Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 3/2015

01-03-2015 | Original Paper

Parental Behavioral Control, Psychological Control and Chinese Adolescents’ Peer Victimization: The Mediating Role of Self-Control

Auteurs: Danli Li, Wei Zhang, Yanhui Wang

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 3/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Previous research suggested that parental behavioral control and psychological control have differential associations with adolescents’ peer victimization. However, given that these two types of parental control are somewhat related but distinct from each other, it is critical to distinguish the unique relationship between each form of parental control and peer victimization. Furthermore, the mediating mechanism between parental control and peer victimization has not been thoroughly examined. The present study was designed to examine the unique associations of parental behavioral control and psychological control with Chinese adolescents’ peer victimization, as well as the mediating role of self-control. A total of 694 7th–9th grade middle school students in China (M age = 13.67, SD = 1.20) participated the survey by completing questionnaires about demographics, parental control, self-control, and peer victimization. Results indicated that: psychological control had positive associations with both overt and relational victimization, and these associations were partially mediated by adolescents’ self control. In contrast, behavioral control was positively associated with self-control, which in turn negatively associated with peer victimization. On the other hand, behavioral control was positively associated with peer victimization. Hence, an inconsistent mediation was found due to the opposite signs and the same magnitudes of the direct and indirect relationships between behavioral control and peer victimization. These findings suggest that parental behavioral control and psychological control contribute to adolescents’ peer victimization through different mediating mechanisms.
Literatuur
go back to reference Ahmad, I. (2009). Mothers’ parenting styles as predictors of Palestinian children’s peer victimization and aggression (Unpublished doctorial dissertation). Bloomington: Indiana University. Ahmad, I. (2009). Mothers’ parenting styles as predictors of Palestinian children’s peer victimization and aggression (Unpublished doctorial dissertation). Bloomington: Indiana University.
go back to reference Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: Revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67, 3296–3319. CrossRefPubMed Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: Revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67, 3296–3319. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Barber, B. K. (2002). Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Barber, B. K. (2002). Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Barber, B. K., Stolz, H. E., & Olsen, J. A. (2005). Parental support, psychological control, and behavioral control: Assessing relevance across time, culture, and method. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 70, 1–137. PubMed Barber, B. K., Stolz, H. E., & Olsen, J. A. (2005). Parental support, psychological control, and behavioral control: Assessing relevance across time, culture, and method. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 70, 1–137. PubMed
go back to reference Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology, 4, 27–51. Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology, 4, 27–51.
go back to reference Boutwell, B. B., Franklin, C. A., Barnes, J. C., Tamplin, A. K., Beaver, K. M., & Petkovsek, M. (2013). Unraveling the covariation of low self-control and victimization: A behavior genetic approach. Journal of Adolescence, 36, 657–666. CrossRefPubMed Boutwell, B. B., Franklin, C. A., Barnes, J. C., Tamplin, A. K., Beaver, K. M., & Petkovsek, M. (2013). Unraveling the covariation of low self-control and victimization: A behavior genetic approach. Journal of Adolescence, 36, 657–666. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Broudy, M. S. (2004). Parental monitoring and the development of peer victimization and adjustment in boys (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). New York: St. John’s University. Broudy, M. S. (2004). Parental monitoring and the development of peer victimization and adjustment in boys (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). New York: St. John’s University.
go back to reference Chao, R. K. (1994). Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: Understanding Chinese parenting through the cultural notion of training. Child Development, 65, 1111–1119. CrossRefPubMed Chao, R. K. (1994). Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: Understanding Chinese parenting through the cultural notion of training. Child Development, 65, 1111–1119. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1996). Children’s treatment by peers: Victims of relational and overt aggression. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 367–380. CrossRef Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1996). Children’s treatment by peers: Victims of relational and overt aggression. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 367–380. CrossRef
go back to reference Duckworth, A. L. (2011). The significance of self-control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 2639–2640. CrossRef Duckworth, A. L. (2011). The significance of self-control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 2639–2640. CrossRef
go back to reference Duckworth, A. L., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2005). Self-discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adolescents. Psychological Science, 16, 939–944. CrossRefPubMed Duckworth, A. L., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2005). Self-discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adolescents. Psychological Science, 16, 939–944. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ellis, L. K., & Rothbart, M. K. (2001). Revision of the Early Adolescent Temperament. Ellis, L. K., & Rothbart, M. K. (2001). Revision of the Early Adolescent Temperament.
