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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2008

01-06-2008

Personality as a Prospective Vulnerability to Dysphoric Symptoms Among College Students: Proposed Mechanisms

Auteurs: Zia Lakdawalla, Benjamin L. Hankin

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 2/2008

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Abstract

Personality and psychopathology have long been associated; however, the mechanisms that account for this link are not well understood. Stress generation and cognitive vulnerability are examined as potential mechanisms to explain the association between negative emotionality and dysphoria. To evaluate these mechanisms, college students completed measures of personality, dysfunctional attitudes, negative cognitive style, dysphoric symptoms, and negative events. Two years later the same students reported on the occurrence of negative events and levels of dysphoric symptoms that they had experienced over the 2-year follow-up period. Consistent with hypotheses, negative emotionality predicted prospective increases in dysphoric symptoms and the generation of more stressors over time. Both dysfunctional attitudes and negative cognitive style interacted with these additional stressors to predict prospective elevations in dysphoria, and these cognitive vulnerability–stress components partially mediated the association between negative emotionality and future elevations of dysphoric symptoms.
Voetnoten
1
Recent research examining neuroticism and stress found that daily stress and neuroticism interacted to predict daily negative affect (Mroczek and Almeida 2004). This finding raises the obvious question that neuroticism may function as a moderator for the cognitive vulnerability X stress interaction in the prediction of future levels of depression. To address this question we examined NEM-Stress Reaction as a moderator of the stress–depression link and the interaction of stress and cognitive vulnerability for each type of cognitive vulnerability. No interactions (i.e. the NEM X stress interaction, nor the NEM X Cognitive Vulnerability X Stress) predicted T2 depression after entering all necessary variables earlier in the regressions. These analyses suggest that NEM-Stress Reaction does not serve as a moderator.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Personality as a Prospective Vulnerability to Dysphoric Symptoms Among College Students: Proposed Mechanisms
Auteurs
Zia Lakdawalla
Benjamin L. Hankin
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 2/2008
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-007-9053-1

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