Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
In Taiwan, children’s physical activity (PA) levels have been declining, which leads to a higher risk for chronic disease in adulthood. Children’s PA habits are formed within environmental and social contexts in which parents play a fundamental role. Most studies that evaluate parental factors are Western and use single or unidimensional measures. There are few Asian studies, especially of young children, on this topic. Hence, we developed a culturally sensitive and multidimensional scale to determine how parents in Taiwan can effectively promote children’s PA. We based our scale on the Activity Support Scale (ACTS) and processed it using a World Health Organization (WHO) protocol. We recruited 428 parents of school-aged children and used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to test its content validity. We then distributed the verified scale to a new group of 615 parents for criteria-related validation using multivariate logistic regression. We finally developed a multidimensional scale comprised of three major factors of parental support for children’s PA: (1) modeling, (2) logistic support—the first two are based on the ACTS—and (3) parental regulation, a newly found factor. This scale provides a culturally sensitive measure of parental influence on children’s physical activity.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013). Australia Health Survey. http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/d3310114.nsf/home/australian+health+survey.
Booth, M. L., Ainsworth, B. E., Pratt, M., Ekelund, U., Yngve, A., Sallis, J. F., & Oja, P. (2003). International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 195(9131/03), 3508–1381.
CDC. (2010). How much physical activity do children need. http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/everyone/guidelines/children.html.
Chomitz, V. R., Slining, M. M., McGowan, R. J., Mitchell, S. E., Dawson, G. F., & Hacker, K. A. (2009). Is there a relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement? Positive results from public school children in the northeastern United States. Journal of School Health, 79(1), 30–37. CrossRefPubMed
Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee (2008). Physical activity guidelines advisory committee report, 2008 (pp A1-H14). Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, 2008.
Directorate General of Budget, A. a. S., Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (2018). Family Income/Expenditure Survey Metadata. https://eng.stat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=8849&CtNode=1595&mp=5.
Edwardson, C. L., & Gorely, T. (2010). Parental influences on different types and intensities of physical activity in youth: a systematic review. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11(6), 522–535. CrossRef
Emck, C., Bosscher, R., Beek, P., & Doreleijers, T. (2009). Gross motor performance and self‐perceived motor competence in children with emotional, behavioural, and pervasive developmental disorders: a review. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 51(7), 501–517. CrossRef
Garlaschelli, D., & Loffredo, M. I. (2008). Maximum likelihood: eunbiased information from complex networks. Physical Review E, 78(1), 015101. CrossRef
Greendorfer, S. L. (1992). Sport socialization advances in sport pshchology (pp. 243–259). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Gregory, A., & Weinstein, R. S. (2004). Connection and regulation at home and in school predicting growth in achievement for adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19(4), 405–427. CrossRef
Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1–55. CrossRef
Huntsinger, C. S., Jose, P. E., Larson, S. L., Balsink Krieg, D., & Shaligram, C. (2000). Mathematics, vocabulary, and reading development in Chinese American and European American children over the primary school years. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92(4), 745–760. CrossRef
Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling: Guilford press, New York.
Lan, T.-S., Kuo, T.-S., & Zhang, L.-Y. (2015). A study of the relationship between elementary school students’ life style and BMI abnormality. Management Information Computing, 4(2), 83–93.
Nezu, S., Iwasaka, H., Saeki, K., Ishizuka, R., Goma, H., Okamoto, N., Makino, H., Tanimura, M., Yoshizaki, K., & Obayashi, K. (2015). Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the KIDSCREEN-52 health-related quality of life questionnaire for children/adolescents and parents/proxies. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 20(1), 44–52. CrossRefPubMed
Pomerantz, E. M., & Wang, Q. (2009). The role of parental control in children’s development in Western and East Asian countries. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18(5), 285–289. CrossRef
Sallis, J., Alcaraz, J. E., McKenzie, T. L., Hovell, M. F., Kolody, B., & Nader, P. R. (1992). Parental behavior in relation to physical activity and fitness in 9-year-old children. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 146(11), 1383–1388. PubMed
Sallis, J. F., Taylor, W. C., Dowda, M., Freedson, P. S., & Pate, R. R. (2002). Correlates of vigorous physical activity for children in grades 1 through 12: comparing parent-reported and objectively measured physical activity. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(1), 30–44. CrossRef
Sports Administration Ministry of Education (2013). 2013 Annual report on physical education statistics. http://www.sa.gov.tw/wSite/ct?xItem=4599&ctNode=249&mp=11.
Sports Administration Ministry of Education (2014). 2014 Annual report on physical education statistics. http://www.sa.gov.tw/wSite/ct?xItem=10856&ctNode=249&mp=11.
Triandis, H. C. (1994). Culture and social behavior: Mcgraw-Hill Book Company, New York.
WHO (2012). Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health. http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_young_people/en/.
World Health Organization (2010). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/9789241599979/en/.
World Health Organization (2016). Process of translation and adaptation of instruments. http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/research_tools/translation/en/.
Yan, J. H., & McCullagh, P. (2004). Cultural influence on youth’s motivation of participation in physical activity. Journal of Sport Behavior, 27(4), 378–390.
Zach, S., Zeev, A., Dunsky, A., Goldbourt, U., Shimony, T., Goldsmith, R., & Netz, Y. (2013). Adolescents’ physical activity habits–results from a national health survey. Child: Care, Health and Development, 39(1), 103–108.
- Parental Support in Taiwan that Promotes Children’s Physical Activity
Kaiping Grace Yao
- Springer US