Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3/2015

01-04-2015

Parental Perfectionism and Overcontrol: Examining Mechanisms in the Development of Child Anxiety

Auteurs: Nicholas W. Affrunti, Janet Woodruff-Borden

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 3/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

It has been theorized that perfectionistic parents will engage in behaviors characterized by overcontrol, which then increase child anxiety. Previous research has yet to test this theory within a single study. The current study investigated the proposed theory in a single model, examining the mediational roles of parent perfectionism and overcontrol in the association between parent and child anxiety. Participants were 77 parent–child dyads, with 46 parents and 40 children diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Children were between 3 and 12 years old (57.1 % female, 76.6 % Caucasian, 22.1 % African American). Path analysis indicated that the overall model fit the data well. Analyses showed that parental overcontrol mediated the relation between parental perfectionism and child anxiety and parental perfectionism mediated the relation between parental anxiety and parental overcontrol. Further, parental perfectionism and overcontrol sequentially mediated the parent to child anxiety relation. However, when parental perfectionism was accounted for in the model, parental overcontrol did not mediate the relation between parent and child anxiety. The findings suggest that parent perfectionism and overcontrol, together, may represent a specific pathway of risk for the development of anxiety disorders in children. The implications of these findings are reviewed in the context of previous theory on parental perfectionism, overcontrol, and the development of child anxiety. The clinical importance of the findings and future directions are also discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior check-list/4-18 and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont. Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior check-list/4-18 and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont.
go back to reference Affrunti, N. W., & Ginsburg, G. S. (2012). Maternal overcontrol and child anxiety: the mediating role of perceived competence. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 43, 102–112. CrossRef Affrunti, N. W., & Ginsburg, G. S. (2012). Maternal overcontrol and child anxiety: the mediating role of perceived competence. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 43, 102–112. CrossRef
go back to reference Affrunti, N. W., & Woodruff-Borden, J. (2014). Perfectionism in pediatric anxiety and depressive disorders. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. Advance online publication. doi: 10.​1007/​s10567-014-0164-4. Affrunti, N. W., & Woodruff-Borden, J. (2014). Perfectionism in pediatric anxiety and depressive disorders. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. Advance online publication. doi: 10.​1007/​s10567-014-0164-4.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference Ballash, N., Leyfer, O., Buckley, A. F., & Woodruff-Borden, J. (2006). Parental control in the etiology of anxiety. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 9, 113–133. CrossRefPubMed Ballash, N., Leyfer, O., Buckley, A. F., & Woodruff-Borden, J. (2006). Parental control in the etiology of anxiety. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 9, 113–133. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67, 3296–3319. CrossRefPubMed Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67, 3296–3319. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Barber, B. K., Olsen, J. E., & Shagle, S. C. (1994). Associations between parental psychological and behavioral control and youth internalized and externalized behaviors. Child Development, 65, 1120–1136. CrossRefPubMed Barber, B. K., Olsen, J. E., & Shagle, S. C. (1994). Associations between parental psychological and behavioral control and youth internalized and externalized behaviors. Child Development, 65, 1120–1136. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Barrett, P. M., Fox, T., & Farrell, L. J. (2005). Parent–child interactions with anxious children and with their siblings: an observational study. Behaviour Change, 22, 220–235. CrossRef Barrett, P. M., Fox, T., & Farrell, L. J. (2005). Parent–child interactions with anxious children and with their siblings: an observational study. Behaviour Change, 22, 220–235. CrossRef
go back to reference Barrett, P. M., Rapee, R. M., Dadds, M. M., & Ryan, S. M. (1996). Family enhancement of cognitive style in anxious and aggressive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 187–203. CrossRefPubMed Barrett, P. M., Rapee, R. M., Dadds, M. M., & Ryan, S. M. (1996). Family enhancement of cognitive style in anxious and aggressive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 187–203. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Becker, K. D., Ginsburg, G. S., Domingues, J., & Tein, J. Y. (2010). Maternal control behavior and locus of control: examining mechanisms in the relation between maternal anxiety disorders and anxiety symptomatology in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38, 533–543. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Becker, K. D., Ginsburg, G. S., Domingues, J., & Tein, J. Y. (2010). Maternal control behavior and locus of control: examining mechanisms in the relation between maternal anxiety disorders and anxiety symptomatology in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38, 533–543. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Beidel, D. C., & Turner, S. M. (1997). At risk for anxiety: I. Psychopathology in the offspring of anxious parents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 918–924. CrossRef Beidel, D. C., & Turner, S. M. (1997). At risk for anxiety: I. Psychopathology in the offspring of anxious parents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 918–924. CrossRef
