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08-07-2024 | Empirical Research

Perceived and Actual Norms, and Norm Misperceptions in Explaining Participant Roles in Bullying

Auteurs: Huiyoung Shin, Sunjeong Gyeong

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence

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Abstract

Bullying norms have been shown to affect adolescents’ decisions on different behaviors in bullying situations, but little is known about the differential contribution of perceived and actual bullying norms as well as their agreement. The present study investigated the effects of perceived and actual norms, along with norm misperceptions in participant roles in bullying. A sample of 890 students (337 fourth-, 223 fifth-, and 320 sixth-graders; Female 48%; Mage = 11.98, SDage = 0.82) from 34 classrooms in South Korean elementary schools was assessed at two time points: at the beginning (Wave 1) and at the end of the semester (Wave 2). Multilevel modeling results indicated that empathy as well as perceived and actual anti-bullying norms had unique effects on different participant roles in bullying. The agreement between perceived and actual norms also varied across classes, and bullying, victimization, and bystanding were found to be higher in classes where individuals misperceived the actual anti-bullying norms. Adolescents were more likely to defend in response to their empathy in classes with higher anti-bullying norms, while they were less likely to bystand in response to their empathy in classes where individuals accurately perceived the actual anti-bullying norms. These findings underscore that intervention programs can focus on correcting adolescents’ erroneous perceptions and convictions about peers’ anti-bullying attitudes to alleviate bullying and its negative consequences.
Literatuur
go back to reference Berkowitz, A. D. (2003). Applications of social norms theory to other health and social justice issues. In H. W. Perkins (Ed.), The social norms approach to preventing school and college age substance abuse: A handbook for educators, counselors, clinicians (pp. 257–279). Jossey-Bass Berkowitz, A. D. (2003). Applications of social norms theory to other health and social justice issues. In H. W. Perkins (Ed.), The social norms approach to preventing school and college age substance abuse: A handbook for educators, counselors, clinicians (pp. 257–279). Jossey-Bass
go back to reference Laninga-Wijnen, L., van den Berg, Y. H. M., Garandeau, C. F., Mulder, S., & de Castro, B. O. (2023). Does being defended relate to decreases in victimization and improved psychosocial adjustment among victims? Journal of Educational Psychology, 115(2), 363–377. https://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000712.CrossRef Laninga-Wijnen, L., van den Berg, Y. H. M., Garandeau, C. F., Mulder, S., & de Castro, B. O. (2023). Does being defended relate to decreases in victimization and improved psychosocial adjustment among victims? Journal of Educational Psychology, 115(2), 363–377. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​edu0000712.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Perceived and Actual Norms, and Norm Misperceptions in Explaining Participant Roles in Bullying
Auteurs
Huiyoung Shin
Sunjeong Gyeong
Publicatiedatum
08-07-2024
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-024-02042-2