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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 8/2007

01-11-2007 | Original Paper

Perceived Social Support among Bullies, Victims, and Bully-Victims

Auteurs: Melissa K. Holt, Dorothy L. Espelage

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 8/2007

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Abstract

Research indicates that social support plays a protective role among adolescents, but little research has explicitly evaluated its function among youth involved in bullying. Accordingly, this study examined relations among social support, bully/victim status, and psychological distress in a sample of 784 ethnically diverse youth. We assessed differences in perceived social support across bully/victim subtypes, and evaluated peer and maternal social support as protective factors among victims, bullies, and bully-victims. Youth were classified as uninvolved (61.6%), as bullies (14.3%), as victims (12.5%), and as bully-victims (11.6%). Uninvolved youth reported the most peer and maternal social support and the least anxiety/depression. Multivariate analyses revealed that there was a significant interaction between bully/victim groups and peer social support. Specifically, bullies, victims, and bully-victims who reported moderate peer social support also indicated the least anxiety/depression. Results highlight the importance of encouraging youth to develop and effectively use peer support networks as part of bullying intervention programs.
Voetnoten
1
For 7th graders ages ranged from 12–14 (M=12.49, SD=.52); for 8th graders ages ranged from 12–15 (M=13.45, SD=.54); for 9th graders ages ranged from 14–16 (M=14.89, SD=.51); for 10th graders ages ranged from 15–18 (M=16.28, SD=.61); for 11th graders ages ranged from 16–19 (M=16.80, SD=.53); and for 12th graders ages ranged from 17–19 (M=17.81, SD=.48).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Perceived Social Support among Bullies, Victims, and Bully-Victims
Auteurs
Melissa K. Holt
Dorothy L. Espelage
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2007
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 8/2007
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-006-9153-3