Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

01-10-2005

Post-Institutional Autistic Syndrome in Romanian Adoptees

Auteurs: René Hoksbergen, Jan ter Laak, Kathinka Rijk, Cor van Dijkum, Felicia Stoutjesdijk

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2005

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Romanian adoptees have a background of severe neglect. International research has shown that this can give rise to symptoms of autistic behavior. Rutter et al. (1999, Journal of Child Psychology Psychiatry, 40(4), 537–549.) refers to “quasi-autistic patterns”, and Federici (1998, Help for the hopelss child: A guide for families. Alexandria: Federici & Assocoates.) to Post-Institutional Autistic Syndrome (PIAS). Eighty Romanian adoptees, averaging 8 years of age, who had resided in the Netherlands for 5 years were studied. Parent interviews and the Auti-R scale showed the extent to which the children exhibited PIAS. In one third of these children we observed (in addition to other behavioral problems) stereotypic behaviors and communication and language disorders. Our findings resembled the Rutter et al. (1999, Journal of Child Psychology Psychiatry, 40(4), 537–549). data. Six of the children were classified within the autistic spectrum pursuant to the Auti-R, and seven within the so-called intermediate group. No difference was found between the girls and the boys. Children who had been in their adoptive families for 5 years or more showed fewer behavior problems than children who had been in their adoptive families for four or less years.
Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach T. M., Edelbrock C. S., (1983). Manual for the child behavior checklist and revised profile. University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry, Burlington, VT Achenbach T. M., Edelbrock C. S., (1983). Manual for the child behavior checklist and revised profile. University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry, Burlington, VT
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association, (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Author, Washington D.C American Psychiatric Association, (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Author, Washington D.C
go back to reference Ames E. W., Fraser S., Burnaby B. C., (1997). The development of romanian orphanage children adopted to canada: Final report. Human Resources Development, Canada Ames E. W., Fraser S., Burnaby B. C., (1997). The development of romanian orphanage children adopted to canada: Final report. Human Resources Development, Canada
go back to reference Bowlby J., (1946). Forty-four juvenile thieves: Their characteristics and home life. Bailliere, Tindall & Cox, London Bowlby J., (1946). Forty-four juvenile thieves: Their characteristics and home life. Bailliere, Tindall & Cox, London
go back to reference Bowlby J., (1971). Attachment and loss. Vol. 1 Attachemnt. Penquin Books, Harmondsworth Bowlby J., (1971). Attachment and loss. Vol. 1 Attachemnt. Penquin Books, Harmondsworth
go back to reference Buitelaar J. K., Willemsen-Swinkels S. H. N., (2000). Autism current theories regarding its pathogenesis and implications for rational pharmacotherapy Peadiatric Drugs 2(1):67–81 Buitelaar J. K., Willemsen-Swinkels S. H. N., (2000). Autism current theories regarding its pathogenesis and implications for rational pharmacotherapy Peadiatric Drugs 2(1):67–81
go back to reference Cohen D. J., Volkmar F. R., (1997). Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. Wiley & Sons, New York Cohen D. J., Volkmar F. R., (1997). Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. Wiley & Sons, New York
go back to reference Dahl K., Cohen D. J., Provence S., (1986). Clinical and multivariate approaches to nosology of pervasive developmental disorders Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 25: 170–180CrossRef Dahl K., Cohen D. J., Provence S., (1986). Clinical and multivariate approaches to nosology of pervasive developmental disorders Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 25: 170–180CrossRef
go back to reference Eisenmajer R., Prior M., Leekman S., Wing L., Gould J., Welham M., Ong B., (1996). Comparison of clinical symptoms in autism and Asperger’s syndrome Journal of the American Academy of child and adolescent Psychiatry 35:1523–1531PubMedCrossRef Eisenmajer R., Prior M., Leekman S., Wing L., Gould J., Welham M., Ong B., (1996). Comparison of clinical symptoms in autism and Asperger’s syndrome Journal of the American Academy of child and adolescent Psychiatry 35:1523–1531PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Federici F., (1998). Help for the hopeless child: A guide for families. Federici & Associates, Alexandria Federici F., (1998). Help for the hopeless child: A guide for families. Federici & Associates, Alexandria
