Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2021

26-06-2021 | Original Paper

Patterns in Father Presence and Engagement in Mongolia: A Historical Cross-Sectional Study

Auteurs: Lesley A. Pablo, Colleen M. Davison

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Many households in Mongolia are facing increased livelihood and financial insecurity due to rapid social, economic, political, and climate changes. There is concern regarding the effects of a loss in livelihoods and shifting gender roles on family dynamics in these households. This historical cross-sectional study explores patterns of father presence and father engagement with children under five in Mongolia between 2000–2013 using Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) data. Trend analyses were performed to explore changes in father presence and engagement from the four most recent datasets. Patterns were explored for demographic subgroups such as region of residence, urban/rural residence, child’s sex, and whether the household owned livestock. Multivariate logistic regression was also performed to adjust for potential confounding variables and covariates. The national point-prevalence of father presence fluctuated from 78–83% while father engagement fluctuated between 40–49% across the survey time-points. These fluctuations were only significant for father presence. Significant changes in father presence and engagement were evident in the Khangai, Central, and Ulaanbaatar regions, while in the Western region only significant changes for father engagement were found. Logistic regression showed a change in point-prevalence of father engagement between 2005 and 2010 and between 2005 and 2013, and changes in father presence and engagement over time remained significant after controlling for other covariates such as SES. The changes in father presence and engagement in many households may be due to the economic insecurities brought about by rapid macro-environmental changes.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Allen, S. M. & Daly, K. J. (2007). The effects of father involvement: An updated summary of the evidence. Guelph, ON: Centre for Families, Work & Well-Being, University of Guelph. Allen, S. M. & Daly, K. J. (2007). The effects of father involvement: An updated summary of the evidence. Guelph, ON: Centre for Families, Work & Well-Being, University of Guelph.
go back to reference Ball, J., Moselle, K., & Pedersen, S. (2007). Father’s invoSlvement as a determinant of child health. In Public Health Agency of Canada, Population Health Fund Project: Father Involvement for Healthy Child Outcomes: Partners Supporting Knowledge Development and Transfer. Public Health Agency of Canada. Ball, J., Moselle, K., & Pedersen, S. (2007). Father’s invoSlvement as a determinant of child health. In Public Health Agency of Canada, Population Health Fund Project: Father Involvement for Healthy Child Outcomes: Partners Supporting Knowledge Development and Transfer. Public Health Agency of Canada.
go back to reference Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist, 32(7), 513–531. CrossRef Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist, 32(7), 513–531. CrossRef
go back to reference Bruun, O., & Narangoa, L. (Eds.) (2006). Mongols: From country to city. Floating boundaries, pastoralism and city life in the Mongol lands. NIAS Press. Bruun, O., & Narangoa, L. (Eds.) (2006). Mongols: From country to city. Floating boundaries, pastoralism and city life in the Mongol lands. NIAS Press.
go back to reference Burn, N., & Oidov, O. (2001). Women in Mongolia: Mapping progress under transition (K. Judd (Ed.)). United Nations Development Fund for Women. Burn, N., & Oidov, O. (2001). Women in Mongolia: Mapping progress under transition (K. Judd (Ed.)). United Nations Development Fund for Women.
go back to reference Carrillo, S., Suárez, L., Camila Gutiérrez, M., Delgado, X., & Bermúdez, M. (2016). Father’s perceptions of their role and involvement in the family: A qualitative study in a Colombian sample. Revista Costarricense de Psicología, 35(2), 101–118. http://​www.​rcps-cr.​org http://www.rcps-cr.org. CrossRef Carrillo, S., Suárez, L., Camila Gutiérrez, M., Delgado, X., & Bermúdez, M. (2016). Father’s perceptions of their role and involvement in the family: A qualitative study in a Colombian sample. Revista Costarricense de Psicología, 35(2), 101–118. http://​www.​rcps-cr.​org http://www.rcps-cr.org. CrossRef
go back to reference Coley, R. L., & Morris, J. E. (2002). Comparing father and mother reports of father involvement among low-income minority families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64(4), 982–997. CrossRef Coley, R. L., & Morris, J. E. (2002). Comparing father and mother reports of father involvement among low-income minority families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64(4), 982–997. CrossRef
go back to reference Conger, R. D., Conger, K. J., Elder, G. H., Lorenz, F. O., Simons, R. L., Whitbeck, L. B., Conger, R. D., Conger, K. J., Lorenz, F. O., & Simons, R. L. (1992). A family process model of economic hardship and adjustment of early adolescent boys. Child Development, 63(3), 526–541. CrossRef Conger, R. D., Conger, K. J., Elder, G. H., Lorenz, F. O., Simons, R. L., Whitbeck, L. B., Conger, R. D., Conger, K. J., Lorenz, F. O., & Simons, R. L. (1992). A family process model of economic hardship and adjustment of early adolescent boys. Child Development, 63(3), 526–541. CrossRef
go back to reference Coslet, C., Palmeri, F., Sukhbaatar, J., Batjargal, E., & Wadhwa, A. (2017). Special report FAO/WFP crop and livestock assessment mission to Mongolia (Issue December). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations World Food Programme www.​fao.​org/​publications. Coslet, C., Palmeri, F., Sukhbaatar, J., Batjargal, E., & Wadhwa, A. (2017). Special report FAO/WFP crop and livestock assessment mission to Mongolia (Issue December). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations World Food Programme www.​fao.​org/​publications.