go back to reference Erceg-Hurn, D. M., & Mirosebich, V. M. (2008). Modern robust statistical methods: An easy way to maximize the accuracy and power of your research. American Psychologist, 63, 591–601. CrossRefPubMed Erceg-Hurn, D. M., & Mirosebich, V. M. (2008). Modern robust statistical methods: An easy way to maximize the accuracy and power of your research. American Psychologist, 63, 591–601. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Esbensen, F., Huizinga, D., & Menard, S. (1999). Family context and criminal victimization in adolescence. Youth and Society, 31, 168–198. CrossRef Esbensen, F., Huizinga, D., & Menard, S. (1999). Family context and criminal victimization in adolescence. Youth and Society, 31, 168–198. CrossRef
go back to reference Fanti, K. A., & Kimonis, E. R. (2012). Bullying and victimization: The role of conduct problems and psychopathic traits. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22, 617–631. CrossRef Fanti, K. A., & Kimonis, E. R. (2012). Bullying and victimization: The role of conduct problems and psychopathic traits. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22, 617–631. CrossRef
go back to reference Finkenauer, C., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Parenting behavior and adolescent behavioral and emotional problems: The role of self-control. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29, 58–69. CrossRef Finkenauer, C., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Parenting behavior and adolescent behavioral and emotional problems: The role of self-control. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29, 58–69. CrossRef
go back to reference Finnegan, R. A., Hodges, E. V. E., & Perry, D. G. (1998). Victimization by peers: Associations with children’s reports of mother-child interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1076–1086. CrossRefPubMed Finnegan, R. A., Hodges, E. V. E., & Perry, D. G. (1998). Victimization by peers: Associations with children’s reports of mother-child interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1076–1086. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fung, H. (1999). Becoming a moral child: The socialization of shame among young Chinese children. Ethos, 27, 180–209. CrossRef Fung, H. (1999). Becoming a moral child: The socialization of shame among young Chinese children. Ethos, 27, 180–209. CrossRef
go back to reference Galambos, N. L., Barker, E. T., & Almeida, D. M. (2003). Parents do matter: Trajectories of change in externalizing and internalizing problems in early adolescence. Child Development, 74, 578–594. CrossRefPubMed Galambos, N. L., Barker, E. T., & Almeida, D. M. (2003). Parents do matter: Trajectories of change in externalizing and internalizing problems in early adolescence. Child Development, 74, 578–594. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Giesbrecht, G. F., Leadbeater, B. J., & MacDonald, S. S. (2011). Child and context characteristics in trajectories of physical and relational victimization among early elementary school children. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 239–252. CrossRefPubMed Giesbrecht, G. F., Leadbeater, B. J., & MacDonald, S. S. (2011). Child and context characteristics in trajectories of physical and relational victimization among early elementary school children. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 239–252. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
go back to reference Hawk, S. T., Hale, W. W., Raaijmakers, Q. A. W., & Meeus, W. (2008). Adolescents’ perceptions of privacy invasion in reaction to parental solicitation and control. Journal of Early Adolescence, 28, 583–608. CrossRef Hawk, S. T., Hale, W. W., Raaijmakers, Q. A. W., & Meeus, W. (2008). Adolescents’ perceptions of privacy invasion in reaction to parental solicitation and control. Journal of Early Adolescence, 28, 583–608. CrossRef
go back to reference Hawker, D. S. J., & Boulton, M. J. (2000). Twenty years’ research on peer victimization and psychosocial maladjustment: A meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 441–455. CrossRefPubMed Hawker, D. S. J., & Boulton, M. J. (2000). Twenty years’ research on peer victimization and psychosocial maladjustment: A meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 441–455. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hay, C. (2001). Parenting, self-control, and delinquency: A test of self-control theory. Criminology, 39, 707–736. CrossRef Hay, C. (2001). Parenting, self-control, and delinquency: A test of self-control theory. Criminology, 39, 707–736. CrossRef
go back to reference Higgins, G. E., Jennings, W. G., Tewksbury, R., & Gibson, C. L. (2009). Exploring the link between low self-control and violent victimization trajectories in adolescents. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36, 1070–1084. CrossRef Higgins, G. E., Jennings, W. G., Tewksbury, R., & Gibson, C. L. (2009). Exploring the link between low self-control and violent victimization trajectories in adolescents. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36, 1070–1084. CrossRef
go back to reference Holtfreter, K., Reisig, M. D., Piquero, N. L., & Piquero, A. R. (2010). Low self-control and fraud offending, victimization, and their overlap. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37, 188–203. CrossRef Holtfreter, K., Reisig, M. D., Piquero, N. L., & Piquero, A. R. (2010). Low self-control and fraud offending, victimization, and their overlap. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37, 188–203. CrossRef
go back to reference Jensen-Campbell, L. A., Knack, J. M., Waldrip, A., & Ramirez, M. (2009). The importance of personality and effortful control processes in victimization. In M. J. Harris (Ed.), Bullying, rejection, & peer victimization: A social cognitive neuroscience perspective (pp. 103–123). New York: Springer. Jensen-Campbell, L. A., Knack, J. M., Waldrip, A., & Ramirez, M. (2009). The importance of personality and effortful control processes in victimization. In M. J. Harris (Ed.), Bullying, rejection, & peer victimization: A social cognitive neuroscience perspective (pp. 103–123). New York: Springer.