go back to reference Belsky, J., Crnic, K., & Woodworth, S. (1995). Personality and parenting: Exploring the mediating role of transient mood and daily hassles. Journal of Personality, 63, 905–929. CrossRefPubMed Belsky, J., Crnic, K., & Woodworth, S. (1995). Personality and parenting: Exploring the mediating role of transient mood and daily hassles. Journal of Personality, 63, 905–929. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bögels, S. M., & Brechman-Toussaint, M. L. (2006). Family issues in child anxiety: attachment, family functioning, parental rearing and beliefs. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 834–856. CrossRefPubMed Bögels, S. M., & Brechman-Toussaint, M. L. (2006). Family issues in child anxiety: attachment, family functioning, parental rearing and beliefs. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 834–856. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bögels, S., & Phares, V. (2008). Fathers’ role in the etiology, prevention and treatment of child anxiety: a review and new model. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 539–558. CrossRefPubMed Bögels, S., & Phares, V. (2008). Fathers’ role in the etiology, prevention and treatment of child anxiety: a review and new model. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 539–558. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bögels, S. M., Bamelis, L., & van der Bruggen, C. (2008). Parental rearing as a function of parent’s own, partner’s, and child’s anxiety status: fathers make the difference. Cognition and Emotion, 22, 522–538. CrossRef Bögels, S. M., Bamelis, L., & van der Bruggen, C. (2008). Parental rearing as a function of parent’s own, partner’s, and child’s anxiety status: fathers make the difference. Cognition and Emotion, 22, 522–538. CrossRef
go back to reference Bornstein, M. H., Hahn, C. S., & Haynes, O. M. (2011). Maternal personality, parenting cognitions, and parenting practices. Developmental Psychology, 47, 658–675. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Bornstein, M. H., Hahn, C. S., & Haynes, O. M. (2011). Maternal personality, parenting cognitions, and parenting practices. Developmental Psychology, 47, 658–675. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Brown, T. A., DiNardo, P., & Barlow, D. H. (1994). Anxiety disorders interview schedule adult version (ADIS-IV): Client interview schedule. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation. Brown, T. A., DiNardo, P., & Barlow, D. H. (1994). Anxiety disorders interview schedule adult version (ADIS-IV): Client interview schedule. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Brown, T. A., Di Nardo, P. A., Lehman, C. L., & Campbell, L. A. (2001). Reliability of DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders: implications for the classification of emotional disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 49–58. CrossRefPubMed Brown, T. A., Di Nardo, P. A., Lehman, C. L., & Campbell, L. A. (2001). Reliability of DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders: implications for the classification of emotional disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 49–58. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cartwright-Hatton, S., McNicol, K., & Doubleday, E. (2006). Anxiety in a neglected population: prevalence of anxiety disorders in pre-adolescent children. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 817–833. CrossRefPubMed Cartwright-Hatton, S., McNicol, K., & Doubleday, E. (2006). Anxiety in a neglected population: prevalence of anxiety disorders in pre-adolescent children. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 817–833. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). The development of anxiety: the role of control in the early environment. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 3–21. CrossRefPubMed Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). The development of anxiety: the role of control in the early environment. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 3–21. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Coles, M. E., Frost, R. O., Heimberg, R. G., & Rhéaume, J. (2003). “Not just right experiences”: perfectionism, obsessive–compulsive features and general psychopathology. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 681–700. CrossRefPubMed Coles, M. E., Frost, R. O., Heimberg, R. G., & Rhéaume, J. (2003). “Not just right experiences”: perfectionism, obsessive–compulsive features and general psychopathology. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 681–700. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cook, L. C., & Kearney, C. A. (2009). Parent and youth perfectionism and internalizing psychopathology. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 325–330. CrossRef Cook, L. C., & Kearney, C. A. (2009). Parent and youth perfectionism and internalizing psychopathology. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 325–330. CrossRef
go back to reference Costello, E. J., Mustillo, S., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., & Angold, A. (2003). Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 837–844. CrossRefPubMed Costello, E. J., Mustillo, S., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., & Angold, A. (2003). Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 837–844. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Craske, M. G. (1999). Anxiety disorders: Psychological approaches to theory and treatment. Boulder: Westview Press/Basic Books. Craske, M. G. (1999). Anxiety disorders: Psychological approaches to theory and treatment. Boulder: Westview Press/Basic Books.
