Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

11-11-2021 | Original Paper

Parental Involvement in Chinese Immigrant Mothers: The Influences of Cultural and Parenting Cognitions

Auteurs: Kai Sun, Matthew K. Mulvaney

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 1/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to identify mechanisms by which cultural cognitions were linked to parenting cognitions and practices in acculturating Chinese communities in the United States. In particular, parenting cognitions (sense of investment and parental satisfaction) were examined in relation to Chinese-American mothers’ cultural cognitions (Chinese and U.S. cultural orientation and both individualism and collectivism) and their role involvement and time involvement with their children. Parenting cognitions were also tested as potential mediators in the relationships between cultural cognitions and parental involvement. Path analyses demonstrated that stronger Chinese cultural orientation was associated with increased parental sense of investment and both time and role involvement. Their U.S. cultural orientation was negatively associated with parental time and role involvement. Collectivism was associated with increased parental investment and parental satisfaction. In addition, parental sense of investment mediated the association between Chinese cultural orientation and parental role involvement. The results demonstrated specific processes by which acculturation was linked to parenting cognitions and practices. The findings have implications for further conceptualizing complex bicultural identifications and their impact within the acculturating Chinese community, as well as understanding more broadly how specific cultural orientations and values manifest in parenting practices across acculturating communities.
Literatuur
go back to reference Bao, X. (1997). Chinese Mothers in New York City’s New Sweatshops. The Politics of Motherhood: Activist Voices from Left to Right (pp.126–137). London: University Press of New England. Bao, X. (1997). Chinese Mothers in New York City’s New Sweatshops. The Politics of Motherhood: Activist Voices from Left to Right (pp.126–137). London: University Press of New England.
go back to reference Berry, J. W. (2006) Acculturation: a conceptual overview. In M. H. Bornstein L. R. Cote (eds.), Acculturation and Parent-child Relationships. (pp.13–30). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Berry, J. W. (2006) Acculturation: a conceptual overview. In M. H. Bornstein L. R. Cote (eds.), Acculturation and Parent-child Relationships. (pp.13–30). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Berry, J. W. (1980). Acculturation as varieties of adaptation. In A. M. Padilla (Ed.), Acculturation: Theory, Models and Some New Findings (pp. 9–25). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Berry, J. W. (1980). Acculturation as varieties of adaptation. In A. M. Padilla (Ed.), Acculturation: Theory, Models and Some New Findings (pp. 9–25). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
go back to reference Bornstein, M. H., & Cote, L. R. (2006). Parenting cognitions and practices in the acculturative process. In M. H. Bornstein & L. R. Cote (Eds.), Acculturation and parent–child relationships: Measurement and development (pp. 173–196). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.CrossRef Bornstein, M. H., & Cote, L. R. (2006). Parenting cognitions and practices in the acculturative process. In M. H. Bornstein & L. R. Cote (Eds.), Acculturation and parent–child relationships: Measurement and development (pp. 173–196). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.CrossRef
go back to reference Bornstein, M. H., & Lansford, J. E. (2010). Parenting. In M. H. Bornstein (Eds.), Handbook of Cross-Cultural Developmental Science Part 1 Domains of Development across Cultures (pp. 259–278). New York, NY: Psychology Press. Bornstein, M. H., & Lansford, J. E. (2010). Parenting. In M. H. Bornstein (Eds.), Handbook of Cross-Cultural Developmental Science Part 1 Domains of Development across Cultures (pp. 259–278). New York, NY: Psychology Press.
go back to reference Duncan, A. Y. (2008). Differentiation and tradition: parenting tensions within the Chinese-American family (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3356905). Duncan, A. Y. (2008). Differentiation and tradition: parenting tensions within the Chinese-American family (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3356905).
go back to reference Dunst, C. J., Jenkins, V., & Trivette, C. M. (2007). Family Support Scale Reliability and Validity. Asheville, NC: Winterberry Press. Dunst, C. J., Jenkins, V., & Trivette, C. M. (2007). Family Support Scale Reliability and Validity. Asheville, NC: Winterberry Press.
go back to reference Dunst, C. J., Jenkins, V., & Trivette, C. M. (1984). Family support scale: Reliability and validity. Journal of Individual, Family, and Community Wellness, 1, 45–52. Dunst, C. J., Jenkins, V., & Trivette, C. M. (1984). Family support scale: Reliability and validity. Journal of Individual, Family, and Community Wellness, 1, 45–52.
go back to reference Fang, K., Friedlander, M., & Pieterse, A. L. (2016). Contributions of acculturation, enculturation, discrimination, and personality traits to social anxiety among Chinese immigrants: a context-specific assessment. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 22(1), 58 https://doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000030.CrossRefPubMed Fang, K., Friedlander, M., & Pieterse, A. L. (2016). Contributions of acculturation, enculturation, discrimination, and personality traits to social anxiety among Chinese immigrants: a context-specific assessment. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 22(1), 58 https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​cdp0000030.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Goodnow, J. J. (2010). Culture. In: Bornstein, MH., editor. Handbook of Cultural Developmental Science (pp. 3-20). New York: Psychology Press. Goodnow, J. J. (2010). Culture. In: Bornstein, MH., editor. Handbook of Cultural Developmental Science (pp. 3-20). New York: Psychology Press.
go back to reference Han, Y. (2007). A study on parent’s socio-economic investment of children. Korean Journal of Child Care and Education, 50, 165–181. Han, Y. (2007). A study on parent’s socio-economic investment of children. Korean Journal of Child Care and Education, 50, 165–181.
