Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 6/2014

01-12-2014

Perceived discrimination as a stressor for close relationships: identifying psychological and physiological pathways

Auteurs: David Matthew Doyle, Lisa Molix

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 6/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Approaching the inverse association between perceived discrimination and close relationship functioning from a stress and coping framework, we propose and test a novel model incorporating psychological (emotion dysregulation) and physiological (chronic inflammation) pathways. Analyses of data from a sample of African American participants (N = 592) enrolled in the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study revealed support for the proposed model. Specifically, results from structural equation modeling analyses showed that perceived discrimination was indirectly associated with increased emotion dysregulation (venting and denial) through stressor appraisals and directly associated with increased inflammation (interluekin-6, e-selectin and c-reactive protein). Furthermore, relationship strain with family, friends and spouses was associated with greater levels of emotion dysregulation and chronic inflammation. Overall, the proposed model fit the data well and provides support for new avenues of research on the social, psychological and physiological correlates of perceived discrimination and close relationship functioning. To conclude, evidence for the proposed biopsychosocial model is summarized and directions for future research on these topics are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
With regards to CRP, while Lewis et al. (2010) found a linear association with perceived discrimination, other researchers have reported no statistically significant association (Albert et al. 2008) as well as a significant curvilinear association (Cunningham et al. 2012). Therefore, the relationship between perceived discrimination and the biomarker, CRP, remains somewhat ambiguous in the literature at this point.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Arbuckle, J. L. (1996). Full information estimation in the presence of incomplete data. In G. A. Marcoulides & R. E. Schumacker (Eds.), Advanced structural equation modeling: Issues and techniques (pp. 243–277). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Arbuckle, J. L. (1996). Full information estimation in the presence of incomplete data. In G. A. Marcoulides & R. E. Schumacker (Eds.), Advanced structural equation modeling: Issues and techniques (pp. 243–277). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Arbuckle, J. L. (1997). Amos users’ guide. Chicago: Small Waters Corporation. Arbuckle, J. L. (1997). Amos users’ guide. Chicago: Small Waters Corporation.
go back to reference Brondolo, E., Thompson, S., Brady, N., Appel, R., Cassells, A., Tobin, J. N., et al. (2005). The relationship of racism to appraisals and coping in a community sample. Ethnicity and Disease, 15, 14–19. Brondolo, E., Thompson, S., Brady, N., Appel, R., Cassells, A., Tobin, J. N., et al. (2005). The relationship of racism to appraisals and coping in a community sample. Ethnicity and Disease, 15, 14–19.
go back to reference Broudy, R., Brondolo, E., Coakley, V., Brady, N., Cassells, A., Tobin, J. N., et al. (2007). Perceived ethnic discrimination in relation to daily moods and negative social interactions. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 30, 31–43. doi: 10.​1007/​s10865-006-9081-4 PubMedCrossRef Broudy, R., Brondolo, E., Coakley, V., Brady, N., Cassells, A., Tobin, J. N., et al. (2007). Perceived ethnic discrimination in relation to daily moods and negative social interactions. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 30, 31–43. doi: 10.​1007/​s10865-006-9081-4 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, S., Kamark, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385–396. PubMedCrossRef Cohen, S., Kamark, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385–396. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Doyle, D. M., & Molix, L. (2014). Love on the margins: The effects of social stigma and relationship length on romantic relationship quality. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 102–110. doi: 10.​1177/​1948550613486677​ CrossRef Doyle, D. M., & Molix, L. (2014). Love on the margins: The effects of social stigma and relationship length on romantic relationship quality. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 102–110. doi: 10.​1177/​1948550613486677​ CrossRef
go back to reference Doyle, D.M., & Molix, L. (in press). How does stigma spoil relationships? Evidence that perceived discrimination harms romantic relationship quality through impaired self-image. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. doi: 10.​1111/​jasp.​12252 Doyle, D.M., & Molix, L. (in press). How does stigma spoil relationships? Evidence that perceived discrimination harms romantic relationship quality through impaired self-image. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. doi: 10.​1111/​jasp.​12252
go back to reference Elliott, D.B., Krivickas, K., Brault, M.W., & Kreider, R.M. (2012). Historical marriage trends from 1890 to 2010: A focus on race differences (SEHSD Working Paper 2012–12). Washington, DC: United States Census Bureau. Elliott, D.B., Krivickas, K., Brault, M.W., & Kreider, R.M. (2012). Historical marriage trends from 1890 to 2010: A focus on race differences (SEHSD Working Paper 2012–12). Washington, DC: United States Census Bureau.
