Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disturbances in childhood. None-the-less, they often go unrecognized and untreated, which puts the child at risk for developing additional difficulties, such as academic difficulties, depression, and substance abuse. Further knowledge and valid assessment tools are essential to identify at-risk children. The present study investigates (i) the factor structure of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire for Children (PSWQ-C) using a large Danish community sample (N = 933), and (ii) its treatment sensitivity in clinically anxious children (N = 30) treated with cognitive behavioral therapy. Results from the community sample replicated previous findings supporting the strong psychometric properties of the PSWQ-C, and yielded Danish norms and clinical cut-offs for the measure. Clinically anxious children with a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; N = 10) diagnosis reported significantly higher levels of worry than anxious children without GAD (N = 20). At post treatment, worry levels in children with GAD but not in anxious children without GAD were normalized. Findings regarding worry in the community sample are discussed in light of normal child development. Implications for the use of the PSWQ-C as a useful and important tool in clinical assessment by psychiatrists and psychologists in their treatment of anxious children and adolescents are also discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Brown, T. A., Antony, M. M., & Barlow, D. H. (1992). Psychometric properties of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire in a clinical anxiety disorders sample. Behavior Research and Therapy, 30, 33–37. CrossRef
Cattell, R. B. (1966). The scree test for the number of factors. Journal of Multivariate Behavioral Research, 1, 245–276. CrossRef
Chorpita, B., Tracey, S. A., Brown, T. A., Collica, T. J., & Barlow, D. H. (1997). Assessment of worry in children and adolescents: an adaptation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Behavior Research and Therapy, 35, 569–581. CrossRef
Drinkwater, J. (2005). Cognitive Case formulation. In P. Graham (Ed.), Cognitive behaviour therapy for children and families (2nd ed., pp. 84–99). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS. London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Fresco, D. M., Heimberg, R. G., Mennin, D. S., & Turk, C. L. (2002). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Behavior Research and Therapy, 40, 313–323. CrossRef
James, A. A. C. J., Soler, A., & Weatherall, R. R. W. (2009). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (review). The Cochrane Collaboration, issue 1
Kendall, P. C., & Hedtke, K. (2006). Coping Cat Workbook, 2nd Ardmore. PA: Workbook Publishing.
Meyer, T. J., Miller, M. L., Metzger, R. L., & Borkovec, T. D. (1990). Development and validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Behavior Research and Therapy, 28, 487–495. CrossRef
Muris, P., Merckelbach, H., Schmidt, H., & Mayer, B. (1999). The revised version of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED-R): factor structure in normal children. Personality and Individual Differences, 26, 99–112. CrossRef
Muris, P., Merckelbach, H., Meesters, C., & van den Brand, K. (2002). Cognitive development and worry in normal children. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 26, 775–787. CrossRef
Pestle, S. L., Chorpita, B. F., & Schiffman, J. (2008). Psychometric properties of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire for Children in a large clinical sample. Journal of Clinical & Adolescent Psychology, 37, 465–471. CrossRef
Reinholdt-Dunne, M. L., Mogg, K., Esbjørn, B. H., & Bradley, B. P. (2011). Effects of age and anxiety on processing threat cues in healthy children. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3, 30–41.
Silverman, W. K., & Albano, A. M. (1996). Anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Silverman, W. K., & Berman, S. L. (2001). Psychosocial interventions for anxiety disorders in children: Status and future directions. In W. K. Silverman & P. D. A. Treffers (Eds.), Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: research, assessment and intervention (pp. 313–334). New York: Cambridge University Press.
van Rijsoort, S., Emmelkamp, P., & Vervaeke, G. (1999). Assessment of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire and the Worry Domains Questionnaire: Structure, reliability and validity. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 6, 297–307. CrossRef
Vasey, M. W., Crnic, K. A., & Carter, W. G. (1994). Worry in childhood: a developmental perspective. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 18, 529–549. CrossRef
Wells, A. (2009). Metacognitive therapy for anxiety and depression. London: The Guilford Press.
- Penn State Worry Questionnaire: Findings Form Normative and Clinical Samples in Denmark
B. H. Esbjørn
M. L. Reinholdt-Dunne
I. D. Caspersen
L. B. Christensen
B. F. Chorpita
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505