Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2019

26-11-2018 | Empirical Research

Parenting Strategies and Adolescents’ Cyberbullying Behaviors: Evidence from a Preregistered Study of Parent–Child Dyads

Auteurs: Nicole Legate, Netta Weinstein, Andrew K. Przybylski

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 2/2019

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Little is known about how parents may protect against cyberbullying, a growing problem-behavior among youth. Guided by self-determination theory, a theory concerned with effectively motivating and regulating behavior, six preregistered hypotheses concerning parenting strategies of regulating cyberbullying behavior were tested in 1004 parent–child dyads (45.9% female adolescents; adolescents were either 14 (49.5%) or 15 (50.5%) years old). The results largely supported hypotheses: Parents who used more autonomy-supportive strategies—understanding the adolescent’s perspective, offering choice, and giving rationales for prohibitions—had adolescents who reported engaging in less cyberbullying than parents who used controlling strategies (especially using guilt, shame, and conditional regard). Further, this was mediated by lower feelings of reactance to, or a desire to do the opposite of, parents’ requests. The discussion focuses on the limits of this study to investigate reciprocal effects of adolescent behavior shaping parenting strategies—a critical agenda for future research—as well as the potential benefits of interventions aimed at increasing parental autonomy support for reducing cyberbullying and other problem behaviors in adolescents.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Voetnoten
1
In an exploratory manner, it was tested whether results of the preregistered analyses would hold when controlling for parents’ reported concern about their adolescent’s cyberbullying. This was done to explore the alternative hypothesis that parents who were aware of or concerned about their child engaging in cyberbullying became more controlling and less autonomy-supportive in their parenting style. Indeed, parent concern was a strong predictor of adolescents’ reports of their own cyberbullying behavior (r = .46), and to a lesser extent, it predicted less autonomy support from parents, r = -.17). Though parent concern significantly predicted both cyberbullying behavior and reactivity in adolescents, effects for autonomy-supportive and controlling parenting strategies remained the same in terms of their strength and direction in all models.
 
2
Following the logic described in Footnote 1, exploratory analyses further controlled for parental concern about their adolescent’s cyberbullying (as concern predicted more parental use of shame/guilt, r = .11 and surprisingly, less use of punishment, r = −.09). Models showed that this control did not change the strength or direction of effects.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Ahmed, E., & Braithwaite, V. (2004). Bullying and victimization: Cause of concern for both families and schools. Social Psychology of Education, 7(1), 35–54. CrossRef Ahmed, E., & Braithwaite, V. (2004). Bullying and victimization: Cause of concern for both families and schools. Social Psychology of Education, 7(1), 35–54. CrossRef
go back to reference Assor, A., Roth, G., & Deci, E. L. (2004). The emotional costs of parents’ conditional regard: A Self‐Determination Theory analysis. Journal of Personality, 72(1), 47–88. PubMedCrossRef Assor, A., Roth, G., & Deci, E. L. (2004). The emotional costs of parents’ conditional regard: A Self‐Determination Theory analysis. Journal of Personality, 72(1), 47–88. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baard, P. P., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2004). Intrinsic need satisfaction: A motivational basis of performance and well‐Being in two work settings. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34(10), 2045–2068. CrossRef Baard, P. P., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2004). Intrinsic need satisfaction: A motivational basis of performance and well‐Being in two work settings. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34(10), 2045–2068. CrossRef
go back to reference Baldry, A. C. (2003). Bullying in schools and exposure to domestic violence. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27(7), 713–732. CrossRef Baldry, A. C. (2003). Bullying in schools and exposure to domestic violence. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27(7), 713–732. CrossRef
go back to reference Baldry, A. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2005). Protective factors as moderators of risk factors in adolescence bullying. Social Psychology of Education, 8(3), 263–284. CrossRef Baldry, A. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2005). Protective factors as moderators of risk factors in adolescence bullying. Social Psychology of Education, 8(3), 263–284. CrossRef
