Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Perfectionism, problem solving, and mindfulness have all been variously implicated in the experience and treatment outcomes for depression. Maladaptive perfectionism represents a cognitive set that is believed to exacerbate the symptoms of depression, whereas social problem solving is believed to play a role in potentially buffering the effects of perfectionism on depressive symptomatology. Little is currently known about the role of mindfulness during a current depressive episode, however a number of studies have shown that mindfulness-based interventions significantly reduce relapse rates in depression. The current study examined the role of social problem solving, adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism, and mindful awareness during a current depressive episode. Participants were 141 inpatients experiencing a clinical depressive episode. No support was found for social problem solving buffering the effects of maladaptive perfectionism on depression severity. Results suggest that mindful awareness mediates the negative association between social problem solving and depression severity and the positive association between maladaptive perfectionism and depression severity. Mindful awareness contributed the greatest amount of variance to depression symptom severity.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ashby, J. S., & Rice, K. G. (2002). Perfectionism, dysfunctional attitudes, and self-esteem: A structural equation analysis. Journal of Counseling and Development, 80, 197–203.
Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: A conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 125–143. CrossRef
Chang, E. (2002). Examining the link between perfectionism and psychological maladjustment: Social problem solving as a buffer. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 26(5), 581–595. CrossRef
Dixon, W. (2000). Problem-solving appraisal and depression: Evidence for a recovery model. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78, 87–91.
D’Zurilla, T. J., & Nezu, A. (1999). Problem-Solving Therapy. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
D’Zurilla, T. J., Nezu, A., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2002). Manual for the social problem solving inventory-revised. New York: Multi-Health Systems.
Elliott, T. R., Herrick, S. M., MacNair, R. R., & Harkins, S. W. (1994). Personality correlates of self-appraised problem solving ability: Problem orientation and trait affectivity. Journal of Personality Assessment, 63(3), 489–505. CrossRef
Enns, M. W., Cox, B. J., & Clara, I. (2002). Adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism: Developmental origins and association with depression proneness. Personality and Individual Differences, 33, 921–935. CrossRef
Flett, G. L., Madorsky, D., Hewitt, P. L., & Heisel, M. J. (2002). Perfectionism cognitions, rumination, and psychological distress. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy, 20(1), 33–47. CrossRef
Heppner, P. P., Reeder, B. L., & Larson, L. M. (1983). Cognitive variables associated with personal problem-solving appraisal: Implications for counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 30(4), 537–545. CrossRef
Hewitt, P. L., & Flett, G. L. (1991a). Dimensions of perfectionism in unipolar depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100(1), 98–101. CrossRef
Hewitt, P. L., & Flett, G. L. (1991b). Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: Conceptualization, assessment, and association with psychopathology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(3), 456–470. CrossRef
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 144–156. CrossRef
Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., & Burney, R. (1985). The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 8, 163–190. CrossRef
Kawamura, K. Y., Hunt, S. L., Frost, R. O., & Martin Dibartolo, P. (2001). Perfectionism, anxiety, and depression: Are the relationships independent? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25(3), 291–301. CrossRef
Kristeller, J. L., & Hallett, C. B. (1999). An exploratory study of a meditation-based intervention for binge-eating disorder. Journal of Health Psychology, 4, 357–363. CrossRef
Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioural treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford Press.
Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (2nd ed.). Sydney: Psychology Foundation.
Nezu, A. (1985). Differences in psychological distress between effective and ineffective problem solvers. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 32(1), 135–138. CrossRef
Nezu, A. (1986). Negative life stress and anxiety: Problem solving as a mediator variable. Psychological reports, 58, 279–283. PubMed
Nezu, A. (1987). A problem-solving formulation of depression: A literature review and proposal of a pluralistic model. Clinical Psychology Review, 7, 121–144. CrossRef
Periasamy, S., & Ashby, J. S. (2002). Multidimensional perfectionism and locus of control: Adaptive vs. maladaptive perfectionism. Journal for College Student Psychotherapy, 17(2), 75–86. CrossRef
Roemer, L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2002). Expanding our conceptualisation of and treatment for generalised anxiety disorder: Integrating mindfulness/acceptance-based approaches with existing cognitive-behavioural models. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 54–68. CrossRef
Schwartz, J. M. (1996). Brain Lock. New York: Harper Collins.
Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press.
Slaney, R. B., Ashby, J. S., & Trippi, J. (1995). Perfectionism: Its measurement and career relevance. Journal of Career Assessment, 3, 279–297. CrossRef
Slaney, R. B., Rice, K. G., Mobley, M., Trippi, J., & Ashby, J. S. (2001). The revised almost perfect scale. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 34, 130–145.
Stumpf, H., & Parker, W. D. (2000). A hierarchical structural analysis of perfectionism and its relation to other personality characteristics. Personality and Individual Differences, 28, 837–852. CrossRef
Teasdale, J. D. (1999). Metacognition, mindfulness and the modification of mood disorders. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 6, 146–155. CrossRef
Teasdale, J. D., Moore, R. G., Hayhurst, H., Pope, M., Williams, J. M., & Segal, Z. V. (2002). Metacognitive awareness and prevention of relapse in depression: Empirical evidence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 272–287. CrossRef
- Perceived Social Problem Solving, Perfectionism, and Mindful Awareness in Clinical Depression: An Exploratory Study
- Springer US