go back to reference Ji, L., Chen, L., Xu, F., Zhao, S., & Zhang, W. (2011). A longitudinal analysis of the association between peer victimization and patterns of psychosocial adjustment during middle and late childhood (in Chinese). Acta Psychologica Sinica, 43, 1151–1162. Ji, L., Chen, L., Xu, F., Zhao, S., & Zhang, W. (2011). A longitudinal analysis of the association between peer victimization and patterns of psychosocial adjustment during middle and late childhood (in Chinese). Acta Psychologica Sinica, 43, 1151–1162.
go back to reference Keijsers, L., Branje, S., Hawk, S. T., Schwartz, S. J., Frijins, T., Koot, H. M., et al. (2012). Forbidden friends as forbidden fruit: Parental supervision of friendships, contact with deviant peers, and adolescent delinquency. Child Development, 83, 651–666. PubMed Keijsers, L., Branje, S., Hawk, S. T., Schwartz, S. J., Frijins, T., Koot, H. M., et al. (2012). Forbidden friends as forbidden fruit: Parental supervision of friendships, contact with deviant peers, and adolescent delinquency. Child Development, 83, 651–666. PubMed
go back to reference Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2000). What parents know, how they know it, and several forms of adolescent adjustment: Further support for a reinterpretation of monitoring. Developmental Psychology, 36, 366–380. CrossRefPubMed Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2000). What parents know, how they know it, and several forms of adolescent adjustment: Further support for a reinterpretation of monitoring. Developmental Psychology, 36, 366–380. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ladd, G. W., & Ladd, B. K. (1998). Parenting behaviors and parent-child relationships: Correlates of peer victimization in kindergarten? Developmental Psychology, 34, 1450–1458. CrossRefPubMed Ladd, G. W., & Ladd, B. K. (1998). Parenting behaviors and parent-child relationships: Correlates of peer victimization in kindergarten? Developmental Psychology, 34, 1450–1458. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Leadbeater, B. J., Banister, E. M., Ellis, W. E., & Yeung, R. (2008). Victimization and relational aggression in adolescent romantic relationships: The influence of parental and peer behaviors, and individual adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37, 272–359. CrossRef Leadbeater, B. J., Banister, E. M., Ellis, W. E., & Yeung, R. (2008). Victimization and relational aggression in adolescent romantic relationships: The influence of parental and peer behaviors, and individual adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37, 272–359. CrossRef
go back to reference Li, D., Zhang, W., Li, D., & Wang, Y. (2012). Parental behavioral control, psychological control, and aggression and social withdrawal in early adolescents (in Chinese). Psychological Development and Education, 28, 201–209. Li, D., Zhang, W., Li, D., & Wang, Y. (2012). Parental behavioral control, psychological control, and aggression and social withdrawal in early adolescents (in Chinese). Psychological Development and Education, 28, 201–209.