go back to reference Foumbi, J., & Lovich, R., United Nations Children’s Fund. (1997). Role of men in the lives of children: A study on how improving knowledge about men in families helps strengthen programming for children and women. New York, NY: UNICEF. Foumbi, J., & Lovich, R., United Nations Children’s Fund. (1997). Role of men in the lives of children: A study on how improving knowledge about men in families helps strengthen programming for children and women. New York, NY: UNICEF.
go back to reference Hahn, Y., Nuzhat, K. & Yang, H. (2018). The effect of female education on marital matches and child health in Bangladesh. Journal of Population Economics, 31, 915–936. CrossRef Hahn, Y., Nuzhat, K. & Yang, H. (2018). The effect of female education on marital matches and child health in Bangladesh. Journal of Population Economics, 31, 915–936. CrossRef
go back to reference Hossain, Z., & Roopnarine, J. L. (1994). African-American fathers’ invovlement with infants: relationship to their functioning style, support, education, and income. Infant Behavior and Development, 17, 175–184. CrossRef Hossain, Z., & Roopnarine, J. L. (1994). African-American fathers’ invovlement with infants: relationship to their functioning style, support, education, and income. Infant Behavior and Development, 17, 175–184. CrossRef
go back to reference Hugo, G. (2002). Effects of international migration on the family in Indonesia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 11(1), 13–46. CrossRef Hugo, G. (2002). Effects of international migration on the family in Indonesia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 11(1), 13–46. CrossRef
go back to reference Janes, C. R., & Chuluundorj, O. (2015). Making disasters: Climate change, neoliberal governance, and livelihood insecurity on the Mongolian steppe (1st ed). School for Advanced Research Press. Janes, C. R., & Chuluundorj, O. (2015). Making disasters: Climate change, neoliberal governance, and livelihood insecurity on the Mongolian steppe (1st ed). School for Advanced Research Press.
go back to reference Jeong, J., McCoy, D. C., & Fink, G. (2017). Pathways between paternal and maternal education, caregivers’ support for learning, and early child development in 44 low- and middle-income countries. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 41, 136–148. CrossRef Jeong, J., McCoy, D. C., & Fink, G. (2017). Pathways between paternal and maternal education, caregivers’ support for learning, and early child development in 44 low- and middle-income countries. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 41, 136–148. CrossRef
go back to reference Labrell, F. (1994). A typical interaction behaviour between fathers and toddlers: teasing. Early Development and Parenting, 3(2), 125–130. CrossRef Labrell, F. (1994). A typical interaction behaviour between fathers and toddlers: teasing. Early Development and Parenting, 3(2), 125–130. CrossRef
go back to reference Lamb, M. E., Pleck, J. H., Charnov, E. L., & Levine, J. A. (1985). Paternal behavior in humans. American Zoologist, 25(3), 883–894. CrossRef Lamb, M. E., Pleck, J. H., Charnov, E. L., & Levine, J. A. (1985). Paternal behavior in humans. American Zoologist, 25(3), 883–894. CrossRef
go back to reference Nchinda, Z. N. (2014). Recent African immigrants’ fatherhood experiences in America: The changing role of fathers. Trotter Review, 22, 1. Nchinda, Z. N. (2014). Recent African immigrants’ fatherhood experiences in America: The changing role of fathers. Trotter Review, 22, 1.
go back to reference Robinson, B., & Solongo, A. (2000). The gender dimension of economic transition in Mongolia. In F. Nixson, B. Suvd, P. Luvsandorj, & B. Walters (Eds.), The Mongolian Economy: A Manual of Applied Economics for a Country in Transition (pp. 231–255). Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. Robinson, B., & Solongo, A. (2000). The gender dimension of economic transition in Mongolia. In F. Nixson, B. Suvd, P. Luvsandorj, & B. Walters (Eds.), The Mongolian Economy: A Manual of Applied Economics for a Country in Transition (pp. 231–255). Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
go back to reference Smit, R. (2002). The changing role of the husband/father in the dual-earner family in South Africa. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 33(3), 401. CrossRef Smit, R. (2002). The changing role of the husband/father in the dual-earner family in South Africa. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 33(3), 401. CrossRef
go back to reference Voltolini, F., Tserendorj, O., Sovd, K., Munkhtogoo, B., & Inchinkhorloo, B. (2015). Gender analysis in pastoral livestock herding in Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC. Voltolini, F., Tserendorj, O., Sovd, K., Munkhtogoo, B., & Inchinkhorloo, B. (2015). Gender analysis in pastoral livestock herding in Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC.
go back to reference Ziol-Guest, K. M., & Dunifon, R. E. (2014). Complex living arrangements and child health: Examining family structure linkages with children’s health outcomes. Family Relations, 63(3), 424–437. CrossRef Ziol-Guest, K. M., & Dunifon, R. E. (2014). Complex living arrangements and child health: Examining family structure linkages with children’s health outcomes. Family Relations, 63(3), 424–437. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Patterns in Father Presence and Engagement in Mongolia: A Historical Cross-Sectional Study
Auteurs
Lesley A. Pablo
Colleen M. Davison
Publicatiedatum
26-06-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02006-1