go back to reference Fraiberg S., (1977). Insights from the blind. Basic Books, New York Fraiberg S., (1977). Insights from the blind. Basic Books, New York
go back to reference Groenendaal H., Dekovic M., (2000). Risicofactoren voor kwaliteit van de opvoeding Pedagogiek, wetenschappelijk forum voor opvoeding, vorming en onderwijs 20(1):3–22 Groenendaal H., Dekovic M., (2000). Risicofactoren voor kwaliteit van de opvoeding Pedagogiek, wetenschappelijk forum voor opvoeding, vorming en onderwijs 20(1):3–22
go back to reference Hoksbergen R. A. C., Walenkamp H., (Red., 1983). Adoptie uit de Kinderschoenen. Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum, Houten Hoksbergen R. A. C., Walenkamp H., (Red., 1983). Adoptie uit de Kinderschoenen. Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum, Houten
go back to reference Hoksbergen R. A. C., Walenkamp H., (Red., 1991). Kind van andere ouders. Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum, Houten Hoksbergen R. A. C., Walenkamp H., (Red., 1991). Kind van andere ouders. Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum, Houten
go back to reference Hoksbergen R. A. C., (1996). Traumabeleving door geadopteerden Tijdschrift voor orthopedagogiek 35:279–293 Hoksbergen R. A. C., (1996). Traumabeleving door geadopteerden Tijdschrift voor orthopedagogiek 35:279–293
go back to reference Hoksbergen, R. A. C. en de medewerkers van het Roemeniëproject. (1999). Adoptie van Roemeense kinderen: Ervaringen van ouders die tussen 1990 en medio 1997 een kind uit Roemenië adopteerden. Utrecht: Afdeling Adoptie Hoksbergen, R. A. C. en de medewerkers van het Roemeniëproject. (1999). Adoptie van Roemeense kinderen: Ervaringen van ouders die tussen 1990 en medio 1997 een kind uit Roemenië adopteerden. Utrecht: Afdeling Adoptie
go back to reference Hoksbergen R. A. C., Walenkamp H., (Red, 2000), Adoptie: een levenslang dilemma. Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum, Houten Hoksbergen R. A. C., Walenkamp H., (Red, 2000), Adoptie: een levenslang dilemma. Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum, Houten
go back to reference Hoksbergen R. A. C., (2000). De Nederlandse adoptiepraktijk, 1956–2000. In: René Hoksbergen, Hans Walenkamp, (Red.), Adoptie: een levenslang dilemma. Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum, Houten Hoksbergen R. A. C., (2000). De Nederlandse adoptiepraktijk, 1956–2000. In: René Hoksbergen, Hans Walenkamp, (Red.), Adoptie: een levenslang dilemma. Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum, Houten
go back to reference Hoksbergen R. A. C., Stoutjesdijk F., Rijk S., van Dijkum C., Rijk K., (2003). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in adopted children from Romania American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 73(3):255–265PubMedCrossRef Hoksbergen R. A. C., Stoutjesdijk F., Rijk S., van Dijkum C., Rijk K., (2003). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in adopted children from Romania American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 73(3):255–265PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hoksbergen R. A. C., Van Dijkum C., (2001). Trauma experienced by children adopted from abroad Adoption & Fostering 25(2):1–8 Hoksbergen R. A. C., Van Dijkum C., (2001). Trauma experienced by children adopted from abroad Adoption & Fostering 25(2):1–8
go back to reference Human Rights Watch, (1998). Abandoned to the state, cruelty and neglect in Russian orphanages. Human Rights Watch, New York Human Rights Watch, (1998). Abandoned to the state, cruelty and neglect in Russian orphanages. Human Rights Watch, New York
go back to reference Jenista J. A., (1992). Disease in adopted children from Romania Journal of the American Medical Association 268:601PubMedCrossRef Jenista J. A., (1992). Disease in adopted children from Romania Journal of the American Medical Association 268:601PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Johnson A., Miller I., Iverson S., Thomas W., Franchino B., Dole K., Kierman M., Georgieff M., Hostetter M., (1992). The health of children adopted from Romania Journal of the American Medical Association, 268(24):3446–3451PubMedCrossRef Johnson A., Miller I., Iverson S., Thomas W., Franchino B., Dole K., Kierman M., Georgieff M., Hostetter M., (1992). The health of children adopted from Romania Journal of the American Medical Association, 268(24):3446–3451PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Johnson D., (1999). Adopting a Post-Institutionalized Child: What are the Risks? In: T. Tepper, L. Hannon, D. Sanstrom, (Eds), Parent network for the post-institutionalized child. international adoption: Challenges and opportunities. PNPIC, Meadow Lands 8–12 Johnson D., (1999). Adopting a Post-Institutionalized Child: What are the Risks? In: T. Tepper, L. Hannon, D. Sanstrom, (Eds), Parent network for the post-institutionalized child. international adoption: Challenges and opportunities. PNPIC, Meadow Lands 8–12
