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10-02-2016 | Empirical Research | Uitgave 6/2016

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 6/2016

Perceived Ethnic Discrimination by Teachers and Ethnic Minority Students’ Academic Futility: Can Parents Prepare Their Youth for Better or for Worse?

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Youth and Adolescence > Uitgave 6/2016
Auteurs:
Fanny D’hondt, Jacquelynne S. Eccles, Mieke Van Houtte, Peter A. J. Stevens

Abstract

This study focuses on the interplay of perceived ethnic discrimination by teachers, parents’ ethnic socialization practices, and ethnic minority students’ sense of academic futility. Since discrimination creates barriers beyond control of the individual, the first research goal is to examine the association of perceived ethnic discrimination by teachers with ethnic minority students’ sense of academic futility. The second research goal is to focus on the role of perceived parental ethnic socialization (e.g., cultural socialization and preparation for bias) to get a better understanding of the interaction between family level factors and the potentially negative consequences of ethnic teacher discrimination. A multilevel analysis on 1181 ethnic minority students (50.6 % girls; mean age = 15.5), originating from migration, in 53 secondary schools in Flanders (Belgium) shows that the frequent perception of ethnic discrimination by teachers is associated with stronger feelings of academic futility, and if these students also received high levels of parents’ ethnic socialization, they perceive even stronger feelings of futility. The group of ethnic minority students, who perceive frequent ethnic teacher discrimination, is a group at risk, and parents’ ethnic socialization does not seem able to change this.

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