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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 10/2019

27-05-2019 | Original Paper

Parental Socialization Beliefs and Long-term Goals for Young Children Among Three Generations of Mexican American Mothers

Auteurs: Marie-Anne Suizzo, Louise E. Tedford, Molly McManus

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 10/2019

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Abstract

Objectives

Parents’ beliefs, practices, and goals for children vary across cultures in the extent to which they promote dimensions of independence and interdependence. Parental preferences also vary within cultures according to nativity, generation status, and education level. Yet, within-culture studies of parenting among Mexican Americans are extremely scarce, especially among parents of young children.

Methods

In this study, 103 Mexican American mothers of one- to six-year-old children (M = 4.6 years) completed two questionnaires measuring (1) beliefs about the importance of socialization practices with young children, and (2) long-term goals and values for children as adults. We investigated differences in seven scales across three dimensions of independence and interdependence: agency, conformity, and relatedness.

Results

Practice beliefs and long-term goals varied according to mother’s generation status, controlling for maternal education. Later generation mothers were more concerned with promoting autonomy (agency) (F2,97 = 6.85, partial eta squared = .12), and less with teaching obedience and manners (conformity) (F2,97 = 7.33, partial eta squared = .13), than earlier generation mothers. While they continued to value close relationships (relatedness), third generation mothers attached somewhat less importance to this long-term goal than earlier generation mothers (F2,97 = 4.89, partial eta squared = .09). Finally, generation status moderated relations between maternal education and teaching obedience and manners: maternal education level was more strongly negatively associated with the belief in teaching obedience and manners in third generation than in second-generation mothers (b = −.123, F3,99 = 16.911, R2 = .346, p < .001).

Conclusions

Despite these intergenerational trends, across all generations, Mexican-origin mothers highly valued aspects of both agency and conformity as well as relatedness, providing further support for the emotional interdependence cultural model of parenting. This study increases our knowledge of Mexican American mothers’ beliefs and goals, and may inform the design of evidence-based, culturally-sensitive interventions.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Parental Socialization Beliefs and Long-term Goals for Young Children Among Three Generations of Mexican American Mothers
Auteurs
Marie-Anne Suizzo
Louise E. Tedford
Molly McManus
Publicatiedatum
27-05-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 10/2019
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01461-1

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