go back to reference Friedman, E. M., Hayney, M. S., Love, G. D., Urry, H. L., Rosenkranz, M. A., Davidson, R. J., et al. (2005). Social relationships sleep quality, and interleukin-6 in aging women. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, 18757–18762. doi: 10.​1073/​pnas.​0509281102 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Friedman, E. M., Hayney, M. S., Love, G. D., Urry, H. L., Rosenkranz, M. A., Davidson, R. J., et al. (2005). Social relationships sleep quality, and interleukin-6 in aging women. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, 18757–18762. doi: 10.​1073/​pnas.​0509281102 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference House, J. S., Landis, K. R., & Umberson, D. (1988). Social relationships and health. Science, 241, 540–545. PubMedCrossRef House, J. S., Landis, K. R., & Umberson, D. (1988). Social relationships and health. Science, 241, 540–545. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Jaremka, L. M., Lindgren, M. E., & Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K. (2013). Synergistic relationships among stress, depression, and troubled relationships: Insights from psychoneuroimmunology. Depression and Anxiety, 30, 288–296. doi: 10.​1002/​da.​22078 PubMedCrossRef Jaremka, L. M., Lindgren, M. E., & Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K. (2013). Synergistic relationships among stress, depression, and troubled relationships: Insights from psychoneuroimmunology. Depression and Anxiety, 30, 288–296. doi: 10.​1002/​da.​22078 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kessler, R. C., Mickelson, K. D., & Williams, D. R. (1999). The prevalence, distribution, and mental health correlate of perceived discrimination in the United States. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 40, 208–230. PubMedCrossRef Kessler, R. C., Mickelson, K. D., & Williams, D. R. (1999). The prevalence, distribution, and mental health correlate of perceived discrimination in the United States. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 40, 208–230. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kiecolt-Glaser, J., Preacher, K. J., MacCallum, R. C., Atkinson, C., Malarkey, W. B., & Glaser, R. (2003). Chronic stress and age-related increases in the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100, 9090–9095. doi: 10.​1073/​pnas.​1531903100 CrossRef Kiecolt-Glaser, J., Preacher, K. J., MacCallum, R. C., Atkinson, C., Malarkey, W. B., & Glaser, R. (2003). Chronic stress and age-related increases in the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100, 9090–9095. doi: 10.​1073/​pnas.​1531903100 CrossRef
go back to reference Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer Publishing Company. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
go back to reference Mehra, A., Kilduff, M., & Brass, D. J. (1998). At the margins: A distinctiveness approach to the social identity and social networks of underrepresented groups. Academy of Management Journal, 41, 441–452. doi: 10.​2307/​257083 CrossRef Mehra, A., Kilduff, M., & Brass, D. J. (1998). At the margins: A distinctiveness approach to the social identity and social networks of underrepresented groups. Academy of Management Journal, 41, 441–452. doi: 10.​2307/​257083 CrossRef
go back to reference Miller, G. E., Chen, E., & Parker, K. J. (2011). Psychological stress in childhood and susceptibility to the chronic diseases of aging: Moving toward a model of behavioral and biological mechanisms. Psychological Bulletin, 137, 959–997. doi: 10.​1037/​a0024768 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Miller, G. E., Chen, E., & Parker, K. J. (2011). Psychological stress in childhood and susceptibility to the chronic diseases of aging: Moving toward a model of behavioral and biological mechanisms. Psychological Bulletin, 137, 959–997. doi: 10.​1037/​a0024768 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ratner, K. G., Halim, M. L., & Amodio, D. M. (2013). Perceived stigmatization, ingroup pride, and immune and endocrine activity: Evidence from a community sample of Black and Latina women. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 82–91. doi: 10.​1177/​1948550612443715​ CrossRef Ratner, K. G., Halim, M. L., & Amodio, D. M. (2013). Perceived stigmatization, ingroup pride, and immune and endocrine activity: Evidence from a community sample of Black and Latina women. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 82–91. doi: 10.​1177/​1948550612443715​ CrossRef
go back to reference Reynolds, P., Boyd, P. T., Blacklow, R. S., Jackson, J. S., Greenberg, R. S., Austin, D. F., et al. (1994). The relationship between social ties and survival among black and white breast cancer patients: National Cancer Institute black/white cancer survival study group. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 3, 253–259. PubMed Reynolds, P., Boyd, P. T., Blacklow, R. S., Jackson, J. S., Greenberg, R. S., Austin, D. F., et al. (1994). The relationship between social ties and survival among black and white breast cancer patients: National Cancer Institute black/white cancer survival study group. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 3, 253–259. PubMed
go back to reference Ryff, C., Almeida, D.M., Ayanian, J.S., Carr, D.S., Cleary, P.D., Coe, C., Williams, D. (2006). Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS2), 2004–2006 (computer file). ICPSR04652-v1. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin, Survey Center (producers). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributor) 22 March 2007. Ryff, C., Almeida, D.M., Ayanian, J.S., Carr, D.S., Cleary, P.D., Coe, C., Williams, D. (2006). Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS2), 2004–2006 (computer file). ICPSR04652-v1. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin, Survey Center (producers). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributor) 22 March 2007.
