Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10802-015-0002-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
We examined predictors of outcome (IQ, adaptive behavior, and ASD severity) after 12 and 24 months of early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) in 71, 20–59 months old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who were enrolled in publicly-funded, community-based agencies. Predictors included social engagement (combining variables loading onto a single factor: social approach, joint attention, and imitation) and sensorimotor rituals. Younger age and higher IQ at intake predicted favorable outcomes at both 12 and 24 months. Adjusting for age, IQ, baseline predictor scores, EIBI hours, treatment site, and sensorimotor rituals, social engagement predicted superior later IQ and adaptive behavior. In contrast, sensorimotor rituals did not predict outcome. Although limited by the absence of a control group, the study indicates social engagement predicts some EIBI outcomes.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
ESM 1 (DOCX 33.7 kb)10802_2015_2_MOESM1_ESM.docx
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Autism Speaks (2013). Early intervention found cost effective through school years. Accessed February 27, 2014, at http://www.autismspeaks.org/about-us/press-releases/early-intervention-found-cost-effective-through-school-years.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Eikeseth, S., Smith, T., Jahr, E., & Eldevik, S. (2007). Outcome for children with autism who began intensive behavioral treatment between ages 4 and 7: a comparison controlled study. Behavior Modification, 31, 264–278.
Eldevik, S., Hastings, R. P., Hughes, J. C., Jahr, E., Eikeseth, S., & Cross, S. (2010). Using participant data to extend the evidence base for intensive behavioral intervention for children with autism. American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 115, 381–405. CrossRef
Enders, C. K. (2010). Applied missing data analysis. New York: Guilford.
Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A. G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*power 3: a flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavioral Methods, 39, 175–91. CrossRef
Fenson, L., Dale, P. S., Reznick, J. S., Thal, D., Bates, E., Hartung, J. P., & Reilly, J. S. (1993). MacArthur communicative development inventories. Baltimore: Brookes.
Flanagan, H. E., Perry, A., & Freeman, N. L. (2012). Effectiveness of large-scale, community-based intensive behavioural intervention: a waitlist comparison study exploring outcome and predictors. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 673–682. CrossRef
Freeman, B. J., Ritvo, E. R., Yokota, A., & Ritvo, A. (1986). A scale for rating symptoms of patients with the syndrome of autism in real-life settings. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 25, 131–136.
Granpeesheh, D., Dixon, D. R., Tarbox, J., Kaplan, A. M., & Wilke, A. E. (2009). The effects of age and treatment intensity on behavioral intervention outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 1014–1022. CrossRef
Howlin, P., Magiati, I., & Charman, T. (2009). Systematic review of early intensive behavioral interventions for children with autism. American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 114, 23–41. CrossRef
Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC). (2012). 2012 IACC Summary of Advances in Autism Spectrum Disorder Research. Retrieved from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee website: http://iacc.hhs.gov/summary-advances/2012/index.shtml .
Klin, A., Saulnier, C., Tsatsanis, K., & Volkmar, F.R. (2008). Clinical evaluation in autism spectrum disorders: Psychological Assessment within a transdisciplinary framework. In F. R, Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. Volume 2 (3rd ed., pp. 772–798). New York.
Klintwall, L., & Eikeseth, S. (2012). Number and controllability of reinforcers and predictors of individual outcome for children with autism receiving early and intensive behavioral intervention: A preliminary study. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 493–499. CrossRef
Li, K. H., Raghunathan, T. E., & Rubin, D. B. (1991). Large sample significance levels from multiply-imputed data using moment –based statistics and an F reference distribution. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 86, 1065–1073.
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. M., & Risi. (2003). Autism diagnostic observation schedule. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Lovaas, O. I. (2003). Teaching individuals with developmental delays: Basic intervention techniques. Austin: Pro-Ed.
Mullen, E. M. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. Circle Pines: American Guidance Service.
Mundy, P., & Hogan, A. (1996). A preliminary manual for the early social communication scales. Coral Gables: University of Miami.
Mundy, P., Sigman, M., Ungerer, J., & Sherman, T. (1986). Defining the social deficits of autism: the contribution of nonverbal communication measures. Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry, 27, 657–669. CrossRef
Reichow, B., Barton, E.E., Boyd, B.A., & Hume, K. (2012). Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD009260. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009260.pub2.
Rogers, S. J., Estes, A., Lord, C., Vismara, L., Winter, J., Fitzpatrick, A., & Dawson, G. (2012). Effects of a brief Early Start Denver Model (ESDM)–based parent intervention on toddlers at risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51, 1052–1065. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism diagnostic interview-revised. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Schafer, J. L. (1997). Analysis of incomplete multivariate data. London: Chapman & Hall. CrossRef
Sigman, M., & Ruskin, E. (1999). Continuity and change in the social competence of children with autism, Down syndrome, and developmental delays. Monographs of the Society for Research on Child Development, 64, 1–114. CrossRef
Smith, I. M., Koegel, R. L., Koegel, L. K., Openden, D. A., Fossum, K. L., & Bryson, S. E. (2010). Effectiveness of a novel community-based early intervention model for children with autistic spectrum disorder. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 115, 504–523. CrossRefPubMed
Smith, T. (2010). Early and intensive behavioral intervention in autism. In A. E. Kazdin & J. Weisz (Eds.), Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents (2nd ed., pp. 312–326). New York: Guilford Press.
Smith, T. (2011). Applied behavior analysis and early intensive intervention. In D. G. Amaral, G. Dawson, & D. H. Geschwind (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorders (pp. 1037–1055). New York: Oxford University Press.
Soke, G. N., Philofsky, A., Diguiseppi, C., Lezotte, D., Rogers, S., & Hepburn, S. (2011). Longitudinal changes in scores on the Autism Diagnostic Interview–Revised (ADI-R) in pre-school children with autism: implications for diagnostic classification and symptom stability. Autism, 15, 545–562. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Sparrow, S. S., Balla, D. A., & Cicchetti, D. V. (1984). Vineland adaptive behavior scales. Minnesota: American Guidance Service.
Strain, P. S., & Bovey, E. H. (2011). Randomized control trial of the LEAP model of early intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorders. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 31, 133–154. CrossRef
Uzgiris, I. C., & Hunt, J. M. (1975). Assessment in infancy: Ordinal scales of psychological development. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Zachor, D. A., & Itzchak, E. B. (2010). Treatment approach, autism severity and intervention outcomes in young children. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 425–432. CrossRef
- Predicting Outcome of Community-Based Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention for Children with Autism
Daniel W. Mruzek
- Springer US