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29-12-2018 | Original Article | Uitgave 4/2019 Open Access

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2019

Parental Risk Factors among Children with Reactive Attachment Disorder Referred to Specialized Services: A Nationwide Population-Based Study

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 4/2019
Auteurs:
Subina Upadhyaya, Roshan Chudal, Terhi Luntamo, Jari Sinkkonen, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Hitoshi Kaneko, Andre Sourander
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Abstract

This nationwide population-based register study examined the family and parental risk factors associated with offspring reactive attachment disorder (RAD). We identified 614 children diagnosed with RAD from the Finnish Care Register for Health Care and each case was matched with four controls. Univariate and multivariate models examined the associations between risk factors and RAD. In the multivariate model, offspring RAD was associated with only mother, only father and both parents having psychiatric diagnoses. Increased odds were observed for maternal smoking during pregnancy, single motherhood and paternal age ≥ 45 years. This study provides information on several parental adversities and offspring RAD that have important implications for public health, when planning early prevention and interventions in infant mental health.

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