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A number of studies have supported the hypothesis that negative attributional styles may confer vulnerability to the development of depression. The goal of this study was to explore factors that may contribute to the development of negative attributional styles in children. As hypothesized, elevated levels of depressive symptoms and hopelessness at the initial assessment predicted negative changes in children's attributional styles over the 6-month follow-up period. In addition, elevated levels of verbal victimization occurring between the 2 assessments, as well as that occurring in the 6 months preceding the initial assessment, prospectively predicted negative changes in children's attributional styles over the follow-up. Further, initial depressive symptoms and verbal victimization during the follow-up continued to significantly predict attributional style change even when the overlap among the predictors was statistically controlled. Contrary to the hypotheses, however, neither parent-reported levels of overall negative life events nor parents’ attributions for their children's events predicted changes in children's attributional styles.
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- Predictors of Attributional Style Change in Children
Brandon E. Gibb
Lauren B. Alloy
Patricia D. Walshaw
Jonathan S. Comer
Gail H. C. Shen
Annette G. Villari
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers