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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2016

27-05-2016

Present Moment Contact and Nonjudgment: Pilot Data on Dismantling Mindful Awareness in Trauma-Related Symptomatology

Auteurs: Christine E. Valdez, Andrew M. Sherrill, Michelle Lilly

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 4/2016

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Abstract

Conventional views purport that mindfulness includes two components: present moment contact (PMC) and nonjudgment. While mindfulness-based interventions that target a broad spectrum of psychopathology, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), emphasize “being present” as a key mechanism toward wellness, researchers have struggled to measure PMC and assess its clinical utility. Is there any inherent value in PMC or is its clinical utility contingent upon simultaneously engaging in nonjudgment? This pilot study introduces an experimental paradigm designed to dismantle mindfulness and examine the utility of these two components. Forty women with interpersonal victimization histories were assigned to either a nonjudgment condition or a control condition. Next, participants recalled their trauma and then wrote down whatever information was present in their awareness. PMC was measured in both conditions by assessing the frequency of present tense verbs used within these written protocols. As predicted, in the absence of nonjudgment, PMC was related to high negative affect and low positive affect, though unrelated to trauma intrusion frequency. In the nonjudgment condition, PMC was no longer related to state affect and inversely related to trauma intrusion frequency. These pilot data suggest that isolating PMC from nonjudgment may be unhelpful and perhaps iatrogenic.
Voetnoten
1
Linear regression analyses examining an interaction effect between T2 PMC and experimental condition, controlling for T1 PMC, was not significant for T2 trauma intrusions (β = −0.32, t = −0.10, p = .925) and T2 NA (β = −0.51, t = −1.49, p = .145), but was significant for T2 PA (β = 0.94, t = 2.91, p = .006); T2 PMC was a greater predictor of T2 PA for those in the control condition than the nonjudgment condition.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Present Moment Contact and Nonjudgment: Pilot Data on Dismantling Mindful Awareness in Trauma-Related Symptomatology
Auteurs
Christine E. Valdez
Andrew M. Sherrill
Michelle Lilly
Publicatiedatum
27-05-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-016-9548-8