Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2018

13-02-2018 | Original Paper

Perceptions of Adequate Personal Time and Wellbeing among African American Families with Adolescents

Auteurs: Mia Budescu, Amanda Sisselman-Borgia, Ronald D. Taylor

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 6/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The current study examines the perception of adequate personal or leisure time, and its association with family and caregiver functioning, among a sample of low-income African American families. The investigation is grounded in Conservation of Resources (COR) theory which predicts that caregivers who perceive more adequate personal time will also report higher levels of optimism and lower levels of depressive symptoms, and will have adolescents who report more household routines and less psychologically controlling parenting. A total of 115 caregiver-adolescent (age 14–18) dyads were recruited from a low-income, predominantly African American neighborhood in a major metropolitan center in the United States as part of a larger survey on African American family life. Results indicate that caregivers report perceiving inadequate amounts of time to sleep, get enough exercise, and relax. Caregivers also report comparatively less adequate personal time than time with children. Analyses reveal that caregivers who perceive having more adequate leisure or personal time, report fewer depressive symptoms and higher levels of optimism, after controlling for perceptions of adequate financial resources. Alternatively, there was no association between perceptions of free or leisure time and parenting behaviors, including maintenance of household routines and the use of psychological control. The results underscore the need to examine non-material resources, and their association with wellbeing.
Literatuur
go back to reference Ajzen, I., Czasch, C., & Flood, M. G. (2009). From intentions to behavior: implementation intention, commitment, and conscientiousness. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39(6), 1356–1372. CrossRef Ajzen, I., Czasch, C., & Flood, M. G. (2009). From intentions to behavior: implementation intention, commitment, and conscientiousness. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39(6), 1356–1372. CrossRef
go back to reference Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67(6), 3296–3319. PubMedCrossRef Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67(6), 3296–3319. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bianchi, S. M., Robinson, J. P., & Milke, M. A. (2006). The changing rhythms of American family life. Washington, DC: Russell Sage Foundation. Bianchi, S. M., Robinson, J. P., & Milke, M. A. (2006). The changing rhythms of American family life. Washington, DC: Russell Sage Foundation.
go back to reference Bianchi, S.M. (2009). What gives when mothers are employed? Parental time allocation in dual-earner and single-earner two-parent families. In D.R. Crane, E.J. Hill (Eds.), Handbook of families and work: interdisciplinary perspectives (pp. 305–330). Lanham, MD: University Press of America. Bianchi, S.M. (2009). What gives when mothers are employed? Parental time allocation in dual-earner and single-earner two-parent families. In D.R. Crane, E.J. Hill (Eds.), Handbook of families and work: interdisciplinary perspectives (pp. 305–330). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
go back to reference Boniwell, I., Osin, E., & Sircova, A. (2014). Introducing time perspective coaching: a new approach to improve time management enhances well-being. International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring, 12(2), 24–40. Boniwell, I., Osin, E., & Sircova, A. (2014). Introducing time perspective coaching: a new approach to improve time management enhances well-being. International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring, 12(2), 24–40.