go back to reference Justitie, 2001. U wilt een kind uit het buitenland adopteren. Ministerie van Justitie, Den Haag Justitie, 2001. U wilt een kind uit het buitenland adopteren. Ministerie van Justitie, Den Haag
go back to reference Kreppner, J. M., O’Connor, T. G., Rutter, M., & The English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team (2001). Can inattention/overactivity be an institutional deprivation syndrome? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(6), 513–528 Kreppner, J. M., O’Connor, T. G., Rutter, M., & The English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team (2001). Can inattention/overactivity be an institutional deprivation syndrome? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(6), 513–528
go back to reference Ladee-Levy J. D., (1990). Psychische Problemen bij Somatisch Zieke Kinderen. In: J. A. R. Sanders-Woudstra, H. F. J. Witte, (Red), Leerboek Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Van Gorcum, Assen/Maastricht 246–270 Ladee-Levy J. D., (1990). Psychische Problemen bij Somatisch Zieke Kinderen. In: J. A. R. Sanders-Woudstra, H. F. J. Witte, (Red), Leerboek Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Van Gorcum, Assen/Maastricht 246–270
go back to reference McGlone K., Santos L., Kazama L., Fong R., Mueller C., (2002). Psychological Stress in Adoptive Parents of Special-Needs Children Child Welfare League of America LXXXI(2):151–171 McGlone K., Santos L., Kazama L., Fong R., Mueller C., (2002). Psychological Stress in Adoptive Parents of Special-Needs Children Child Welfare League of America LXXXI(2):151–171
go back to reference Miller B. C., Fan X., Christensen M., Grotevant H. D., Van Dulmen M., (2000). Comparisons of adopted and nonadopted adolescents in a large, nationally representative sample Child Development 71(5):1458–1473PubMedCrossRef Miller B. C., Fan X., Christensen M., Grotevant H. D., Van Dulmen M., (2000). Comparisons of adopted and nonadopted adolescents in a large, nationally representative sample Child Development 71(5):1458–1473PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference O’Connor, T. G., Rutter, M., & The English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. (1999). Attachment disorder behavior following early severe deprivation: Extension and longitudinal follow-up. Journal American Academy Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(6), 703–712 O’Connor, T. G., Rutter, M., & The English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. (1999). Attachment disorder behavior following early severe deprivation: Extension and longitudinal follow-up. Journal American Academy Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(6), 703–712
go back to reference O’Connor, T. G., Bredenkamp, D., Rutter, M., & The English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. (1999). Attachment disturbances and disorders in children exposed to early severe deprivation. Infant Mental Health Journal, 20(1), 10–29 O’Connor, T. G., Bredenkamp, D., Rutter, M., & The English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. (1999). Attachment disturbances and disorders in children exposed to early severe deprivation. Infant Mental Health Journal, 20(1), 10–29
go back to reference Peters B. R., Atkins M. S., McKernan McKay M., (1999). Adopted children’s behavior problems: A review of five explanatory models Clinical Psychological Review 19(3):297–328CrossRef Peters B. R., Atkins M. S., McKernan McKay M., (1999). Adopted children’s behavior problems: A review of five explanatory models Clinical Psychological Review 19(3):297–328CrossRef
go back to reference Rutter M., (1979). Verwaarlozing van jonge kinderen. Het Spectrum. Utrecht Rutter M., (1979). Verwaarlozing van jonge kinderen. Het Spectrum. Utrecht
go back to reference Rutter, M., Andersen-Wood, L., Beckett, C., Bredenkamp, D., Castle, J., Groothues, C., Kreppner, J., Keaveney, L., Lord, C., O’Connor, T. G., & The English and Romanian Adoptees (ERA) Study Team. (1999). Quasi-autistic patterns following severe early global privation. Journal Child Psychology Psychiatry, 40(4), 537–549 Rutter, M., Andersen-Wood, L., Beckett, C., Bredenkamp, D., Castle, J., Groothues, C., Kreppner, J., Keaveney, L., Lord, C., O’Connor, T. G., & The English and Romanian Adoptees (ERA) Study Team. (1999). Quasi-autistic patterns following severe early global privation. Journal Child Psychology Psychiatry, 40(4), 537–549
