occurrence of self-reported disordered eating and self-harm in UK university students. The British Journal of Clinical Psychology / The British Psychological Society, 48(Pt 4), 397–410. doi: 10.1348/014466509X410343. PubMedCrossRef
- Prevalence and Correlates of Eating Disorder Symptoms in a Community Sample with Non-Suicidal Self-Injury
Brianna J. Turner
Brianne K. Layden
Alexander L. Chapman
Shannon L. Zaitsoff
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505