go back to reference Hofstede, G. (1991). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. London: McGraw-Hill. Hofstede, G. (1991). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. London: McGraw-Hill.
go back to reference Holden, G. W. (2014). Parenting: A dynamic perspective. Sage Publications. Holden, G. W. (2014). Parenting: A dynamic perspective. Sage Publications.
go back to reference Huntsinger, C. S., Jose, P. E., Liaw, F. R., & Ching, W. D. (1997). Cultural differences in early mathematics learning: a comparison of Euro-American, Chinese-American, and Taiwan-Chinese families. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 21, 371–388. https://doi.org/10.1080/016502597384929.CrossRef Huntsinger, C. S., Jose, P. E., Liaw, F. R., & Ching, W. D. (1997). Cultural differences in early mathematics learning: a comparison of Euro-American, Chinese-American, and Taiwan-Chinese families. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 21, 371–388. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1080/​016502597384929.CrossRef
go back to reference Kalmuss, D., Davidson, A., & Cushman, L. (1992). Parenting expectations, experiences, and adjustment to parenthood: a test of the violated expectations framework. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 516–526. Kalmuss, D., Davidson, A., & Cushman, L. (1992). Parenting expectations, experiences, and adjustment to parenthood: a test of the violated expectations framework. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 516–526.
go back to reference Kim, B. S., & Abreu, J. M. (2001). Acculturation measurement: Theory, current instruments, and future directions. In J. G. Ponterotto, J. M. Casas, L. A. Suzuki & C. M. Alexander (Eds.), Handbook of Multicultural Counseling. 2nd ed. (pp. 394–424). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Kim, B. S., & Abreu, J. M. (2001). Acculturation measurement: Theory, current instruments, and future directions. In J. G. Ponterotto, J. M. Casas, L. A. Suzuki & C. M. Alexander (Eds.), Handbook of Multicultural Counseling. 2nd ed. (pp. 394–424). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference MacPhee, D., Benson, J. B., & Bullock, D. (1986, April). Influences on maternal self-perceptions. Paper presented to the fifth biennial International Conference of Infant Studies, Los Angeles, CA. MacPhee, D., Benson, J. B., & Bullock, D. (1986, April). Influences on maternal self-perceptions. Paper presented to the fifth biennial International Conference of Infant Studies, Los Angeles, CA.
go back to reference McGillicuddy-DeLisi, A. V. (1982). Parental beliefs about developmental processes. Human Development, 25(3), 192–200.CrossRef McGillicuddy-DeLisi, A. V. (1982). Parental beliefs about developmental processes. Human Development, 25(3), 192–200.CrossRef
go back to reference McBride, B. A., & Mills, G. (1993). A comparison of mother and father involvement with their preschool age children. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 8, 457–477. McBride, B. A., & Mills, G. (1993). A comparison of mother and father involvement with their preschool age children. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 8, 457–477.
go back to reference Migration Policy Institute (2015). MPI tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Migration Policy Institute (2015). MPI tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census.
go back to reference Moreno, R. P. & Lopez, J. A. (1999). Latina parent involvement: The role of maternal acculturation and education. School Community Journal, 9, 83–102. Moreno, R. P. & Lopez, J. A. (1999). Latina parent involvement: The role of maternal acculturation and education. School Community Journal, 9, 83–102.
go back to reference Ren, R. X., & Hyun, O. K. (2002). A comparative study of Korean and Yan Bian Korean-Chinese mothers’ parental role satisfaction and child-rearing practices. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 40, 23–37. Ren, R. X., & Hyun, O. K. (2002). A comparative study of Korean and Yan Bian Korean-Chinese mothers’ parental role satisfaction and child-rearing practices. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 40, 23–37.
go back to reference Rudy, D., & Grusec, J. E. (2006). Social cognitive approaches to parenting representations. O. Mayseless (Ed.) In Parenting representations. Theory, research, and clinical implications (p. 79–107). U.K.: Cambridge University Press. Rudy, D., & Grusec, J. E. (2006). Social cognitive approaches to parenting representations. O. Mayseless (Ed.) In Parenting representations. Theory, research, and clinical implications (p. 79–107). U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism & Collectivism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism & Collectivism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
go back to reference U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (2017). DACA Population Data. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (2017). DACA Population Data.
go back to reference Wang, Y. L., Shi, K., & Huang, X. (2003). A confirmatory study on the structure of individualism and collectivism in China. Psychological Science, 26, 996–999. Wang, Y. L., Shi, K., & Huang, X. (2003). A confirmatory study on the structure of individualism and collectivism in China. Psychological Science, 26, 996–999.
go back to reference Wu, D. Y. H. (1996). Parental control: psychocultural interpretations of Chinese patterns of socialization. In S. Lau (Ed.), Growing up the Chinese Way: Chinese Child and Adolescent Development (pp. 1–28). Hong Kong: Chinese University Press. Wu, D. Y. H. (1996). Parental control: psychocultural interpretations of Chinese patterns of socialization. In S. Lau (Ed.), Growing up the Chinese Way: Chinese Child and Adolescent Development (pp. 1–28). Hong Kong: Chinese University Press.
go back to reference Xiang, Y., Hoot, J., & Raisor, J. (2017). Parenting stress and social support among cross-national and traditional families. Journal of Family Diversity in Education, 2, 26–41.CrossRef Xiang, Y., Hoot, J., & Raisor, J. (2017). Parenting stress and social support among cross-national and traditional families. Journal of Family Diversity in Education, 2, 26–41.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Parental Involvement in Chinese Immigrant Mothers: The Influences of Cultural and Parenting Cognitions
Auteurs
Kai Sun
Matthew K. Mulvaney
Publicatiedatum
11-11-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02158-0

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2022

Journal of Child and Family Studies 1/2022 Naar de uitgave