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30-09-2017 | Uitgave 1/2018

Quality of Life Research 1/2018

Physical activity and health-related quality of life among schoolchildren from disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 1/2018
Auteurs:
Marina Salvini, Stefanie Gall, Ivan Müller, Cheryl Walter, Rosa du Randt, Peter Steinmann, Jürg Utzinger, Uwe Pühse, Markus Gerber
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Marina Salvini and Stefanie Gall have contributed equally to this article.

Abstract

Purpose

The relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL), physical activity (PA), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among disadvantaged communities in low- and middle-income countries is poorly understood. In South Africa, children from socioeconomically deprived households are at an elevated risk of sedentary lifestyles and poor HRQoL. We examined whether higher self-reported PA and higher CRF levels are associated with better HRQoL in South African schoolchildren from disadvantaged neighbourhoods.

Methods

Overall, 832 children aged 8–12 years participated in this cross-sectional study. HRQoL was assessed through five dimensions of the KIDSCREEN-27 tool. Self-reported PA was measured using a single item of the Health-Behaviour of School-Aged Children test, and CRF with the 20-m shuttle run test.

Results

Higher self-reported PA was significantly and positively related to HRQoL. Significant, but small group differences existed across all dimensions of HRQoL between low and high self-reported PA. No significant associations were observed between CRF levels and HRQoL.

Conclusions

Schoolchildren reporting PA of at least 60 min on at least 6 days a week (the recommended minimum) report higher HRQoL than their peers with lower PA levels.

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