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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2015

15-07-2014 | Original Paper

Personality Pathology of Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder Without Accompanying Intellectual Impairment in Comparison to Adults With Personality Disorders

Auteurs: Sandra Strunz, Linda Westphal, Kathrin Ritter, Isabella Heuser, Isabel Dziobek, Stefan Roepke

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 12/2015

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Abstract

Differentiating autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) without accompanying intellectual impairment from personality disorders is often challenging. Identifying personality traits and personality pathology specific to ASD might facilitate diagnostic procedure. We recruited a sample of 59 adults with ASD without accompanying intellectual impairment, 62 individuals with narcissistic personality disorder, 80 individuals with borderline personality disorder, and 106 nonclinical controls. Personality traits, measured with the neo-personality inventory-revised (NEO-PI-R), and personality pathology, measured with the dimensional assessment of personality pathology (DAPP-BQ), were assessed. Personality traits and personality pathology specific to ASD could be identified. ASD individuals scored significantly lower on the NEO-PI-R scales extraversion and openness to experience and significantly higher on the DAPP-BQ scales inhibitedness and compulsivity relative to all other groups. Diagnostic implications are discussed.
Voetnoten
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Please note that the high F-values are predominantly caused by the difference between the clinical groups and the nonclinical controls.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Personality Pathology of Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder Without Accompanying Intellectual Impairment in Comparison to Adults With Personality Disorders
Auteurs
Sandra Strunz
Linda Westphal
Kathrin Ritter
Isabella Heuser
Isabel Dziobek
Stefan Roepke
Publicatiedatum
15-07-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 12/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2183-x

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