go back to reference Bjelland, M., Soenens, B., Bere, E., Kovács, É., Lien, N., Maes, L., & Te Velde, S. J. (2015). Associations between parental rules, style of communication and children’s screen time. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 1002. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Bjelland, M., Soenens, B., Bere, E., Kovács, É., Lien, N., Maes, L., & Te Velde, S. J. (2015). Associations between parental rules, style of communication and children’s screen time. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 1002. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Copeland, W. E., Wolke, D., Angold, A., & Costello, E. J. (2013). Adult psychiatric outcomes of bullying and being bullied by peers in childhood and adolescence. JAMA Psychiatry, 70(4), 419–426. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Copeland, W. E., Wolke, D., Angold, A., & Costello, E. J. (2013). Adult psychiatric outcomes of bullying and being bullied by peers in childhood and adolescence. JAMA Psychiatry, 70(4), 419–426. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Crick, N. R., Ostrov, J. M., & Werner, N. E. (2006). A longitudinal study of relational aggression, physical aggression, and children’s social–psychological adjustment. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34(2), 127–138. CrossRef Crick, N. R., Ostrov, J. M., & Werner, N. E. (2006). A longitudinal study of relational aggression, physical aggression, and children’s social–psychological adjustment. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34(2), 127–138. CrossRef
go back to reference Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). The general causality orientations scale: Self-determination in personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 19(2), 109–134. CrossRef Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). The general causality orientations scale: Self-determination in personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 19(2), 109–134. CrossRef
go back to reference Dehue, F., Bolman, C., Vollink, T., & Pouwelse, M. (2012). Cyberbullying and traditional bullying in relation to adolescents’ perception of parenting. Journal of Cybertherapy & Rehabilitation, 5(1), 25–34. Dehue, F., Bolman, C., Vollink, T., & Pouwelse, M. (2012). Cyberbullying and traditional bullying in relation to adolescents’ perception of parenting. Journal of Cybertherapy & Rehabilitation, 5(1), 25–34.
go back to reference Dishion, T. J., Nelson, S. E., & Bullock, B. M. (2004). Premature adolescent autonomy: Parent disengagement and deviant peer process in the amplification of problem behaviour. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 515–530. PubMedCrossRef Dishion, T. J., Nelson, S. E., & Bullock, B. M. (2004). Premature adolescent autonomy: Parent disengagement and deviant peer process in the amplification of problem behaviour. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 515–530. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Festl, R., Scharkow, M., & Quandt, T. (2013). Peer influence, internet use and cyberbullying: A comparison of different context effects among German adolescents. Journal of Children and Media, 7(4), 446–462. CrossRef Festl, R., Scharkow, M., & Quandt, T. (2013). Peer influence, internet use and cyberbullying: A comparison of different context effects among German adolescents. Journal of Children and Media, 7(4), 446–462. CrossRef
go back to reference Gagné, M. (2003). The role of autonomy support and autonomy orientation in prosocial behavior engagement. Motivation and Emotion, 27(3), 199–223. CrossRef Gagné, M. (2003). The role of autonomy support and autonomy orientation in prosocial behavior engagement. Motivation and Emotion, 27(3), 199–223. CrossRef
go back to reference Grolnick, W. S. (2009). The role of parents in facilitating autonomous self-regulation for education. School Field, 7(2), 164–173. CrossRef Grolnick, W. S. (2009). The role of parents in facilitating autonomous self-regulation for education. School Field, 7(2), 164–173. CrossRef
go back to reference Grolnick, W. S., & Pomerantz, E. M. (2009). Issues and challenges in studying parental control: Toward a new conceptualization. Child Development Perspectives, 3(3), 165–170. CrossRef Grolnick, W. S., & Pomerantz, E. M. (2009). Issues and challenges in studying parental control: Toward a new conceptualization. Child Development Perspectives, 3(3), 165–170. CrossRef
go back to reference Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. New York: Guilford Press. Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. (2013). Social influences on cyberbullying behaviors among middle and high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(5), 711–722. PubMedCrossRef Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. (2013). Social influences on cyberbullying behaviors among middle and high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(5), 711–722. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Joussemet, M., Mageau, G. A., & Koestner, R. (2014). Promoting optimal parenting and children’s mental health: A preliminary evaluation of the how-to parenting program. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(6), 949–964. CrossRef Joussemet, M., Mageau, G. A., & Koestner, R. (2014). Promoting optimal parenting and children’s mental health: A preliminary evaluation of the how-to parenting program. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(6), 949–964. CrossRef