go back to reference de Haan, A. D., Deković, M., & Prinzie, P. (2012). Longitudinal impact of parental and adolescent personality on parenting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 189–199. CrossRefPubMed de Haan, A. D., Deković, M., & Prinzie, P. (2012). Longitudinal impact of parental and adolescent personality on parenting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 189–199. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Degnan, K. A., Almas, A. N., & Fox, N. A. (2010). Temperament and the environment in the etiology of childhood anxiety. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 497–517. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Degnan, K. A., Almas, A. N., & Fox, N. A. (2010). Temperament and the environment in the etiology of childhood anxiety. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 497–517. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Drake, K. L., & Ginsburg, G. S. (2011). Parenting practices of anxious and nonanxious mothers: a multi-method, multi-informant approach. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 33, 299–321. CrossRef Drake, K. L., & Ginsburg, G. S. (2011). Parenting practices of anxious and nonanxious mothers: a multi-method, multi-informant approach. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 33, 299–321. CrossRef
go back to reference Drake, K. L., & Ginsburg, G. S. (2012). Family factors in the development, treatment, and prevention of childhood anxiety disorders. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 15, 144–162. CrossRefPubMed Drake, K. L., & Ginsburg, G. S. (2012). Family factors in the development, treatment, and prevention of childhood anxiety disorders. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 15, 144–162. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Edison, S. C., Evans, M. A., McHolm, A. E., Cunningham, C. E., Nowakowski, M. E., Boyle, M., & Schmidt, L. A. (2011). An investigation of control among parents of selectively mute, anxious, and non-anxious children. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 42, 270–290. CrossRef Edison, S. C., Evans, M. A., McHolm, A. E., Cunningham, C. E., Nowakowski, M. E., Boyle, M., & Schmidt, L. A. (2011). An investigation of control among parents of selectively mute, anxious, and non-anxious children. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 42, 270–290. CrossRef
go back to reference Edwards, S. L., Rapee, R. M., & Kennedy, S. (2010). Prediction of anxiety symptoms in preschool–aged children: examination of maternal and paternal perspectives. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 313–321. CrossRefPubMed Edwards, S. L., Rapee, R. M., & Kennedy, S. (2010). Prediction of anxiety symptoms in preschool–aged children: examination of maternal and paternal perspectives. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 313–321. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Egger, H. L., & Angold, A. (2006). Common emotional and behavioral disorders in preschool children: presentation, nosology, and epidemiology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 313–337. CrossRefPubMed Egger, H. L., & Angold, A. (2006). Common emotional and behavioral disorders in preschool children: presentation, nosology, and epidemiology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 313–337. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Egger, H. L., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., Potts, E., Walter, B. K., & Angold, A. (2006). Test-retest reliability of the preschool age psychiatric assessment (PAPA). Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 538–549. CrossRef Egger, H. L., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., Potts, E., Walter, B. K., & Angold, A. (2006). Test-retest reliability of the preschool age psychiatric assessment (PAPA). Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 538–549. CrossRef
go back to reference Eley, T. C., Bolton, D., O’Connor, T. G., Perrin, S., Smith, P., & Plomin, R. (2003). A twin study of anxiety–related behaviours in pre–school children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 945–960. CrossRefPubMed Eley, T. C., Bolton, D., O’Connor, T. G., Perrin, S., Smith, P., & Plomin, R. (2003). A twin study of anxiety–related behaviours in pre–school children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 945–960. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Flett, G. L., Coulter, L. M., Hewitt, P. L., & Nepon, T. (2011). Perfectionism, rumination, worry, and depressive symptoms in early adolescents. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 26, 159–176. CrossRef Flett, G. L., Coulter, L. M., Hewitt, P. L., & Nepon, T. (2011). Perfectionism, rumination, worry, and depressive symptoms in early adolescents. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 26, 159–176. CrossRef