go back to reference Rutter M., (1991). Autism as a genetic disorder. In: P. McGuffin, R. Murray, (Eds), The new genetics of mental illness. Butterworth-Heineman, Oxford 225–244 Rutter M., (1991). Autism as a genetic disorder. In: P. McGuffin, R. Murray, (Eds), The new genetics of mental illness. Butterworth-Heineman, Oxford 225–244
go back to reference Sorgedrager N., (1988). Oriënterend medisch onderzoek en groeistudie van buitenlandse adoptiekinderen. Cicero, Haren Sorgedrager N., (1988). Oriënterend medisch onderzoek en groeistudie van buitenlandse adoptiekinderen. Cicero, Haren
go back to reference Spitz R. A., (1945). Hospitalism: An inquiry into the genesis of psychiatric conditions in early childhood The psychoanalytic study of the child 1:53–74 Spitz R. A., (1945). Hospitalism: An inquiry into the genesis of psychiatric conditions in early childhood The psychoanalytic study of the child 1:53–74
go back to reference Van Berckelaer-Onnes, I. A., & van der Gaag R. J. (1999). Pervasieve ontwikkelingsstoornissen: een spectrum van autistische stoornissen. In: Handboek kinderen & Adolescenten, December 1999, B 030–1 tot B 030–16 Van Berckelaer-Onnes, I. A., & van der Gaag R. J. (1999). Pervasieve ontwikkelingsstoornissen: een spectrum van autistische stoornissen. In: Handboek kinderen & Adolescenten, December 1999, B 030–1 tot B 030–16
go back to reference Van Berckelaer-Onnes I. A., Hoekman J., (1991). Handleiding en verantwoording van de Auti-R schaal ten behoeve van de onderkenning van vroegkinderlijk autisme. Swets & Zeitlinger, Lisse Van Berckelaer-Onnes I. A., Hoekman J., (1991). Handleiding en verantwoording van de Auti-R schaal ten behoeve van de onderkenning van vroegkinderlijk autisme. Swets & Zeitlinger, Lisse
go back to reference Verhulst F. C., Althaus M., Versluis-den Bieman H. J. M., (1992). Damaging backgrounds: Later adjustment of international adoptees Journal of the American academy of child and adolescent psychiatry 31(3):518–524PubMedCrossRef Verhulst F. C., Althaus M., Versluis-den Bieman H. J. M., (1992). Damaging backgrounds: Later adjustment of international adoptees Journal of the American academy of child and adolescent psychiatry 31(3):518–524PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Verschure, J., (2001). Roemeense adoptiekinderen binnen het speciaal onderwijs. Utrecht: Afd. Adoptie, Thesis Verschure, J., (2001). Roemeense adoptiekinderen binnen het speciaal onderwijs. Utrecht: Afd. Adoptie, Thesis
go back to reference Verrier N. N., (1993). The Primal Wound, understanding the adopted child. Gateway Press, inc, Baltimore Verrier N. N., (1993). The Primal Wound, understanding the adopted child. Gateway Press, inc, Baltimore
go back to reference Wierzbicki M., (1993). Psychological adjustment of adoptees: A meta-analysis Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 22(4):447–454CrossRef Wierzbicki M., (1993). Psychological adjustment of adoptees: A meta-analysis Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 22(4):447–454CrossRef
go back to reference Wing L., Gould J., (1979). Severe impairments of social interaction and associated abnormalities in children Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9:11–29PubMedCrossRef Wing L., Gould J., (1979). Severe impairments of social interaction and associated abnormalities in children Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9:11–29PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wing J., (2000). Leven met Uw autistische kind. Een gids voor ouders en begeleiders. Lisse-Swets & Zeitlinger Wing J., (2000). Leven met Uw autistische kind. Een gids voor ouders en begeleiders. Lisse-Swets & Zeitlinger
go back to reference Zeanah C. H., (2000). Disturbances of attachment in young children adopted from Institutions Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 21:230–236 Zeanah C. H., (2000). Disturbances of attachment in young children adopted from Institutions Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 21:230–236
Metagegevens
Titel
Post-Institutional Autistic Syndrome in Romanian Adoptees
Auteurs
René Hoksbergen
Jan ter Laak
Kathinka Rijk
Cor van Dijkum
Felicia Stoutjesdijk
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2005
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2005
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-005-0005-x

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2005

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2005 Naar de uitgave

OriginalPaper

Ask the Editor