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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2022

22-09-2021 | REVIEW

Predictive Associations of Dispositional Mindfulness Facets with Anxiety and Depression: a Meta-analytic Structural Equation Modeling Approach

Auteurs: Ángel Prieto-Fidalgo, Joana Gómez-Odriozola, Estibaliz Royuela-Colomer, Izaskun Orue, Liria Fernández-González, Lucía Oñate, Nerea Cortazar, Ioseba Iraurgi, Esther Calvete

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

In recent years, the number of studies on the relationship between dispositional mindfulness (DM) facets and depression and anxiety symptoms has increased notably. The objective of this meta-analysis was to identify the longitudinal predictive associations from DM facets to depression and anxiety symptoms in both adult and adolescent samples.

Methods

Studies were eligible if they measured anxiety or depressive symptoms at least two times and DM during the first measurement. This meta-analysis seeks to clarify the proposed relationships, applying a Two-Stage Structural Equation Modeling method to data collected from adult and adolescent studies. In total, 34 studies were included.

Results

The results indicated that, in adult samples, the facets of Acting with Awareness, Non-Judging, Describing, and Non-Reacting covaried significantly with depression and anxiety symptoms at time one, but only Acting with Awareness and Non-Reacting facets predicted a decrease of symptoms over time. Due to the scarcity of studies using childhood and adolescent samples, only the role of Acting with Awareness predicting depression was evaluated, and the results indicated that this facet predicts a decrease in depression over time among adolescents.

Conclusions

These results provide insight into the longitudinal relationships between DM facets and depression and anxiety symptoms and suggest the importance of focusing attention on these facets in mindfulness interventions.

Trial Registration

The project was preregistered at the Open Science Framework (https://​osf.​io/​ye4af).
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Metagegevens
Titel
Predictive Associations of Dispositional Mindfulness Facets with Anxiety and Depression: a Meta-analytic Structural Equation Modeling Approach
Auteurs
Ángel Prieto-Fidalgo
Joana Gómez-Odriozola
Estibaliz Royuela-Colomer
Izaskun Orue
Liria Fernández-González
Lucía Oñate
Nerea Cortazar
Ioseba Iraurgi
Esther Calvete
Publicatiedatum
22-09-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01756-9