go back to reference Brennan, P. A., Le Brocque, R., & Hammen, C. (2003). Maternal depression, parent–child relationships, and resilient outcomes in adolescence. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(12), 1469–1477. CrossRef Brennan, P. A., Le Brocque, R., & Hammen, C. (2003). Maternal depression, parent–child relationships, and resilient outcomes in adolescence. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(12), 1469–1477. CrossRef
go back to reference Brody, G. H., & Flor, D. L. (1997). Maternal psychological functioning, family processes, and child adjustment in rural, single-parent, African American families. Developmental Psychology, 33(6), 1000–1011. PubMedCrossRef Brody, G. H., & Flor, D. L. (1997). Maternal psychological functioning, family processes, and child adjustment in rural, single-parent, African American families. Developmental Psychology, 33(6), 1000–1011. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brody, G. H., Dorsey, S., Forehand, R., & Armistead, L. (2002). Unique and protective contributions of parenting and classroom processes to the adjustment of African American children living in single‐parent families. Child Development, 73(1), 274–286. PubMedCrossRef Brody, G. H., Dorsey, S., Forehand, R., & Armistead, L. (2002). Unique and protective contributions of parenting and classroom processes to the adjustment of African American children living in single‐parent families. Child Development, 73(1), 274–286. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Budescu, M., & Taylor, R. D. (2013). Order in the home: family routines moderate the impact of financial hardship. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 34(2), 63–72. CrossRef Budescu, M., & Taylor, R. D. (2013). Order in the home: family routines moderate the impact of financial hardship. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 34(2), 63–72. CrossRef
go back to reference Clark, S. M., Harvey, A. S., Shaw, S. M., & Michelson, W. (1990). Time use and leisure: subjective and objective aspects. Social Indicators Research, 23(4), 337–352. CrossRef Clark, S. M., Harvey, A. S., Shaw, S. M., & Michelson, W. (1990). Time use and leisure: subjective and objective aspects. Social Indicators Research, 23(4), 337–352. CrossRef
go back to reference Conger, R. D., & Elder, Jr, G. H. (1994). Families in troubled times: adapting to change in rural America. Social institutions and social change. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter. Conger, R. D., & Elder, Jr, G. H. (1994). Families in troubled times: adapting to change in rural America. Social institutions and social change. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
go back to reference Conger, R. D., Wallace, L. E., Sun, Y., Simons, R. L., McLoyd, V. C., & Brody, G. H. (2002). Economic pressure in African American families: a replication and extension of the family stress model. Developmental Psychology, 38(2), 179–193. PubMedCrossRef Conger, R. D., Wallace, L. E., Sun, Y., Simons, R. L., McLoyd, V. C., & Brody, G. H. (2002). Economic pressure in African American families: a replication and extension of the family stress model. Developmental Psychology, 38(2), 179–193. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Conger, R. D., & Donnellan, M. B. (2007). An interactionist perspective on the socioeconomic context of human development. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 175–199. PubMedCrossRef Conger, R. D., & Donnellan, M. B. (2007). An interactionist perspective on the socioeconomic context of human development. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 175–199. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Conley, D. (1999). Being black, living in the red: race, wealth, and social policy in America. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. Conley, D. (1999). Being black, living in the red: race, wealth, and social policy in America. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
go back to reference Craig, L., & Brown, J. E. (2014). Weekend work and leisure time with family and friends: who misses out? Journal of Marriage and Family, 76(4), 710–727. CrossRef Craig, L., & Brown, J. E. (2014). Weekend work and leisure time with family and friends: who misses out? Journal of Marriage and Family, 76(4), 710–727. CrossRef
go back to reference Craig, L., & Mullan, K. (2010). Parenthood, gender and work‐family time in the United States, Australia, Italy, France, and Denmark. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(5), 1344–1361. CrossRef Craig, L., & Mullan, K. (2010). Parenthood, gender and work‐family time in the United States, Australia, Italy, France, and Denmark. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(5), 1344–1361. CrossRef
go back to reference Cronkite, R. C., Moose, R. H., Twohey, K., Cohen, C., & Swindle, Jr., R. (1998). Life circumstances and personal resources as predictors of the ten-year course of depression. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26(2), 255–280. PubMedCrossRef Cronkite, R. C., Moose, R. H., Twohey, K., Cohen, C., & Swindle, Jr., R. (1998). Life circumstances and personal resources as predictors of the ten-year course of depression. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26(2), 255–280. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Finding flow: the psychology of engagement with everyday life. New York, NY: Basic Books. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Finding flow: the psychology of engagement with everyday life. New York, NY: Basic Books.
go back to reference Daly, K. J. (2001). Deconstructing family time: from ideology to lived experience. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63(2), 283–294. CrossRef Daly, K. J. (2001). Deconstructing family time: from ideology to lived experience. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63(2), 283–294. CrossRef
go back to reference DeVoe, S. E., & House, J. (2011). Time, money, and happiness: how does putting a price on time affect our ability to smell the roses? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(2), 466–474. CrossRef DeVoe, S. E., & House, J. (2011). Time, money, and happiness: how does putting a price on time affect our ability to smell the roses? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(2), 466–474. CrossRef
go back to reference Droit-Volet, S., & Meck, W. H. (2007). How emotions colour our perception of time. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11(12), 504–513. PubMedCrossRef Droit-Volet, S., & Meck, W. H. (2007). How emotions colour our perception of time. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11(12), 504–513. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dunst, C. J., & Leet, H. E. (1987). Measuring the adequacy of resources in households with young children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 13(2), 111–125. Dunst, C. J., & Leet, H. E. (1987). Measuring the adequacy of resources in households with young children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 13(2), 111–125.