go back to reference Maccoby, E. E. (1984). Middle childhood in the context of the family. In W. A. Collins (Ed.), Development during middle childhood: The year from six to twelve (pp. 184–239). Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Maccoby, E. E. (1984). Middle childhood in the context of the family. In W. A. Collins (Ed.), Development during middle childhood: The year from six to twelve (pp. 184–239). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
go back to reference MacKinnon, D. P., Krull, J. L., & Lockwood, C. M. (2000). Equivalence of the mediation, confounding and suppression effect. Prevention Science, 1, 173–181. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed MacKinnon, D. P., Krull, J. L., & Lockwood, C. M. (2000). Equivalence of the mediation, confounding and suppression effect. Prevention Science, 1, 173–181. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Meldrum, R. C. (2008). Beyond parenting: An examination of the etiology of self-control. Journal of Criminal Justice, 36, 244–251. CrossRef Meldrum, R. C. (2008). Beyond parenting: An examination of the etiology of self-control. Journal of Criminal Justice, 36, 244–251. CrossRef
go back to reference Pellegrini, A. D. (2001). Sampling instances of victimization by peer harassment in middle school: A methodological comparison. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school: The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 125–144). New York: Guilford. Pellegrini, A. D. (2001). Sampling instances of victimization by peer harassment in middle school: A methodological comparison. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school: The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 125–144). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Perry, D. G., Hodges, E. V. E., & Egan, S. K. (2001). Determinants of chronic victimization by peers: A review and a new model of family influence. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school: The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 73–104). New York: Guilford. Perry, D. G., Hodges, E. V. E., & Egan, S. K. (2001). Determinants of chronic victimization by peers: A review and a new model of family influence. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school: The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 73–104). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Pettit, G. S., Laird, R. D., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Criss, M. M. (2001). Antecedents and behavior-problem outcomes of parental monitoring and psychological control in early adolescence. Child Development, 72, 583–598. Pettit, G. S., Laird, R. D., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Criss, M. M. (2001). Antecedents and behavior-problem outcomes of parental monitoring and psychological control in early adolescence. Child Development, 72, 583–598.
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Method, Instruments, and Computers, 36, 717–731. CrossRef Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Method, Instruments, and Computers, 36, 717–731. CrossRef
go back to reference Schreck, C. J. (1999). Criminal victimization and low self-control: An extension and test of a general theory of crime. Justice Quarterly, 16, 633–654. CrossRef Schreck, C. J. (1999). Criminal victimization and low self-control: An extension and test of a general theory of crime. Justice Quarterly, 16, 633–654. CrossRef
go back to reference Schreck, C. J., Stewart, E. A., & Fisher, B. S. (2006). Self-control, victimization, and their influence on risky lifestyles: A longitudinal analysis using panel data. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 22, 319–340. CrossRef Schreck, C. J., Stewart, E. A., & Fisher, B. S. (2006). Self-control, victimization, and their influence on risky lifestyles: A longitudinal analysis using panel data. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 22, 319–340. CrossRef
go back to reference Schwartz, D., Chang, L., & Farver, J. M. (2001). Correlates of victimization in Chinese children’s peer groups. Developmental Psychology, 37, 520–532. CrossRefPubMed Schwartz, D., Chang, L., & Farver, J. M. (2001). Correlates of victimization in Chinese children’s peer groups. Developmental Psychology, 37, 520–532. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Schwartz, D., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (1997). The early socialization of aggressive victims of bullying. Child Development, 68, 665–675. CrossRefPubMed Schwartz, D., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (1997). The early socialization of aggressive victims of bullying. Child Development, 68, 665–675. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shek, D. T. L. (2005). Perceived parental control and parent-child relational qualities in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Sex Roles, 53, 635–646. CrossRef Shek, D. T. L. (2005). Perceived parental control and parent-child relational qualities in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Sex Roles, 53, 635–646. CrossRef
go back to reference Shek, D. T. L. (2006). Perceived parental behavioral control and psychological control in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 34, 163–176. CrossRef Shek, D. T. L. (2006). Perceived parental behavioral control and psychological control in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 34, 163–176. CrossRef
go back to reference Shek, D. T. L. (2007a). Perceived parental control based on indigenous Chinese parental control concepts in adolescents in Hong Kong. American Journal of Family Therapy, 3, 123–137. CrossRef Shek, D. T. L. (2007a). Perceived parental control based on indigenous Chinese parental control concepts in adolescents in Hong Kong. American Journal of Family Therapy, 3, 123–137. CrossRef
