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01-12-2012 | Original Article | Uitgave 6/2012

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 6/2012

Perceived Child Behavior Problems, Parenting Stress, and Maternal Depressive Symptoms Among Prenatal Methamphetamine Users

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 6/2012
Auteurs:
Brandi D. Liles, Elana Newman, Linda L. LaGasse, Chris Derauf, Rizwan Shah, Lynne M. Smith, Amelia M. Arria, Marilyn A. Huestis, William Haning, Arthur Strauss, Sheri DellaGrotta, Lynne M. Dansereau, Charles Neal, Barry M. Lester

Abstract

The present study was designed to examine parenting stress, maternal depressive symptoms, and perceived child behavior problems among mothers who used methamphetamine (MA) during pregnancy. Participants were a subsample (n = 212; 75 exposed, 137 comparison) of biological mothers who had continuous custody of their child from birth to 36 months. The subsample was drawn from a larger, ongoing longitudinal study on the effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure (n = 412; 204 exposed, 208 comparison) (Arria et al in Matern Child Health J 10:293–302 2006). Mothers who used MA during pregnancy reported more parenting stress and more depressive symptoms than a matched comparison group. There were no differences between groups on perceived child behavior problems. In a hierarchical linear model, depressive symptoms, and perceived child behavior problems, but not MA exposure, were statistically significant predictors of parenting stress. Screening for potential parenting problems among mothers with a history of substance abuse is warranted. Parenting interventions targeting depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and child behavior problems are needed for this population.

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