go back to reference Elder, Jr, G. H., Eccles, J. S., Ardelt, M., & Lord, S. (1995). Inner-city parents under economic pressure: perspectives on the strategies of parenting. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57(3), 771–784. CrossRef Elder, Jr, G. H., Eccles, J. S., Ardelt, M., & Lord, S. (1995). Inner-city parents under economic pressure: perspectives on the strategies of parenting. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57(3), 771–784. CrossRef
go back to reference Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Ogden, C. L., & Curtin, L. R. (2010). Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2008. Journal of the American Medical Association, 303(3), 235–241. PubMedCrossRef Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Ogden, C. L., & Curtin, L. R. (2010). Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2008. Journal of the American Medical Association, 303(3), 235–241. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Garling, T., Krause, K., Gamble, A., & Hartig, T. (2014). Emotional well-being and time pressure. PsyCh Journal, 3(2), 132–143. PubMedCrossRef Garling, T., Krause, K., Gamble, A., & Hartig, T. (2014). Emotional well-being and time pressure. PsyCh Journal, 3(2), 132–143. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gershuny, J., & Sullivan, O. (2003). Time use, gender, and public policy regimes. Social Politics, 10(2), 205–228. CrossRef Gershuny, J., & Sullivan, O. (2003). Time use, gender, and public policy regimes. Social Politics, 10(2), 205–228. CrossRef
go back to reference Goodin, R. E., Rice, J. M., Bittman, M., & Saunders, P. (2005). The time-pressure illusion: discretionary time vs. free time. Social Indicators Research, 73, 43–70. CrossRef Goodin, R. E., Rice, J. M., Bittman, M., & Saunders, P. (2005). The time-pressure illusion: discretionary time vs. free time. Social Indicators Research, 73, 43–70. CrossRef
go back to reference Goodman, S. H., Rouse, M. H., Connell, A. M., Broth, M. R., Hall, C. M., & Heyward, D. (2011). Maternal depression and child psychopathology: a meta-analytic review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14(1), 1–27. PubMedCrossRef Goodman, S. H., Rouse, M. H., Connell, A. M., Broth, M. R., Hall, C. M., & Heyward, D. (2011). Maternal depression and child psychopathology: a meta-analytic review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14(1), 1–27. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Halbesleben, J. R., Neveu, J. P., Paustian-Underdahl, S. C., & Westman, M. (2014). Getting to the “COR” understanding the role of resources in conservation of resources theory. Journal of Management, 40(5), 1334–1364. CrossRef Halbesleben, J. R., Neveu, J. P., Paustian-Underdahl, S. C., & Westman, M. (2014). Getting to the “COR” understanding the role of resources in conservation of resources theory. Journal of Management, 40(5), 1334–1364. CrossRef
go back to reference Hill, R., Tranby, E., Kelly, E., & Moen, P. (2013). Relieving the time squeeze? Effects of a white-collar workplace change on parents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 75(4), 1014–1029. PubMedCrossRef Hill, R., Tranby, E., Kelly, E., & Moen, P. (2013). Relieving the time squeeze? Effects of a white-collar workplace change on parents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 75(4), 1014–1029. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hobfoll, S. E. (1989). Conservation of resources: a new attempt at conceptualizing stress. American Psychologist, 44(3), 513–524. PubMedCrossRef Hobfoll, S. E. (1989). Conservation of resources: a new attempt at conceptualizing stress. American Psychologist, 44(3), 513–524. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hobfoll, S. E. (2001). The influence of culture, community, and the nested-self in the stress process: advancing conservation of resources theory. Applied Psychology, 50(3), 337–421. CrossRef Hobfoll, S. E. (2001). The influence of culture, community, and the nested-self in the stress process: advancing conservation of resources theory. Applied Psychology, 50(3), 337–421. CrossRef
go back to reference James, W. (1890). The consciousness of self. The principles of psychology, 8. New York, NY: Henry Holt & Company. James, W. (1890). The consciousness of self. The principles of psychology, 8. New York, NY: Henry Holt & Company.