go back to reference Flett, G. L., Hewitt, P. L., Oliver, J. M., & Macdonald, S. (2002). Perfectionism in children and their parents: A developmental analysis. In G. L. Flett & P. L. Hewitt (Eds.), Perfectionism: Theory, research, and treatment (pp. 89–132). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Flett, G. L., Hewitt, P. L., Oliver, J. M., & Macdonald, S. (2002). Perfectionism in children and their parents: A developmental analysis. In G. L. Flett & P. L. Hewitt (Eds.), Perfectionism: Theory, research, and treatment (pp. 89–132). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., Marshall, P. J., Nichols, K. E., & Ghera, M. M. (2005). Behavioral inhibition: linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 235–262. CrossRefPubMed Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., Marshall, P. J., Nichols, K. E., & Ghera, M. M. (2005). Behavioral inhibition: linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 235–262. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Frost, R. O., & DiBartolo, P. M. (2002). Perfectionism, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. In G. L. Flett & P. L. Hewitt (Eds.), Perfectionism: Theory, research, and treatment (pp. 341–371). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Frost, R. O., & DiBartolo, P. M. (2002). Perfectionism, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. In G. L. Flett & P. L. Hewitt (Eds.), Perfectionism: Theory, research, and treatment (pp. 341–371). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Frost, R. O., Heimberg, R. G., Holt, C. S., Mattia, J. I., & Neubauer, A. L. (1993). A comparison of two measures of perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 14, 119–126. CrossRef Frost, R. O., Heimberg, R. G., Holt, C. S., Mattia, J. I., & Neubauer, A. L. (1993). A comparison of two measures of perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 14, 119–126. CrossRef
go back to reference Frost, R. O., Marten, P., Lahart, C., & Rosenblate, R. (1990). The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 449–468. CrossRef Frost, R. O., Marten, P., Lahart, C., & Rosenblate, R. (1990). The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 449–468. CrossRef
go back to reference Frost, R. O., & Steketee, G. (1997). Perfectionism in obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 291–296. CrossRefPubMed Frost, R. O., & Steketee, G. (1997). Perfectionism in obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 291–296. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gazelle, H., & Ladd, G. W. (2003). Anxious solitude and peer exclusion: a diathesis–stress model of internalizing trajectories in childhood. Child Development, 74, 257–278. CrossRefPubMed Gazelle, H., & Ladd, G. W. (2003). Anxious solitude and peer exclusion: a diathesis–stress model of internalizing trajectories in childhood. Child Development, 74, 257–278. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gerull, F. C., & Rapee, R. M. (2002). Mother knows best: effects of maternal modelling on the acquisition of fear and avoidance behaviour in toddlers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 279–287. CrossRefPubMed Gerull, F. C., & Rapee, R. M. (2002). Mother knows best: effects of maternal modelling on the acquisition of fear and avoidance behaviour in toddlers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 279–287. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ginsburg, G. S., & Schlossberg, M. C. (2002). Family-based treatment of childhood anxiety disorders. International Review of Psychiatry, 14, 143–154. CrossRef Ginsburg, G. S., & Schlossberg, M. C. (2002). Family-based treatment of childhood anxiety disorders. International Review of Psychiatry, 14, 143–154. CrossRef
go back to reference Ginsburg, G. S., Siqueland, L., Masia-Warner, C., & Hedtke, K. A. (2005). Anxiety disorders in children: family matters. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 11, 28–43. CrossRef Ginsburg, G. S., Siqueland, L., Masia-Warner, C., & Hedtke, K. A. (2005). Anxiety disorders in children: family matters. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 11, 28–43. CrossRef
go back to reference Hadwin, J. A., Garner, M., & Perez-Olivas, G. (2006). The development of information processing biases in childhood anxiety: a review and exploration of its origins in parenting. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 876–894. CrossRefPubMed Hadwin, J. A., Garner, M., & Perez-Olivas, G. (2006). The development of information processing biases in childhood anxiety: a review and exploration of its origins in parenting. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 876–894. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hagekull, B., Bohlin, G., & Hammarberg, A. (2001). The role of parental perceived control in child development: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 25, 429–437. CrossRef Hagekull, B., Bohlin, G., & Hammarberg, A. (2001). The role of parental perceived control in child development: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 25, 429–437. CrossRef
go back to reference Hewitt, P. L., Caelian, C. F., Flett, G. L., Sherry, S. B., Collins, L., & Flynn, C. A. (2002). Perfectionism in children: associations with depression, anxiety, and anger. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 1049–1061. CrossRef Hewitt, P. L., Caelian, C. F., Flett, G. L., Sherry, S. B., Collins, L., & Flynn, C. A. (2002). Perfectionism in children: associations with depression, anxiety, and anger. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 1049–1061. CrossRef