go back to reference Joussemet, M., Vitaro, F., Barker, E. D., Côté, S., Nagin, D. S., Zoccolillo, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2008). Controlling parenting and physical aggression during elementary school. Child Development, 79(2), 411–425. PubMedCrossRef Joussemet, M., Vitaro, F., Barker, E. D., Côté, S., Nagin, D. S., Zoccolillo, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2008). Controlling parenting and physical aggression during elementary school. Child Development, 79(2), 411–425. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kowalski, R. M., Giumetti, G. W., Schroeder, A. N., & Lattanner, M. R. (2014). Bullying in the digital age: A critical review and meta-analysis of cyberbullying research among youth. Psychological Bulletin, 140(4), 1073–1137. PubMedCrossRef Kowalski, R. M., Giumetti, G. W., Schroeder, A. N., & Lattanner, M. R. (2014). Bullying in the digital age: A critical review and meta-analysis of cyberbullying research among youth. Psychological Bulletin, 140(4), 1073–1137. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lakens, D. (2017). Equivalence tests: A practical primer for t tests, correlations, and meta-analyses. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8(4), 355–362. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Lakens, D. (2017). Equivalence tests: A practical primer for t tests, correlations, and meta-analyses. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8(4), 355–362. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Legault, L., Gutsell, J. N., & Inzlicht, M. (2011). Ironic effects of antiprejudice messages: How motivational interventions can reduce (but also increase) prejudice. Psychological Science, 22(12), 1472–1477. PubMedCrossRef Legault, L., Gutsell, J. N., & Inzlicht, M. (2011). Ironic effects of antiprejudice messages: How motivational interventions can reduce (but also increase) prejudice. Psychological Science, 22(12), 1472–1477. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lereya, S. T., Samara, M., & Wolke, D. (2013). Parenting behavior and the risk of becoming a victim and a bully/victim: A meta-analysis study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37(12), 1091–1108. CrossRef Lereya, S. T., Samara, M., & Wolke, D. (2013). Parenting behavior and the risk of becoming a victim and a bully/victim: A meta-analysis study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37(12), 1091–1108. CrossRef
go back to reference Li, Q. (2007). New bottle but old wine: A research of cyberbullying in schools. Computers in Human Behavior, 23(4), 1777–1791. CrossRef Li, Q. (2007). New bottle but old wine: A research of cyberbullying in schools. Computers in Human Behavior, 23(4), 1777–1791. CrossRef
go back to reference Munafò, M. R., Nosek, B. A., Bishop, D. V. M., Button, K. S., Chambers, C. D., Percie du Sert, N., & Ioannidis, J. P. A. (2017). A manifesto for reproducible science. Nature Human Behaviour, 1(1), 0021. CrossRef Munafò, M. R., Nosek, B. A., Bishop, D. V. M., Button, K. S., Chambers, C. D., Percie du Sert, N., & Ioannidis, J. P. A. (2017). A manifesto for reproducible science. Nature Human Behaviour, 1(1), 0021. CrossRef
go back to reference Pomerantz, E. M, Ng, F. F., & Wang, Q. (2008). Culture, parenting, and motivation: The case of East Asia and the United States. In: In M. L. Maehr, S. A. Karabenick, T. C. Urdan, (eds.) Advances in motivation and achievement: Social psychological perspectives, vol. 15. (pp. 209–240). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing. Pomerantz, E. M, Ng, F. F., & Wang, Q. (2008). Culture, parenting, and motivation: The case of East Asia and the United States. In: In M. L. Maehr, S. A. Karabenick, T. C. Urdan, (eds.) Advances in motivation and achievement: Social psychological perspectives, vol. 15. (pp. 209–240). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing.
go back to reference Przybylski, A. K., & Bowes, L. (2017). Cyberbullying and adolescent well-being in England: A population-based cross-sectional study. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 1(1), 19–26. CrossRef Przybylski, A. K., & Bowes, L. (2017). Cyberbullying and adolescent well-being in England: A population-based cross-sectional study. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 1(1), 19–26. CrossRef
go back to reference Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68–78. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68–78. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
go back to reference Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2017). ). Self-determination theory: Basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness. New York, NY: Guilford. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2017). ). Self-determination theory: Basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness. New York, NY: Guilford.
go back to reference Ryan, R. M., Patrick, H., Deci, E. L., & Williams, G. C. (2008). Facilitating health behaviour change and its maintenance: Interventions based on self-determination theory. European Health Psychologist, 10(1), 2–5. Ryan, R. M., Patrick, H., Deci, E. L., & Williams, G. C. (2008). Facilitating health behaviour change and its maintenance: Interventions based on self-determination theory. European Health Psychologist, 10(1), 2–5.
