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01-08-2015 | Original Article | Uitgave 4/2015

Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2015

Perceived Emotion Control Moderates the Relationship Between Neuroticism and Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research > Uitgave 4/2015
Auteurs:
Michelle L. Bourgeois, Timothy A. Brown
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Portions of this manuscript were presented at the 46th annual meeting of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies.
The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute of Mental Health or the National Institutes of Health.

Abstract

The relationships between neuroticism, perceived emotion control, and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) severity were examined in 293 individuals diagnosed with GAD at a specialty anxiety disorders clinic. Hierarchical regression analyses performed within a structural equation modeling framework revealed that (1) neuroticism and perceived emotion control both predicted a latent variable of GAD in the expected direction, and (2) perceived emotion control moderated the relationship between neuroticism and GAD severity, such that lower levels of perceived emotion control were associated with a stronger relationship between neuroticism and GAD severity. The other dimensions of perceived control (i.e., stress and threat control) did not moderate the effect of neuroticism on GAD severity. The findings are discussed with regard to their implications to conceptual models of the psychopathology of GAD, and theory-based differential relationships between dimensions of vulnerability, perceived control, and anxiety disorders.

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