go back to reference Jensen, E. W., James, S. A., Boyce, W. T., & Hartnett, S. A. (1983). The family routines inventory: development and validation. Social Science & Medicine, 17(4), 201–211. CrossRef Jensen, E. W., James, S. A., Boyce, W. T., & Hartnett, S. A. (1983). The family routines inventory: development and validation. Social Science & Medicine, 17(4), 201–211. CrossRef
go back to reference Kahneman, D., Krueger, A. B., Schkade, D., Schwarz, N., & Stone, A. (2004). Toward national well-being accounts. The American Economic Review, 94(2), 429–434. CrossRef Kahneman, D., Krueger, A. B., Schkade, D., Schwarz, N., & Stone, A. (2004). Toward national well-being accounts. The American Economic Review, 94(2), 429–434. CrossRef
go back to reference Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1982). On the study of statistical intuitions. Cognition, 11(2), 123–141. PubMedCrossRef Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1982). On the study of statistical intuitions. Cognition, 11(2), 123–141. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Koulouglioti, C., Cole, R., & Kitzman, H. (2009). The role of children’s routines of daily living, supervision, and maternal fatigue in preschool children’s injury risk. Research in Nursing & Health, 32(5), 517–529. CrossRef Koulouglioti, C., Cole, R., & Kitzman, H. (2009). The role of children’s routines of daily living, supervision, and maternal fatigue in preschool children’s injury risk. Research in Nursing & Health, 32(5), 517–529. CrossRef
go back to reference Lee, S., Almeida, D. M., Davis, K. D., King, R. B., Hammer, L. B., & Kelly, E. L. (2015). Latent profiles of perceived time adequacy for paid work, parenting, and partner roles. Journal of Family Psychology, 29(5), 788–798. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Lee, S., Almeida, D. M., Davis, K. D., King, R. B., Hammer, L. B., & Kelly, E. L. (2015). Latent profiles of perceived time adequacy for paid work, parenting, and partner roles. Journal of Family Psychology, 29(5), 788–798. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Liss, M., Schiffrin, H. H., & Rizzo, K. M. (2013). Maternal guilt and shame: the role of self-discrepancy and fear of negative evaluation. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22, 1112–1119. CrossRef Liss, M., Schiffrin, H. H., & Rizzo, K. M. (2013). Maternal guilt and shame: the role of self-discrepancy and fear of negative evaluation. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22, 1112–1119. CrossRef
go back to reference Lloyd, K. M., & Auld, C. J. (2002). The role of leisure in determining quality of life: issues of content and measurement. Social Indicators Research, 57(1), 43–71. CrossRef Lloyd, K. M., & Auld, C. J. (2002). The role of leisure in determining quality of life: issues of content and measurement. Social Indicators Research, 57(1), 43–71. CrossRef
go back to reference Mannetti, L., Leder, S., Insalata, L., Pierro, A., Higgins, T., & Kruglanski, A. (2009). Priming the ant or the grasshopper in people’s mind: how regulatory mode affects inter‐temporal choices. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39(6), 1120–1125. CrossRef Mannetti, L., Leder, S., Insalata, L., Pierro, A., Higgins, T., & Kruglanski, A. (2009). Priming the ant or the grasshopper in people’s mind: how regulatory mode affects inter‐temporal choices. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39(6), 1120–1125. CrossRef
go back to reference Manrai, L. A., & Manrai, A. K. (1995). Effects of cultural-context, gender, and acculturation on perceptions of work versus social/leisure time usage. Journal of Business Research, 32(2), 115–128. CrossRef Manrai, L. A., & Manrai, A. K. (1995). Effects of cultural-context, gender, and acculturation on perceptions of work versus social/leisure time usage. Journal of Business Research, 32(2), 115–128. CrossRef
go back to reference Maslach, C. (2003). Job burnout: new directions in research and intervention. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12(5), 189–192. CrossRef Maslach, C. (2003). Job burnout: new directions in research and intervention. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12(5), 189–192. CrossRef
go back to reference Mattingly, M. J., & Bianchi, S. M. (2003). Gender differences in the quantity and quality of free time: the US experience. Social Forces, 81(3), 999–1030. CrossRef Mattingly, M. J., & Bianchi, S. M. (2003). Gender differences in the quantity and quality of free time: the US experience. Social Forces, 81(3), 999–1030. CrossRef
go back to reference Mattingly, M. J., & Sayer, L. C. (2006). Under pressure: gender differences in the relationship between free time and feeling rushed. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68(1), 205–221. CrossRef Mattingly, M. J., & Sayer, L. C. (2006). Under pressure: gender differences in the relationship between free time and feeling rushed. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68(1), 205–221. CrossRef