go back to reference Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6, 1–55. CrossRef Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
go back to reference Hudson, J. L., Dodd, H. F., & Bovopoulos, N. (2011). Temperament, family environment and anxiety in preschool children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 939–951. CrossRefPubMed Hudson, J. L., Dodd, H. F., & Bovopoulos, N. (2011). Temperament, family environment and anxiety in preschool children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 939–951. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kendall, P. C., Flannery-Schroeder, E., Panichelli-Mindel, S. M., Southam-Gerow, M., Henin, A., & Warman, M. (1997). Therapy for youths with anxiety disorders: a second randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 366–380. CrossRefPubMed Kendall, P. C., Flannery-Schroeder, E., Panichelli-Mindel, S. M., Southam-Gerow, M., Henin, A., & Warman, M. (1997). Therapy for youths with anxiety disorders: a second randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 366–380. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kennedy, S. J., Rapee, R. M., & Edwards, S. L. (2009). A selective intervention program for inhibited preschool-aged children of parents with an anxiety disorder: effects on current anxiety disorders and temperament. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 602–609. CrossRef Kennedy, S. J., Rapee, R. M., & Edwards, S. L. (2009). A selective intervention program for inhibited preschool-aged children of parents with an anxiety disorder: effects on current anxiety disorders and temperament. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 602–609. CrossRef
go back to reference Kerig, P. K., Cowan, P. A., & Cowan, C. P. (1993). Marital quality and gender differences in parent–child interaction. Developmental Psychology, 29, 931–939. CrossRef Kerig, P. K., Cowan, P. A., & Cowan, C. P. (1993). Marital quality and gender differences in parent–child interaction. Developmental Psychology, 29, 931–939. CrossRef
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (3rd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press. Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (3rd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Last, C. G., Hersen, M., Kazdin, A., Orvaschel, H., & Perrin, S. (1991). Anxiety disorders in children and their families. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 928–934. CrossRefPubMed Last, C. G., Hersen, M., Kazdin, A., Orvaschel, H., & Perrin, S. (1991). Anxiety disorders in children and their families. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 928–934. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lester, K. J., Field, A. P., Oliver, S., & Cartwright-Hatton, S. (2009). Do anxious parents interpretive biases towards threat extend into their child’s environment? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47, 170–174. CrossRefPubMed Lester, K. J., Field, A. P., Oliver, S., & Cartwright-Hatton, S. (2009). Do anxious parents interpretive biases towards threat extend into their child’s environment? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47, 170–174. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference MacKinnon, D. P., Lockwood, C. M., Hoffman, J. M., West, S. G., & Sheets, V. (2002). A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects. Psychological Methods, 7, 83–104. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed MacKinnon, D. P., Lockwood, C. M., Hoffman, J. M., West, S. G., & Sheets, V. (2002). A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects. Psychological Methods, 7, 83–104. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Maxwell, S. E., & Cole, D. A. (2007). Bias in cross-sectional analyses of longitudinal mediation. Psychological Methods, 12, 23–44. CrossRefPubMed Maxwell, S. E., & Cole, D. A. (2007). Bias in cross-sectional analyses of longitudinal mediation. Psychological Methods, 12, 23–44. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McLeod, B. D., Wood, J. J., & Weisz, J. R. (2007). Examining the association between parenting and childhood anxiety: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 155–172. CrossRefPubMed McLeod, B. D., Wood, J. J., & Weisz, J. R. (2007). Examining the association between parenting and childhood anxiety: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 155–172. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Merikangas, K. R., Dierker, L. C., & Szatmari, P. (1998). Psychopathology among offspring of parents with substance abuse and/or anxiety disorders: a high-risk study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 711–720. CrossRefPubMed Merikangas, K. R., Dierker, L. C., & Szatmari, P. (1998). Psychopathology among offspring of parents with substance abuse and/or anxiety disorders: a high-risk study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 711–720. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Meyer, T. J., Miller, M. L., Metzger, R. L., & Borkovec, T. D. (1990). Development and validation of the Penn State worry questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 28, 487–495. CrossRefPubMed Meyer, T. J., Miller, M. L., Metzger, R. L., & Borkovec, T. D. (1990). Development and validation of the Penn State worry questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 28, 487–495. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mian, N. D., Wainwright, L., Briggs-Gowan, M. J., & Carter, A. S. (2011). An ecological risk model for early childhood anxiety: the importance of early child symptoms and temperament. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 501–512. CrossRefPubMed Mian, N. D., Wainwright, L., Briggs-Gowan, M. J., & Carter, A. S. (2011). An ecological risk model for early childhood anxiety: the importance of early child symptoms and temperament. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 501–512. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mitchell, J. H., Broeren, S., Newall, C., & Hudson, J. L. (2013). An experimental manipulation of maternal perfectionistic anxious rearing behaviors with anxious and non-anxious children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​jecp.​2012.​12.​006. Mitchell, J. H., Broeren, S., Newall, C., & Hudson, J. L. (2013). An experimental manipulation of maternal perfectionistic anxious rearing behaviors with anxious and non-anxious children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​jecp.​2012.​12.​006.
go back to reference Moore, P. S., Whaley, S. E., & Sigman, M. (2004). Interactions between mothers and children: impacts of maternal and child anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 113, 471–476. CrossRefPubMed Moore, P. S., Whaley, S. E., & Sigman, M. (2004). Interactions between mothers and children: impacts of maternal and child anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 113, 471–476. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Muris, P., Steerneman, P., Merckelbach, H., & Meesters, C. (1996). The role of parental fearfulness and modeling in children’s fear. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 34, 265–268. CrossRefPubMed Muris, P., Steerneman, P., Merckelbach, H., & Meesters, C. (1996). The role of parental fearfulness and modeling in children’s fear. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 34, 265–268. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pine, D. S. (2007). Research review: a neuroscience framework for pediatric anxiety disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 631–648. CrossRefPubMed Pine, D. S. (2007). Research review: a neuroscience framework for pediatric anxiety disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 631–648. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior research methods, 40, 879–891. CrossRefPubMed Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior research methods, 40, 879–891. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Purdon, C., Antony, M. M., & Swinson, R. P. (1999). Psychometric properties of the frost multidimensional perfectionism scale in a clinical anxiety disorders sample. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55, 1271–1286. CrossRefPubMed Purdon, C., Antony, M. M., & Swinson, R. P. (1999). Psychometric properties of the frost multidimensional perfectionism scale in a clinical anxiety disorders sample. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55, 1271–1286. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rapee, R. M. (1997). Potential role of childrearing practices in the development of anxiety and depression. Clinical Psychology Review, 17, 47–67. CrossRefPubMed Rapee, R. M. (1997). Potential role of childrearing practices in the development of anxiety and depression. Clinical Psychology Review, 17, 47–67. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rapee, R. M., Kennedy, S., Ingram, M., Edwards, S., & Sweeney, L. (2005). Prevention and early intervention of anxiety disorders in inhibited preschool children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 488–497. CrossRefPubMed Rapee, R. M., Kennedy, S., Ingram, M., Edwards, S., & Sweeney, L. (2005). Prevention and early intervention of anxiety disorders in inhibited preschool children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 488–497. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rapee, R. M., Schniering, C. A., & Hudson, J. L. (2009). Anxiety disorders during childhood and adolescence: origins and treatment. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 5, 311–341. CrossRefPubMed Rapee, R. M., Schniering, C. A., & Hudson, J. L. (2009). Anxiety disorders during childhood and adolescence: origins and treatment. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 5, 311–341. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Bolduc, E. A., Hirshfeld, D. R., Faraone, S. V., & Kagan, J. (1992). Comorbidity of parental anxiety disorders as risk for childhood-onset anxiety in inhibited children. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 475–481. CrossRefPubMed Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Bolduc, E. A., Hirshfeld, D. R., Faraone, S. V., & Kagan, J. (1992). Comorbidity of parental anxiety disorders as risk for childhood-onset anxiety in inhibited children. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 475–481. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rothbart, M. K., Sheese, B. E., & Posner, M. I. (2007). Executive attention and effortful control: linking temperament, brain networks, and genes. Child Development Perspectives, 1, 2–7. CrossRef Rothbart, M. K., Sheese, B. E., & Posner, M. I. (2007). Executive attention and effortful control: linking temperament, brain networks, and genes. Child Development Perspectives, 1, 2–7. CrossRef
