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11-10-2019 | Original Paper

Parenting Styles and Health Risk Behavior of Left-Behind Children: The Mediating Effect of Cognitive Emotion Regulation

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Auteur:
Xianhua Liu
Belangrijke opmerkingen
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Abstract

Objectives

This study is to investigate the role of cognitive emotion regulation in the relationship between parenting styles and health risk behavior in left-behind children.

Methods

Totally, 404 left-behind children were surveyed with the Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran (EMBU), the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-Chinese Version (CERQ-C) and the Adolescent Health Related Risky Behavior Inventory (AHRBI).

Results

The results showed that: (1) The health risk behaviors of left-behind children were significantly negatively correlated with authoritative parenting styles (r = −0.46 to −0.26, P < 0.01) and positive cognitive emotion regulations (except Acceptance, r = −0.44 to −0.19, P < 0.01), and significantly positively correlated with authoritarian & permissive/neglecting parenting styles (r = 0.19–0.40, P < 0.01) and negative cognitive emotion regulations (except Self-blame, r = 0.25–0.52, P < 0.01). (2) Authoritative parenting styles were significantly positively correlated with positive cognitive emotion regulations (r = 0.13–0.47, P < 0.01), and significantly negatively correlated with negative cognitive emotion regulations (except Self-blame, r = −0.21 to −0.30, P < 0.01). Authoritarian & permissive/neglecting parenting styles were significantly negatively correlated with positive cognitive emotion regulations (r = −0.19 to −0.11, P < 0.05), and significantly positively correlated with negative cognitive emotion regulations (except Self-blame, r = 0.12–0.38, P < 0.05). (3) The structural equation models demonstrated that cognitive emotion regulation served as a partial mediator between authoritative, authoritarian and permissive/neglecting parenting styles and the health risk behaviors of left-behind children, accounting for the total effect from 7.55% to 66.92%.

Conclusions

The results suggests that parenting styles impact the health risk behaviors in left-behind children mainly via the mediating effect of cognitive emotion regulation.

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