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on black families and children: psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61(2), 311–346. PubMedCrossRef McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on black families and children: psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61(2), 311–346. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C., Jayaratne, T. E., Ceballo, R., & Borquez, J. (1994). Unemployment and work interruption among African American single mothers: effects on parenting and adolescent socioemotional functioning. Child Development, 65(2), 562–589. PubMedCrossRef McLoyd, V. C., Jayaratne, T. E., Ceballo, R., & Borquez, J. (1994). Unemployment and work interruption among African American single mothers: effects on parenting and adolescent socioemotional functioning. Child Development, 65(2), 562–589. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Meltzer, L. J., & Mindell, J. A. (2007). Relationship between child sleep disturbances and maternal sleep, mood, and parenting stress: a pilot study. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(1), 67–73. PubMedCrossRef Meltzer, L. J., & Mindell, J. A. (2007). Relationship between child sleep disturbances and maternal sleep, mood, and parenting stress: a pilot study. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(1), 67–73. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Milkie, M. A., Raley, S. B., & Bianchi, S. M. (2009). Taking on the second shift: time allocations and time pressures of US parents with preschoolers. Social Forces, 88(2), 487–517. CrossRef Milkie, M. A., Raley, S. B., & Bianchi, S. M. (2009). Taking on the second shift: time allocations and time pressures of US parents with preschoolers. Social Forces, 88(2), 487–517. CrossRef
go back to reference Milkie, M. A., Mattingly, M. J., Nomacuchi, K. M., Bianchi, S. M., & Robinson, J. P. (2004). The time squeeze: parental statuses and feelings about time with children. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66, 739–761. CrossRef Milkie, M. A., Mattingly, M. J., Nomacuchi, K. M., Bianchi, S. M., & Robinson, J. P. (2004). The time squeeze: parental statuses and feelings about time with children. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66, 739–761. CrossRef
go back to reference Moen, P., Kelly, E. L., & Lam, J. (2013). Healthy work revisited: do changes in time strain predict well-being? Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18(2), 157. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Moen, P., Kelly, E. L., & Lam, J. (2013). Healthy work revisited: do changes in time strain predict well-being? Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18(2), 157. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Oliver, M. L., & Shapiro, T. M. (1995). Black wealth/white wealth: a new perspective on racial inequality. New York, NY: Routledge. Oliver, M. L., & Shapiro, T. M. (1995). Black wealth/white wealth: a new perspective on racial inequality. New York, NY: Routledge.
go back to reference Penedo, F. J., & Dahn, J. R. (2005). Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18(2), 189–193. PubMedCrossRef Penedo, F. J., & Dahn, J. R. (2005). Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18(2), 189–193. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pica, G., Amato, C., Pierro, A., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2015). The early bird gets the worm: on locomotors’ preference for morningness. Personality and Individual Differences, 76, 158–160. CrossRef Pica, G., Amato, C., Pierro, A., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2015). The early bird gets the worm: on locomotors’ preference for morningness. Personality and Individual Differences, 76, 158–160. CrossRef
go back to reference Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385–401. CrossRef Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385–401. CrossRef
go back to reference Ragheb, M. G., & Tate, R. L. (1993). A behavioural model of leisure participation, based on leisure attitude, motivation and satisfaction. Leisure Studies, 12(1), 61–70. CrossRef Ragheb, M. G., & Tate, R. L. (1993). A behavioural model of leisure participation, based on leisure attitude, motivation and satisfaction. Leisure Studies, 12(1), 61–70. CrossRef
go back to reference Roxburgh, S. (2004). ‘There just enough hours in the day’: the mental health consequences of time pressure. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 45, 115–131. PubMedCrossRef Roxburgh, S. (2004). ‘There just enough hours in the day’: the mental health consequences of time pressure. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 45, 115–131. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology, 4(3), 219. PubMedCrossRef Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology, 4(3), 219. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Seagram, S., & Daniluk, J. C. (2002). “It goes with the territory”: the meaning and experience of maternal guilt for mothers of preadolescent children. Women & Therapy, 25(1), 61–88. CrossRef Seagram, S., & Daniluk, J. C. (2002). “It goes with the territory”: the meaning and experience of maternal guilt for mothers of preadolescent children. Women & Therapy, 25(1), 61–88. CrossRef
go back to reference Shields, M. (1999). Long working hours and health. Health Reports, 11, 1–17. Shields, M. (1999). Long working hours and health. Health Reports, 11, 1–17.