go back to reference Shek, D. T. L. (2007b). A longitudinal study of perceived parental psychological control and psychological well-being in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 63, 1–22. CrossRefPubMed Shek, D. T. L. (2007b). A longitudinal study of perceived parental psychological control and psychological well-being in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 63, 1–22. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and non-experimental studies: New procedures and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7, 422–445. CrossRefPubMed Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and non-experimental studies: New procedures and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7, 422–445. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smetana, J. G., & Daddis, C. (2002). Domain-specific antecedents of parental psychological control and monitoring: The role of parenting beliefs and practices. Child Development, 73, 563–580. CrossRefPubMed Smetana, J. G., & Daddis, C. (2002). Domain-specific antecedents of parental psychological control and monitoring: The role of parenting beliefs and practices. Child Development, 73, 563–580. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2010). A theoretical upgrade of the concept of parental psychological control: Proposing new insights on the basis of self-determination theory. Developmental Review, 30, 74–99. CrossRef Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2010). A theoretical upgrade of the concept of parental psychological control: Proposing new insights on the basis of self-determination theory. Developmental Review, 30, 74–99. CrossRef
go back to reference Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyckx, K., & Goossens, L. (2006). Parenting and adolescent problem behavior: An integrated model with adolescent self-disclosure and perceived parental knowledge as intervening variables. Developmental Psychology, 42, 305–318. CrossRefPubMed Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyckx, K., & Goossens, L. (2006). Parenting and adolescent problem behavior: An integrated model with adolescent self-disclosure and perceived parental knowledge as intervening variables. Developmental Psychology, 42, 305–318. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Smits, I., Lowet, K., & Goossens, L. (2007). The role of intrusive parenting in the relationship between peer management strategies and peer affiliation. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 28, 239–249. CrossRef Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Smits, I., Lowet, K., & Goossens, L. (2007). The role of intrusive parenting in the relationship between peer management strategies and peer affiliation. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 28, 239–249. CrossRef
go back to reference Stattin, H., & Kerr, M. (2000). Parental monitoring: A reinterpretation. Child Development, 71, 1072–1085. CrossRefPubMed Stattin, H., & Kerr, M. (2000). Parental monitoring: A reinterpretation. Child Development, 71, 1072–1085. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Testa, M., Hoffman, J. H., & Livingston, J. A. (2010). Intergenerational transmission of sexual victimization vulnerability as mediated via parenting. Child Abuse and Neglect, 35, 363–371. CrossRef Testa, M., Hoffman, J. H., & Livingston, J. A. (2010). Intergenerational transmission of sexual victimization vulnerability as mediated via parenting. Child Abuse and Neglect, 35, 363–371. CrossRef
go back to reference Tourangeau, R., & Yan, T. (2007). Sensitive questions in surveys. Psychological Bulletin, 133, 859–883. CrossRefPubMed Tourangeau, R., & Yan, T. (2007). Sensitive questions in surveys. Psychological Bulletin, 133, 859–883. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Tyler, K. A., & Johnson, K. A. (2006). A longitudinal study of the effects of early abuse on later victimization among high-risk adolescents. Violence and Victims, 21, 287–306. CrossRefPubMed Tyler, K. A., & Johnson, K. A. (2006). A longitudinal study of the effects of early abuse on later victimization among high-risk adolescents. Violence and Victims, 21, 287–306. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wang, Q., Pomerantz, E. M., & Chen, H. (2007). The role of parents’ control in early adolescents’ psychological functioning: A longitudinal investigation in the United States and China. Child Development, 78, 1592–1610. CrossRefPubMed Wang, Q., Pomerantz, E. M., & Chen, H. (2007). The role of parents’ control in early adolescents’ psychological functioning: A longitudinal investigation in the United States and China. Child Development, 78, 1592–1610. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zhang, W., Chen, L., Ji, L., Zhang, L., Chen, G., & Wang, S. (2009). Physical and relational victimization, and children’s emotional adjustment in middle childhood (in Chinese). Acta Psychologica Sinica, 41, 433–443. CrossRef Zhang, W., Chen, L., Ji, L., Zhang, L., Chen, G., & Wang, S. (2009). Physical and relational victimization, and children’s emotional adjustment in middle childhood (in Chinese). Acta Psychologica Sinica, 41, 433–443. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Parental Behavioral Control, Psychological Control and Chinese Adolescents’ Peer Victimization: The Mediating Role of Self-Control
Auteurs
Danli Li
Wei Zhang
Yanhui Wang
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 3/2015
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9873-4