Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Although a growing body of psychological literature has examined the influence of culture on parenting style, relatively less attention has been paid to gender differences in parenting style across cultures. The present study examined perceptions of parenting style as a function of participant’s culture, participant’s gender, and parent gender in college students in India and the United States. Using a new vignette-based self-report measure that characterizes each of Baumrind’s three parenting styles, participants rated perceptions of effectiveness, helpfulness, caring, and normativeness of each style. Contrary to expectation, results showed that Indian college students considered the parent demonstrating permissive parenting to be more effective and helpful than US college students. In contrast, US college students considered the parents demonstrating authoritative and authoritarian parenting to be more effective, helpful, and caring than Indian college students. A majority of Indian and US college students selected the parent demonstrating authoritative parenting as most similar to their own parents, and the type of parent they wish to be in the future. Females considered the parent demonstrating authoritative parenting to be more effective and helpful than males. Relatively few effects of parent gender were found.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baumrind, D. (1966). Effects of authoritative parental control on child behavior. Child Development,37(4), 887–907. CrossRef
Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology Monographs, 4(1, Pt. 2), 1–102.
Block, J. H. (1981). The child-rearing practices report (CRPR); A set of Q items for the description of parental socialization attitudes and values. Berkeley: University of California, Institute of Human Development.
Chao, R. (2000). The parenting of immigrant Chinese and European American mothers: Relations between parenting styles, socialization goals, and parental practices. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology,21(2), 233–248. CrossRef
Conrade, G., & Ho, R. (2001). Differential parenting styles for fathers and mothers: Differential treatment for sons and daughters. Australian Journal of Psychology,53(1), 29–35. CrossRef
Darling, N., & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting style as context: An integrative model. Developmental Psychology,113(3), 487–496.
Garg, R., Levin, E., Urajnik, D., & Kauppi, C. (2005). Parenting style and academic achievement for East Indian and Canadian adolescents. Journal of Comparative Family Studies,36, 653–661.
Jambunathan, S., & Counselman, K. (2002). Parenting attitudes of Asian Indian mothers living in the United States and in India. Early Child Development & Care,172(6), 657–662. CrossRef
Keller, H., & Otto, H. (2009). The cultural socialization of emotion regulation during infancy. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology,40(6), 996–1011. CrossRef
Kurtz, S. N. (1992). All the mothers are one: Hindu India and the cultural reshaping of psychoanalysis. New York: Columbia University press.
Leung, K., Lau, S., & Lam, W. L. (1998). Parenting styles and achievement: A cross-cultural study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly,44, 157–172.
Lytton, H., & Romney, D. (1991). Parents’ differential socialization of boys and girls: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin,109(2), 267–296. CrossRef
Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. A. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: Parent–child interaction. In P. H. Mussen & E. M. Hetherington (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol 4. Socialization, personality, and social development (4th ed.). New York: Wiley.
Natarajan, A. D., Raval, V. V., Raval, P. H., Trivedi, S. S., & Barnhart, C. M. (2010, July). Culture and perceived parenting style: Implications for interpersonal and academic functioning in Indian and American college students. In V. V. Raval (chair), Parenting and youth well-being in Gujarat, India. Paper presented at The 21st Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development, Lusaka, Zambia.
Patel-Amin, N., & Power, T. (2002). Modernity and childrearing in families of Gujarati Indian adolescents. International Journal of Psychology,37(4), 239–245. CrossRef
Poole, M., Sundberg, N., & Tyler, L. (1982). Adolescents’ perceptions of family decision-making and autonomy in India, Australia, and the United States. Journal of Comparative Family Studies,13(1), 349–357.
Robinson, C. C., Mandleco, B., Olson, S. F., & Hart, C. H. (1995). Authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting practices: Development of a new measure. Psychological Reports,77, 819–830. CrossRef
Roopnarine, J. L., Talukder, E., Jain, D., Joshi, P., & Srivastav, P. (1990). Characteristics of holding, patterns of play, and social behaviors between parents and infants in New Delhi. India. Developmental Psychology,26(4), 667–673. CrossRef
Rothbaum, F., & Trommsdorff, G. (2007). Do roots and wings complement or oppose on another? The socialization of relatedness and autonomy in cultural context. In J. G. Grusec & P. D. Hastings (Eds.), Handbook of socialization: Theory and research (pp. 461–489). New York: Guilford press.
Russell, A., & Aloa, V. (1998). Sex-based differences in parenting styles in a sample with preschool children. Australian Journal of Psychology,50(2), 89–99. CrossRef
Saraswathi, T. S., & Pai, S. (1997). Socialization in the Indian context. In H. S. R. Kao & D. Sinha (Eds.), Asian perspectives in psychology: Cross-cultural research and methodology series (Vol. 19, pp. 74–92). New Delhi: Sage.
Shek, D. T. L. (1999). Parenting characteristics and adolescent psychological well-being: A longitudinal study in a Chinese context. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs,125, 27–44. PubMed
Sorkhabi, N. (2005). Applicability of Baumrind’s parent typology to collective cultures: Analysis of cultural explanations of parent socialization effects. International Journal of Behavioral Development,29(6), 552–563.
Winsler, A., Madigan, A., & Aquilino, S. (2005). Correspondence between maternal and paternal parenting styles in early childhood. Early Childhood Research Quarterly,20(1), 1–12. CrossRef
- Perceptions of Parenting Style Among College Students in India and the United States
Caitlin M. Barnhart
Vaishali V. Raval
Pratiksha H. Raval
- Springer US