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29-05-2015 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE ‐ ICIN | Uitgave 10/2015 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 10/2015

Peripheral arterial tonometry cannot detect patients at low risk of coronary artery disease

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 10/2015
Auteurs:
M. van den Heuvel, O. Sorop, P.J. Musters, R.T. van Domburg, T.W. Galema, D.J. Duncker, W.J. van der Giessen, K. Nieman
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Willem J. van der Giessen died on 6 June 2011

Abstract

Background

Endothelial dysfunction precedes coronary artery disease (CAD) and can be measured by peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT). We examined the applicability of PAT to detect a low risk of CAD in a chest pain clinic.

Methods

In 93 patients, PAT was performed resulting in reactive hyperaemia (RHI) and augmentation (AIx) indices. Patients were risk classified according to HeartScore, Diamond and Forrester pretest probability (DF), exercise testing (X-ECG), and computed tomography calcium scoring (CCS) and angiography (CTA). Correlations, risk group differences and prediction of revascularisation within 1 year were calculated.

Results

RHI correlated with HeartScore (r = − 0.21, p = 0.05), AIx with DF (r = 0.26, p = 0.01). However, both were not significantly different between normal and ischaemic X-ECG groups. In addition RHI and AIx were similar between low risk as compared with intermediate-to-high risk, based on risk algorithms (RHI: 1.98 (0.67) vs 1.94 (0.78); AIx: 0.0 (21) vs 5.0 (25); p = NS), or CCS and CTA (RHI: 1.99 (0.58) vs 1.89 (0.82); AIx: − 2.0 (24) vs 4.0 (25); p = NS). Finally, RHI and AIx failed to predict revascularisation (RHI: OR 1.42, CI 0.65–3.1; AIx: OR 1.02, CI 0.98–1.05).

Conclusions

PAT cannot detect a low risk of CAD, possibly because RHI and AIx versus X-ECG, CCS and CTA represent independent processes.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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