Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
To facilitate understanding of the factors associated with child depressive symptoms in middle childhood, we examined the roles of parental support for autonomy and parent–child attachment in child depressive symptoms among 150 Chinese parent–child dyads. The participating children’s ages ranged from 6 to 12 years old. Parental support for autonomy was coded from a conflict resolution and a cooperation task. Children reported their depressive symptoms and their attachment relationships with the participating parents. After controlling for parent depressive symptoms, parental support for autonomy was associated with fewer child depressive symptoms. The association between parental support for autonomy and child depressive symptoms was mediated by parent–child attachment quality, suggesting that parental support for autonomy was negatively associated with child depressive symptoms through its positive association with parent–child attachment quality. Moreover, the positive association between parental support for autonomy and parent–child attachment quality was stronger for older children. The current study expanded the knowledge on parental support for autonomy in middle-childhood and its association with parent–child relationships and child mental health. Future research is encouraged to pay more attention to the role of parental support for autonomy in various aspects of child development for children in middle-childhood and pre-adolescence.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ainsworth, M. D. S., Bell, S. M., & Stayton, D. J. (1972). Individual differences in the development of some attachment behaviors. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly of Behavior and Development, 18, 123–143.
Angold, A., & Costello, E. J. (2001). The epidemiology of depression in children and adolescents. In I. M. Goodyer (Ed.), The depressed children and adolescents. 2nd edn (pp. 143–178). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Bernier, A., Matte‐Gagné, C., Bélanger, M. È., & Whipple, N. (2014). Taking stock of two decades of attachment transmission gap: Broadening the assessment of maternal behavior. Child Development, 85, 1852–1865. PubMed
Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Attachment (vol. 1). New York, NY: Basic Books.
Brenning, K. M., Soenens, B., Braet, C., & Bosmans, G. (2011). Attachment and depressive symptoms in middle childhood and early adolescence: Testing the validity of the emotion regulation model of attachment. Personal Relationships, 19, 445–464. CrossRef
Bromet, E., Andrade, L. H., Hwang, I., Sampson, N. A., Alonso, J., De Girolamo, G., De Graaf, R., Demyttenaere, K., Hu, C., Iwata, N., Karam, A. N., Kaur, J., Kostyuchenko, S., Lepine, J. P., Levinson, D., Matschinger, H., Mora, M. E., Browne, M. O., Posada-Villa, J., Viana, M. C., Williams, D. R., & Kessler, R. C. (2011). Cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV major depressive episode. BMC Medicine, 9, 90–105. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Bush, K. R., Peterson, G. W., Cobas, J. A., & Supple, A. J. (2002). Adolescents’ perceptions of parental behaviors as predictors of adolescent self–esteem in mainland China. Sociological Inquiry, 72, 503–526. CrossRef
Chen, J., Dunne, M. P., & Han, P. (2006). Child sexual abuse in Henan province, China: Associations with sadness, suicidality, and risk behaviors among adolescent girls. Journal of Adolescent Health 38, 544–549.
Chirkov, V. I., & Ryan, R. M. (2001). Parent and teacher autonomy-support in Russian and US adolescents: Common effects on well-being and academic motivation. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 618–635. CrossRef
Cummings, E. M., & Cicchetti, D. (1990). Toward a transactional model of relations between attachment and depression. In M. T. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. M. Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research, and intervention (pp. 339–372). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cummings, E. M., & Cummings, J. S. (2002). Parenting and attachment. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting (pp. 35–58). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Vol. 5.
Derogatis, L. R. (1977). SCL-90-R: Administration, scoring and procedures manual I. Baltimore: Clinical Psychometrics Research.
Derogatis, L. R., & Savitz, K. L. (1999). The SCL-90-R, brief symptom inventory, and matching clinical rating scales. In M. E. Maruish (Ed.), The Use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcomes assessment. 2nd edn. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Derogatis, L. R., & Unger, R. (2010). Symptom checklist‐90‐revised. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1–2.
Doyle, A. B., & Markiewicz, D. (2005). Parenting, marital conflict and adjustment from early-to mid-adolescence: Mediated by adolescent attachment style? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 97–110. CrossRef
Grolnick, W. S. (2003). The psychology of parental control: How well- meant parenting backfires. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Helwig, C. C. (2006). The development of personal autonomy throughout cultures. Cognitive Development, 21, 458–473. CrossRef
Kagitcibasi, C. (2005). Autonomy and relatedness in cultural context implications for self and family. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 36, 403–422. CrossRef
Kerns, K. A. (2008). Attachment in middle childhood. In J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment (pp. 366–382). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Kerns, K. A., Brumariu, L. E., & Seibert, A. (2011). Multi-method assessment of mother-child attachment: Links to parenting and child depressive symptoms in middle childhood. Attachment & Human Development, 13, 315–333. CrossRef
Kullik, A., & Petermann, F. (2012). Attachment to parents and peers as a risk factor for adolescent depressive disorders: The mediating role of emotion regulation. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 44, 537–548. CrossRef
Luby, J. L., Belden, A. C., & Spitznagel, E. (2006). Risk factors for preschool depression: The mediating role of early stressful life events. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 1292–1298. PubMed
Maccoby, E. E. (1984). Middle childhood in the context of the family. In W. A. Collins (Ed.), Development during middle childhood: The years from six to twelve. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Marbell, K. N., & Grolnick, W. S. (2013). Correlates of parental control and autonomy support in an interdependent culture: A look at Ghana. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 79–92. CrossRef
Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224. CrossRef
National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China. (2015). Beijing Statistical Yearbook. Beijing, China: China Statistics Press.
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385–401. CrossRef
Steinberg, L. (1990). Autonomy, conflict, and harmony in the family relationship. In S. S. Feldman, & G. R. Elliott (Eds.), At the threshold: The developing adolescent (pp. 255–276). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Troop-Gordon, W., Rudolph, K. D., Sugimura, N., & Little, T. D. (2015). Peer victimization in middle childhood impedes adaptive responses to stress: A pathway to depressive symptoms. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 44, 432–445. CrossRef
Wilkinson, R. B., & Goh, D. Y. L. (2014). Structural, age, and sex differences for a short form of the inventory of parent and peer attachment: The IPPA-45. Journal of Relationships Research, 5, 1–11. CrossRef
Xu, J., Lin, D., Wang, J., Hu, W., Zhang, H., & Xu, G. (2008). Comparison of influential factors for depressive symptoms among primary school students in Hefei and Shenzhen. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 22, 246–248.
- Parental Support for Autonomy and Child Depressive Symptoms in Middle Childhood: The Mediating Role of Parent–Child Attachment
Z. R. Han
- Springer US