go back to reference Shields, A., & Cicchetti, D. (2001). Parental maltreatment and emotion dysregulation as risk factors for bullying and victimization in middle childhood. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30(3), 349–363. PubMedCrossRef Shields, A., & Cicchetti, D. (2001). Parental maltreatment and emotion dysregulation as risk factors for bullying and victimization in middle childhood. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30(3), 349–363. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Silva, M. N., Marques, M. M., & Teixeira, P. J. (2014). Testing theory in practice: The example of self-determination theory-based interventions. European Health Psychologist, 16(5), 171–180. Silva, M. N., Marques, M. M., & Teixeira, P. J. (2014). Testing theory in practice: The example of self-determination theory-based interventions. European Health Psychologist, 16(5), 171–180.
go back to reference Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2010). A theoretical upgrade of the concept of parental psychological control: Proposing new insights on the basis of self-determination theory. Developmental Review, 30(1), 74–99. CrossRef Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2010). A theoretical upgrade of the concept of parental psychological control: Proposing new insights on the basis of self-determination theory. Developmental Review, 30(1), 74–99. CrossRef
go back to reference Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Niemiec, C. P. (2009). Should parental prohibition of adolescents’ peer relationships be prohibited? Personal Relationships, 16(4), 507–530. CrossRef Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Niemiec, C. P. (2009). Should parental prohibition of adolescents’ peer relationships be prohibited? Personal Relationships, 16(4), 507–530. CrossRef
go back to reference Steinberg, L. (2007). Risk taking in adolescence: New perspectives from brain and behavioral science. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(2), 55–59. CrossRef Steinberg, L. (2007). Risk taking in adolescence: New perspectives from brain and behavioral science. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(2), 55–59. CrossRef
go back to reference Stewart, R. W., Drescher, C. F., Maack, D. J., Ebesutani, C., & Young, J. (2014). The development and psychometric investigation of the Cyberbullying Scale. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(12), 2218–2238. PubMedCrossRef Stewart, R. W., Drescher, C. F., Maack, D. J., Ebesutani, C., & Young, J. (2014). The development and psychometric investigation of the Cyberbullying Scale. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(12), 2218–2238. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., Van Petegem, S., & Duriez, B. (2014). Longitudinal associations between adolescent perceived degree and style of parental prohibition and internalization and defiance. Developmental Psychology, 50(1), 229–236. PubMedCrossRef Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., Van Petegem, S., & Duriez, B. (2014). Longitudinal associations between adolescent perceived degree and style of parental prohibition and internalization and defiance. Developmental Psychology, 50(1), 229–236. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Volk, A. A., Camilleri, J. A., Dane, A. V., & Marini, Z. A. (2012). Is adolescent bullying an evolutionary adaptation? Aggressive Behavior, 38(3), 222–238. PubMedCrossRef Volk, A. A., Camilleri, J. A., Dane, A. V., & Marini, Z. A. (2012). Is adolescent bullying an evolutionary adaptation? Aggressive Behavior, 38(3), 222–238. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wang, J., Iannotti, R. J., & Nansel, T. R. (2009). School bullying among adolescents in the United States: Physical, verbal, relational, and cyber. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45(4), 368–375. PubMedCrossRef Wang, J., Iannotti, R. J., & Nansel, T. R. (2009). School bullying among adolescents in the United States: Physical, verbal, relational, and cyber. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45(4), 368–375. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wolke, D., Lereya, T., & Tippett, N. (2016). Individual and social determinants of bullying and cyberbullying. In T. Völlink, F. Dehue & C. Mc Guckin (Eds), Cyberbullying: From theory to intervention (pp. 26–53). London: Routledge. Wolke, D., Lereya, T., & Tippett, N. (2016). Individual and social determinants of bullying and cyberbullying. In T. Völlink, F. Dehue & C. Mc Guckin (Eds), Cyberbullying: From theory to intervention (pp. 26–53). London: Routledge.
go back to reference Ybarra, M., & Mitchell, K. J. (2004). Online aggressor/targets, aggressors and targets: A comparison of associated youth characteristics. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(7), 1308–1316. PubMedCrossRef Ybarra, M., & Mitchell, K. J. (2004). Online aggressor/targets, aggressors and targets: A comparison of associated youth characteristics. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(7), 1308–1316. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Parenting Strategies and Adolescents’ Cyberbullying Behaviors: Evidence from a Preregistered Study of Parent–Child Dyads
Auteurs
Nicole Legate
Netta Weinstein
Andrew K. Przybylski
Publicatiedatum
26-11-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 2/2019
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0962-y