Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Risk and protective factors for firearm assault (FA) have been established, but little is known about factor preceding transitions in FA behavior. We modeled covariate effects on individuals’ transitions in FA behavior (Yes/No) using inhomogeneous, continuous-time, Markov Chains. 3287 assessments were made across five initial biannual follow-ups, and two additional biannual follow-ups (an average of 2.2 years later) from a follow-on study; 2687 pairs of transitions were observed (2414 No-FA → No-FA; 89 No-FA → FA; 121 FA → No-FA; 63 FA → FA). Non-firearm peer violence (HR = 2.31, 95% CI [1.28,4.21]), firearm victimization (HR = 2.57, 95% CI [1.31,5.04]), and marijuana ASSIST sum (HR = 1.27, 95% CI [1.05,1.54]) all preceded transitions into FA, but not transitions out of FA. Delinquent peer associations both hastened transitions into FA (HR = 1.19, 95% CI [1.00,1.40]) and slowed transitions out of FA (HR = 0.84, 95% CI:[0.72,1.00]), with analogous findings regarding attitudes favoring retaliation. Efforts to prevent FA initiation should focus on those currently reporting firearm violence victimization, and on factors indicating an escalating delinquency trajectory (e.g. non-firearm violence, substance use), while programs focusing on peer influences and social norms may be effective at preventing FA regardless of current FA status.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Buu, A., Massey, L. S., Walton, M. A., Cranford, J. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2017). Assessment methods and schedules for collecting daily process data on substance use related health behaviors: A randomized control study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 178, 159–164. CrossRef
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2017). WONDER multiple cause of death database. Retrieved from https://wonder.cdc.gov/mcd.html. Accessed 30 Nov 2018.
Cunningham, R. M., Carter, P. M., Ranney, M., Zimmerman, M. A., Blow, F. C., Booth, B. M., et al. (2015). Violent reinjury and mortality among youth seeking emergency department care for assault-related injury: A 2-year prospective cohort study. JAMA Pediatrics, 169, 63–70. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Eke, A. W., Hilton, N. Z., Meloy, J. R., Mohandie, K., & Williams, J. (2011). Predictors of recidivism by stalkers: A nine-year follow-up of police contacts. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 29, 271–283. CrossRef
Foshee, V. A., McNaughton Reyes, H. L., & Ennett, S. T. (2010). Examination of sex and race differences in longitudinal predictors of the initiation of adolescent dating violence perpetration. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 19, 492–516. CrossRef
Goldstick, J. E., Bohnert, K. M., Davis, A. K., Bonar, E. E., Carter, P. M., Walton, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2018a). Dual trajectories of depression/anxiety symptoms and alcohol use, and their implications for violence outcomes among drug-using urban youth. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 53, 659–666. PubMed
Goldstick, J. E., Heinze, J., Ngo, Q., Hsieh, H. F., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., et al. (2017b). Perceived peer behavior and parental support as correlates of marijuana use: The role of age and gender. Substance Use & Misuse. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2017.1342660 CrossRef
Goldstick, J. E., Heinze, J. E., Stoddard, S. A., Cunningham, R. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2018b). Age-specific associations between violence exposure and past 30-day marijuana and alcohol use. Journal of Research on Adolescence. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12399
Goldstick, J. E., Lipton, R. I., Carter, P., Stoddard, S. A., Newton, M. F., & Reischl, T. (2015). The effect of neighborhood context on the relationship between substance misuse and weapons aggression in urban adolescents seeking ED care. Substance Use & Misuse, 50, 674–684. CrossRef
Hill, H., & Noblin, V. (1991). Children’s perceptions of environmental violence. Washington, DC: Howard University.
Jackson, C. H. (2011). Multi-state models for panel data: The MSM package for R. Journal of Statistical Software, 38, 1–29. CrossRef
Lizotte, A. J., Krohn, M. D., Howell, J. C., Tobin, K., & Howard, G. J. (2000). Factors influencing gun carrying among young urban males over the adolescent-young adult life course. Criminology, 38, 811–834. CrossRef
Lorber, M. F., & O’leary, K. D. (2004). Predictors of the persistence of male aggression in early marriage. Journal of Family Violence, 19, 329–338. CrossRef
McGinty, E. E., Choksy, S., & Wintemute, G. J. (2016). The relationship between controlled substances and violence. Epidemiologic Reviews, 38, 5–31. PubMed
Nierkens, V., Hartman, M. A., Nicolaou, M., Vissenberg, C., Beune, E. J., Hosper, K., et al. (2013). Effectiveness of cultural adaptations of interventions aimed at smoking cessation, diet, and/or physical activity in ethnic minorities. A Systematic Review. PloS ONE, 8, e73373. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Paluck, E. L., Shepherd, H., & Aronow, P. M. (2016). Changing climates of conflict: A social network experiment in 56 schools. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113, 566–571. CrossRef
Richters, J. E., & Martinez, P. (1990). Things I have seen and heard: A structured interview for assessing young children’s violence exposure. Rockville: National Institute of Mental Health.
Saunders, J. B., Aasland, O. G., Babor, T. F., De la Fuente, J. R., & Grant, M. (1993). Development of the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT): WHO collaborative project on early detection of persons with harmful alcohol consumption-II. Addiction, 88, 791–804. CrossRef
Spano, R., & Bolland, J. (2013). Disentangling the effects of violent victimization, violent behavior, and gun carrying for minority inner-city youth living in extreme poverty. Crime & Delinquency, 59, 191–213. CrossRef
Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Boney-McCoy, S., & Sugarman, D. B. (1996). The revised conflict tactics scales (CTS2) development and preliminary psychometric data. Journal of Family Issues, 17, 283–316. CrossRef
Tolan, P. H., Gorman-Smith, D., & Loeber, R. (2000). Developmental timing of onsets of disruptive behaviors and later delinquency of inner-city youth. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 9, 203–220. CrossRef
Tremblay, R., Hartup, W. W., & Archer, J. (2006). Developmental origins of aggression. Paper presented at the Keynote Address at the NIFTEY (National Investment for the Early Years) conference, University of New South Wales, Sydney.
Williams, J. H., Van Dorn, R. A., Ayers, C. D., & Hawkins, J. D. (2007). Understanding race and gender differences in delinquent acts and alcohol and marijuana use: A developmental analysis of initiation. Social Work Research, 31, 71–81. CrossRef
Zimmerman, M. A., Caldwell, C. H., & Bernat, D. H. (2002). Discrepancy between self-report and school-record grade point average: Correlates with psychosocial outcomes among african american adolescents 1. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32, 86–109. CrossRef
- Predictors of transitions in firearm assault behavior among drug-using youth presenting to an urban emergency department
Jason E. Goldstick
Patrick M. Carter
Justin E. Heinze
Maureen A. Walton
Rebecca M. Cunningham
- Springer US