go back to reference Shafran, R., Cooper, Z., & Fairburn, C. G. (2002). Clinical perfectionism: a cognitive–behavioural analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 773–791. CrossRefPubMed Shafran, R., Cooper, Z., & Fairburn, C. G. (2002). Clinical perfectionism: a cognitive–behavioural analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 773–791. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shamir-Essakow, G., Ungerer, J. A., & Rapee, R. M. (2005). Attachment, behavioral inhibition, and anxiety in preschool children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 131–143. CrossRefPubMed Shamir-Essakow, G., Ungerer, J. A., & Rapee, R. M. (2005). Attachment, behavioral inhibition, and anxiety in preschool children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 131–143. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Silverman, W. K., & Albano, A. M. (1996). The anxiety disorders interview schedule for children for DSM-IV: (child and parent versions). San Antonio: Psychological Corporation. Silverman, W. K., & Albano, A. M. (1996). The anxiety disorders interview schedule for children for DSM-IV: (child and parent versions). San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Silverman, W. K., Saavedra, L. M., & Pina, A. A. (2001). Test-retest reliability of anxiety symptoms and diagnoses with the anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: Child and parent versions. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 937–944. CrossRef Silverman, W. K., Saavedra, L. M., & Pina, A. A. (2001). Test-retest reliability of anxiety symptoms and diagnoses with the anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: Child and parent versions. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 937–944. CrossRef
go back to reference Siqueland, L., Kendall, P. C., & Steinberg, L. (1996). Anxiety in children: perceived family environments and observed family interaction. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 225–237. CrossRef Siqueland, L., Kendall, P. C., & Steinberg, L. (1996). Anxiety in children: perceived family environments and observed family interaction. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 225–237. CrossRef
go back to reference Soenens, B., Elliot, A. J., Goossens, L., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyten, P., & Duriez, B. (2005). The intergenerational transmission of perfectionism: parents’ psychological control as an intervening variable. Journal of Family Psychology, 19, 358–366. CrossRefPubMed Soenens, B., Elliot, A. J., Goossens, L., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyten, P., & Duriez, B. (2005). The intergenerational transmission of perfectionism: parents’ psychological control as an intervening variable. Journal of Family Psychology, 19, 358–366. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Duriez, B., & Goossens, L. (2006). In search of the sources of psychologically controlling parenting: the role of parental separation anxiety and parental maladaptive perfectionism. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16, 539–559. CrossRef Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Duriez, B., & Goossens, L. (2006). In search of the sources of psychologically controlling parenting: the role of parental separation anxiety and parental maladaptive perfectionism. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16, 539–559. CrossRef
go back to reference Spence, S. H., Donovan, C., & Brechman–Toussaint, M. (2000). The treatment of childhood social phobia: the effectiveness of a social skills training–based, cognitive–behavioural intervention, with and without parental involvement. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 713–726. CrossRefPubMed Spence, S. H., Donovan, C., & Brechman–Toussaint, M. (2000). The treatment of childhood social phobia: the effectiveness of a social skills training–based, cognitive–behavioural intervention, with and without parental involvement. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 713–726. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, P. R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, A. G. (1983). Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press. Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, P. R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, A. G. (1983). Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.