go back to reference Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Sierens, E. (2009). How are parental psychological control and autonomy‐support related? A cluster‐analytic approach. Journal of Marriage and Family, 71(1), 187–202. CrossRef Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Sierens, E. (2009). How are parental psychological control and autonomy‐support related? A cluster‐analytic approach. Journal of Marriage and Family, 71(1), 187–202. CrossRef
go back to reference Strazdins, L., & Loughrey, B. (2008). Too busy: why time is a health and environmental problem. New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, 18, 219–221. CrossRef Strazdins, L., & Loughrey, B. (2008). Too busy: why time is a health and environmental problem. New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, 18, 219–221. CrossRef
go back to reference Taylor, R. D., Budescu, M., Gebre, A., & Hodzic, I. (2014). Family financial pressure and maternal and adolescent socioemotional adjustment: moderating effects of kin social support in low income African American families. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(2), 242–254. CrossRef Taylor, R. D., Budescu, M., Gebre, A., & Hodzic, I. (2014). Family financial pressure and maternal and adolescent socioemotional adjustment: moderating effects of kin social support in low income African American families. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(2), 242–254. CrossRef
go back to reference Taylor, R. D. (2010). Kin support and parenting practices among low-income African American mothers: moderating effects of mothers’ psychological adjustment. Journal of Black Psychology, 37(1), 3–23. CrossRef Taylor, R. D. (2010). Kin support and parenting practices among low-income African American mothers: moderating effects of mothers’ psychological adjustment. Journal of Black Psychology, 37(1), 3–23. CrossRef
go back to reference Taylor, R. D. (1996). Adolescents’ perceptions of kinship support and family management practices: association with adolescent adjustment in African American families. Developmental Psychology, 32(4), 687–695. CrossRef Taylor, R. D. (1996). Adolescents’ perceptions of kinship support and family management practices: association with adolescent adjustment in African American families. Developmental Psychology, 32(4), 687–695. CrossRef
go back to reference Van Horn, M. L., Bellis, J. M., & Snyder, S. W. (2001). Family resource scale-revised: psychometrics and validation of a measure of family resources in a sample of low-income families. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 19(1), 54–68. CrossRef Van Horn, M. L., Bellis, J. M., & Snyder, S. W. (2001). Family resource scale-revised: psychometrics and validation of a measure of family resources in a sample of low-income families. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 19(1), 54–68. CrossRef
go back to reference Van Hoye, G., & Lootens, H. (2013). Coping with unemployment: personality, role demands, and time structure. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 82(2), 85–95. CrossRef Van Hoye, G., & Lootens, H. (2013). Coping with unemployment: personality, role demands, and time structure. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 82(2), 85–95. CrossRef
go back to reference Wajcman, J. (2008). Life in the fast lane? Towards a sociology of technology and time. The British Journal of Sociology, 59(1), 59–77. PubMedCrossRef Wajcman, J. (2008). Life in the fast lane? Towards a sociology of technology and time. The British Journal of Sociology, 59(1), 59–77. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wittmann, M., & Paulus, M. P. (2008). Decision making, impulsivity and time perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12(1), 7–12. PubMedCrossRef Wittmann, M., & Paulus, M. P. (2008). Decision making, impulsivity and time perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12(1), 7–12. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wright, V. R., Raley, S. B., & Bianchi, S. M. (2008). Time for children, one’s spouse and oneself among parents who work nonstandard hours. Social Forces, 87(1), 243–271. CrossRef Wright, V. R., Raley, S. B., & Bianchi, S. M. (2008). Time for children, one’s spouse and oneself among parents who work nonstandard hours. Social Forces, 87(1), 243–271. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Perceptions of Adequate Personal Time and Wellbeing among African American Families with Adolescents
Auteurs
Mia Budescu
Amanda Sisselman-Borgia
Ronald D. Taylor
Publicatiedatum
13-02-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 6/2018
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1014-7