go back to reference Schultheiss, O. C., Schiepe-Tiska, A., & Rawolle, M. (2012). Hormone assays. In H. Cooper, P. M. Camic, D. L. Long, A. T. Panter, D. Rindskopf, & K. J. Sher (Eds.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology: Foundations, planning, measures, and psychometrics (Vol. 1, pp. 489–500). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Schultheiss, O. C., Schiepe-Tiska, A., & Rawolle, M. (2012). Hormone assays. In H. Cooper, P. M. Camic, D. L. Long, A. T. Panter, D. Rindskopf, & K. J. Sher (Eds.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology: Foundations, planning, measures, and psychometrics (Vol. 1, pp. 489–500). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Slavich, G.M., & Irwin, M.R. (in press). From stress to inflammation and major depressive disorder: A social signal transduction theory of depression. Psychological Bulletin. doi: 10.​1037/​a0035302 Slavich, G.M., & Irwin, M.R. (in press). From stress to inflammation and major depressive disorder: A social signal transduction theory of depression. Psychological Bulletin. doi: 10.​1037/​a0035302
go back to reference South, S. J., & Lloyd, K. M. (1992). Marriage opportunities and family formation: Further implications of imbalanced sex ratios. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 54, 440–451. doi: 10.​2307/​353075 CrossRef South, S. J., & Lloyd, K. M. (1992). Marriage opportunities and family formation: Further implications of imbalanced sex ratios. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 54, 440–451. doi: 10.​2307/​353075 CrossRef
go back to reference Stevenson, B. E. (1995). Black family structure in colonial and antebellum Virginia: Amending the revisionist perspective. In M. B. Tucker & C. Mitchell-Kernan (Eds.), The decline in marriage among African Americans: Causes, consequences, and policy implications (pp. 27–56). New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Stevenson, B. E. (1995). Black family structure in colonial and antebellum Virginia: Amending the revisionist perspective. In M. B. Tucker & C. Mitchell-Kernan (Eds.), The decline in marriage among African Americans: Causes, consequences, and policy implications (pp. 27–56). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
go back to reference Taylor, T. R., Kamarck, T. W., & Shiffman, S. (2004). Validation of the Detroit area study discrimination scale in a community sample of older African American adults: The Pittsburgh healthy heart program. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 11, 88–94. doi: 10.​1207/​s15327558ijbm110​2_​4 PubMedCrossRef Taylor, T. R., Kamarck, T. W., & Shiffman, S. (2004). Validation of the Detroit area study discrimination scale in a community sample of older African American adults: The Pittsburgh healthy heart program. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 11, 88–94. doi: 10.​1207/​s15327558ijbm110​2_​4 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Trail, T. E., Goff, P. A., Bradbury, T. N., & Karney, B. R. (2012). The costs of racism for marriage: How racial discrimination hurts, and ethnic identity protects, newlywed marriages among Latinos. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 454–465. doi: 10.​1177/​0146167211429450​ PubMedCrossRef Trail, T. E., Goff, P. A., Bradbury, T. N., & Karney, B. R. (2012). The costs of racism for marriage: How racial discrimination hurts, and ethnic identity protects, newlywed marriages among Latinos. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 454–465. doi: 10.​1177/​0146167211429450​ PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Perceived discrimination as a stressor for close relationships: identifying psychological and physiological pathways
Auteurs
David Matthew Doyle
Lisa Molix
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 6/2014
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-014-9563-8