go back to reference Storch, E. A., Murphy, T. K., Goodman, W. K., Geffken, G. R., Lewin, A. B., Henin, A., & Geller, D. A. (2010). A preliminary study of D-cycloserine augmentation of cognitive-behavioral therapy in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 68, 1073–1076. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Storch, E. A., Murphy, T. K., Goodman, W. K., Geffken, G. R., Lewin, A. B., Henin, A., & Geller, D. A. (2010). A preliminary study of D-cycloserine augmentation of cognitive-behavioral therapy in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 68, 1073–1076. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Teetsel, R. N., Ginsburg, G. S., & Drake, K. L. (2014). Anxiety-promoting parenting behaviors: a comparison of anxious mothers and fathers. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 45, 133–142. CrossRef Teetsel, R. N., Ginsburg, G. S., & Drake, K. L. (2014). Anxiety-promoting parenting behaviors: a comparison of anxious mothers and fathers. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 45, 133–142. CrossRef
go back to reference Turner, L. A., & Turner, P. E. (2011). The relation of behavioral inhibition and perceived parenting to maladaptive perfectionism in college students. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 840–844. CrossRef Turner, L. A., & Turner, P. E. (2011). The relation of behavioral inhibition and perceived parenting to maladaptive perfectionism in college students. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 840–844. CrossRef
go back to reference Turner, S. M., Beidel, D. C., & Costello, A. (1987). Psychopathology in the offspring of anxiety disorders patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 229–235. CrossRefPubMed Turner, S. M., Beidel, D. C., & Costello, A. (1987). Psychopathology in the offspring of anxiety disorders patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 229–235. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Van Der Bruggen, C. O., Stams, G. J. J., & Bögels, S. M. (2008). Research review: the relation between child and parent anxiety and parental control: a meta–analytic review. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 1257–1269. CrossRefPubMed Van Der Bruggen, C. O., Stams, G. J. J., & Bögels, S. M. (2008). Research review: the relation between child and parent anxiety and parental control: a meta–analytic review. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 1257–1269. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Vasey, M. W., & Dadds, M. R. (2001). An introduction to the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders. In M. W. Vasey & M. R. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety (pp. 3–26). New York: Oxford University Press. Vasey, M. W., & Dadds, M. R. (2001). An introduction to the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders. In M. W. Vasey & M. R. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety (pp. 3–26). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Walling, B. R., Mills, R. S., & Freeman, W. S. (2007). Parenting cognitions associated with the use of psychological control. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16, 642–659. CrossRef Walling, B. R., Mills, R. S., & Freeman, W. S. (2007). Parenting cognitions associated with the use of psychological control. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16, 642–659. CrossRef
go back to reference Weems, C. F., & Stickle, T. R. (2012). Mediation, incremental validity, and novel intervention development: introduction to a special issue on youth anxiety and related problems. Child & Youth Care Forum, 41, 509–515. CrossRef Weems, C. F., & Stickle, T. R. (2012). Mediation, incremental validity, and novel intervention development: introduction to a special issue on youth anxiety and related problems. Child & Youth Care Forum, 41, 509–515. CrossRef
go back to reference West, S. G., Finch, J. F., & Curran, P. J. (1995). Structural equation models with nonnormal variables: Problems and remedies. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications (pp. 56–75). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc. West, S. G., Finch, J. F., & Curran, P. J. (1995). Structural equation models with nonnormal variables: Problems and remedies. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications (pp. 56–75). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc.
go back to reference Whaley, S. E., Pinto, A., & Sigman, M. (1999). Characterizing interactions between anxious mothers and their children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 826–836. CrossRefPubMed Whaley, S. E., Pinto, A., & Sigman, M. (1999). Characterizing interactions between anxious mothers and their children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 826–836. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wood, J. J., McLeod, B. D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W. C., & Chu, B. C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 134–151. CrossRefPubMed Wood, J. J., McLeod, B. D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W. C., & Chu, B. C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 134–151. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Woodruff-Borden, J., Morrow, C., Bourland, S., & Cambron, S. (2002). The behavior of anxious parents: Examining mechanisms of transmission of anxiety from parent to child. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 364–374. CrossRefPubMed Woodruff-Borden, J., Morrow, C., Bourland, S., & Cambron, S. (2002). The behavior of anxious parents: Examining mechanisms of transmission of anxiety from parent to child. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 364–374. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zhao, X., Lynch, J. G., & Chen, Q. (2010). Reconsidering Baron and Kenny: Myths and truths about mediation analysis. Journal of Consumer Research, 37, 197–206. CrossRef Zhao, X., Lynch, J. G., & Chen, Q. (2010). Reconsidering Baron and Kenny: Myths and truths about mediation analysis. Journal of Consumer Research, 37, 197–206. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Parental Perfectionism and Overcontrol: Examining Mechanisms in the Development of Child Anxiety
Auteurs
Nicholas W. Affrunti
Janet Woodruff-Borden
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 3/2015
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9914-5