Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Parents of children with developmental disabilities (DD) typically report higher levels of parental stress than parents of typically developing children. While the majority of the literature addresses child behavior problems as predictors of parental stress, research has shown that the relation is bi-directional. However, very little research has examined the effects of parental stress on child behavior problems and the possible parenting factors that may explain this relation. The current study utilized data from the Mindful Awareness for Parenting Stress (MAPS) study (N = 31; % male = 67.7, mean age = 3.5, SD = .96; 81% ethic minority), and examined positive parenting behaviors as mediators in the relation between parenting distress and child behavior. Results from a multiple mediation analysis indicated that Parental Distress had a significant direct effect on total Child Behavior Problems, b = 1.11, p < .05. Additionally, Quality of Mother's Assistance was a significant mediator in the relation between Parental Distress and Child Behavior Problems, ab = .482, 95% BCa 95% CI [.022, 2.33]. Neither Level of Involvement nor Mother's Supportive Presence significantly mediated the relation between Parental Distress and Child Behavior Problems, ps > .05. Findings suggest that improving the quality of the parent/child interaction may play a key role in the relation between parenting stress and child behavior problems. The current study could help to inform future parenting interventions by emphasizing the importance of targeting quality of parent assistance type parenting behaviors for improving child behavior outcomes.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abbeduto, L., Weissman, M. D., & Short-Meyerson, K. (1999). Parental scaffolding of the discourse of children and adolescents with intellectual disability: The case of, referential expressions. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 43, 540–557. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2788.1999.00249.x. CrossRefPubMed
Abidin, R. (1995). The Parenting Stress Index (3rd ed.). Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Achenbach T. M. (2000). Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist 1 ½-5. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
Elizabeth A. Robinson, Sheila M. Eyberg, A. William Ross, (2009). The standardization of an inventory of child conduct problem behaviors. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 9 (1), 22-28
Baumrind, D., Larzelere, R. E., & Owens, E. B. (2010). Effects of preschool parents’ power assertive patterns and practices on adolescent development. Parenting, science and practice, 10, 157–201. CrossRef
Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences 3rd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Dietrich, S. E., Assel, M. A., Swank, P., Smith, K. E., & Landry, S. H. (2006). The impact of early maternal verbal scaffolding and child language abilities on later decoding and reading comprehension skills. Journal of School Psychology, 43, 481–494. CrossRef
Glazemakers, I., & Deboutte, D. (2013). Modifying the ‘Positive Parenting Program’ for parents with intellectual Disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities Research, 57, 616–626. CrossRef
Guisti, L., Mirsky, E., Dickenstein, S., & Seifer, R. (1997). Clean-Up Task Coding Manual Providence Family Study Version 1.
Hayes, A. F. (2009). Beyond Baron and Kenny: Statistical mediation analysis in the new millennium. Communication Monographs, 76, 408–420. CrossRef
Howse, R., Calkins, S. D., Anastopoulos, A., Keane, S., & Shelton, T. (2003). Regulatory Contributors to Children’s Kindergarten Achievement. Early Education and Development, 14, 101–119. CrossRef
IBM Corp. Released 2012. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.
Karrass, J., VanDeventer, M., & Braungart-Riker, J. (2003). Predicting shared parent–child book reading in infancy. Journal of Family Psychology 17, 134–146.
Kochanska, G., & Aksan, N. (1995). Mother-child mutually positive affect, the quality of child compliance to requests and prohibitions, and maternal control as correlates of early internalization. Child Development, 66, 236–254. CrossRef
Loeber, R., & Farrington, D. P. (1998). Never too early, never too late: Risk factors and successful interventions for serious and violent juvenile offenders. Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention, 7(1), 7–30.
McLloyd, V. C., & Wilson, L. (1990). Maternal behavior, social support, and economic conditions as predictors of distress in children. In V. C. McLloyd & C. A. Flanagan (Eds.), Economic stress: Effects on family life and child development (pp. 49-69). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Ninio, A., & Snow, D. E. (1996). Pragmatic Development. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Padilla-Walker, L. M., & Christensen, K. J. (2010). Empathy and self-regulation as mediators between parenting and adolescents’ prosocial behavior toward strangers, friends, and family. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21, 545–551. CrossRef
Pettygrove, D. M., Hammond, S. I., Karahuta, E. L., Waugh, W. E., & Brownell, C. A. (2013). From cleaning up to helping out: Parental socialization and children’s early prosocial behavior. Infant Behavior and Development, 36, 843–846. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2013.09.005. CrossRefPubMed
Power, T. G. (2004). Stress and coping in childhood: The parents’ role. Parenting, 4, 271–317. CrossRef
Rinaldi, C. M., & Howe, N. (2012). Mothers’ and fathers’ parenting styles and associations with toddlers’ externalizing, internalizing, and adaptive behaviors. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 27, 266–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2011.08.001. CrossRef
Robinson, E. A., Eyberg, S. M., & Ross, A. W. (1980). The standardization of an inventory of child conduct problem behaviors. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 9, 22–29.
Rubin, K. H., Coplan, R. J., & Bowker, J. C. (2009). Social withdrawal in childhood. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 141–171. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.60.110707.163642. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Siequeland, L., Kendall, P. C., & Steinberg, L. (1996). Anxiety in children: Perceived family environments and observed family interaction. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 225–237. CrossRef
Sameroff, A. J., Seifer, R., & Zax, M. (1982). Early development of children at risk for emotional disorder. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Stack, D. M., Serbin, L. A., Enns, L. N., Ruttle, P. L., & Barrieau, L. (2010). Parental effects on children’s emotional development over time and across generations. Infants and Young Children, 23, 52–69. CrossRef
Thompson, R. A. (2006). The development of the person: Social understanding, relationships, conscience, self. In N. Eisenberg, W. Damon, R. M. Lerner, N. Eisenberg, W. Damon & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology: Vol. 3, Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 24–98). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
- Parental Distress and Child Behavior Problems: Parenting Behaviors as Mediators
Catherine M. Sanner
Cameron L. Neece
- Springer US