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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 6/2021

24-07-2020 | Original Article

Pitch height and brightness both contribute to elicit the SMARC effect: a replication study with expert musicians

Auteurs: Marco Pitteri, Mauro Marchetti, Massimo Grassi, Konstantinos Priftis

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 6/2021

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Abstract

Pitch-height can be represented in a spatial format. Reaction times (RTs) to lower pitch-heights are faster when responses are executed in the lower side of space, whereas RTs to higher pitch-heights are faster when responses are executed in the upper side of space. This effect is called the Spatial-Music Association of Response Codes (SMARC) effect. We investigated how pitch-height and the brightness of a tone’s timbre might contribute in eliciting the SMARC effect as a function of music expertise by comparing the results of 24 musicians with the results we gathered previously (Pitteri et al., 2017) with 24 non-musicians. Three experimental conditions were used: pitch-height varied, brightness varied; pitch-height varied, brightness fixed; pitch-height fixed, brightness varied. We found that the coherent modulation of both pitch-height and brightness elicited the strongest SMARC effect, independently of music expertise. These results add evidence to the hypothesis that the strongest SMARC effect does not belong to pitch-height or brightness, but to pitch-height and brightness together.
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Literatuur
go back to reference McAdams, S. (2013). Musical timbre perception. In D. Deutsch (Ed.), The psychology of music (pp. 35–67). San Diego: Elsevier/Academic Press. CrossRef McAdams, S. (2013). Musical timbre perception. In D. Deutsch (Ed.), The psychology of music (pp. 35–67). San Diego: Elsevier/Academic Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Prpic, V., & Domijan, D. (2018). Linear representation of pitch height in the SMARC effect. Psihologijske Teme, 27, 437–452. CrossRef Prpic, V., & Domijan, D. (2018). Linear representation of pitch height in the SMARC effect. Psihologijske Teme, 27, 437–452. CrossRef
go back to reference Van Selst, M., & Jolicoeur, P. (1994). A solution to the effect of sample size on outlier elimination. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 47(3), 631–650. Van Selst, M., & Jolicoeur, P. (1994). A solution to the effect of sample size on outlier elimination. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 47(3), 631–650.
Metagegevens
Titel
Pitch height and brightness both contribute to elicit the SMARC effect: a replication study with expert musicians
Auteurs
Marco Pitteri
Mauro Marchetti
Massimo Grassi
Konstantinos Priftis
Publicatiedatum
24-07-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 6/2021
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01395-0