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09-06-2022

Predicting college students’ COVID-19 vaccination behavior: an application of the extended parallel process model

Auteurs: Anthony J. Roberto, Xin Zhou

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 1-2/2023

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Abstract

The two studies reported in the paper examined (1) the extended parallel process model’s (EPPM; Witte 1992) ability to predict and explain college students’ COVID-19 vaccination behavior, and (2) the EPPM-related reasons for college students’ COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. Study 1 was a longitudinal study that measured the EPPM constructs at Time 1 and COVID-19 vaccine behavior two months later at Time 2. For danger control, results indicate that perceived threat and perceived efficacy positively predicted intentions and that intentions positively predicted behavior. For fear control, results indicate that perceived threat positively predicted fear, that perceived efficacy did not predict fear, and that fear negatively predicted defensive avoidance, reactance, and fatalism. Study 2 was a cross-sectional survey that assessed EPPM-related reasons for vaccine hesitancy. Results indicate that the main reasons for vaccine hesitancy were related to response efficacy (i.e., participants were concerned about the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine). The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
We conducted two different longitudinal studies using two different samples during the Spring 2021 semester: (1) the EPPM study reported here – conducted in early February 2021 and late April 2021, and (2) one on information seeking regarding the COVID-19 vaccine – conducted in January 2021 and late April 2021. Though each study had a different sample and a different focus, they both included the same measure of vaccine behavior and vaccine hesitancy at Time 2. The vaccine hesitancy results are reported in only this manuscript.
 
2
Post-hoc analyses indicate that our convenience sample of college students was more likely to use fatalism than either defensive avoidance, t (157) = 5.65, p < .001, or reactance, t (157) = 7.30, p < .001, and that defensive avoidance and reactance tended to be used equally, t (157) = 1.49, p < .14 (i.e., fatalism > defensive avoidance = reactance).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Predicting college students’ COVID-19 vaccination behavior: an application of the extended parallel process model
Auteurs
Anthony J. Roberto
Xin Zhou
Publicatiedatum
09-06-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 1-2/2023
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-022-00330-5

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